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Physics: GP 3- 6th grade
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Gravity
Terms in this set (9)
Work
Definition: The transfer of energy
Equation: Work= Force x Distance
Unit: Joule
Power
Definition: How fast work is done
Equation: Power= Work/∆time
Unit: Watts
Energy
Definition: The ability to do work
Unit: Joules
Gravitational potential energy
Definition: The energy stored in an object due to its height
Equation: GPE = Weight x Height
Unit: Joules
Elastic Potential energy
Definition: The energy stored in an object due to it being stretched or compressed
Examples: Rubber band, elastic chord, bouncy ball, pogo stick, spring
Unit: Joules
Chemical potential energy
Definition: The energy stored in an object due to the position of its atoms or molecules
Examples: Food, plants, gasoline, charcoal, natural gas, a match head
Unit: Joules
Kinetic energy
Definition: The energy of motion
Equation: K.E= 0.5 x mass x (velocity)²
Unit: Joules
Mechanical Energy
Definition: The total energy of motion and position
Equation: M.E= K.E + P.E
Unit: Joules
Law of Conservation of Energy
Definition: Energy cannot be created or destroyed, it can only change form
Example: Kinetic energy becomes thermal energy due to friction
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