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US History Semester 2 Review
Terms in this set (40)
What were the causes of the Spanish-American War?
Americans thought that the cause of the sinking of the Maine was on part of Spain.
What were the four to step the US gaining control in order to build the Panama Canal?
1. Buy the location of the Panama Canal
2. Construct the canal
3. Construct housing near the canal
4. Claim canal
What event led to the start of WWI?
The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand started WWI.
What countries made up the Central Powers in WWI?
Germany, Austria, & Hungary.
What countries made up the Allied Powers in WWI?
The British, Russians, & French
What were three innovations to warfare during WWI?
1. Trench warfare
2. Machine guns
3. Gas attacks
What events led to President Wilson, calling for a Declaration of War on Germany in April 1917?
Germany sank 3 U.S. merchant ships.
Why did the US Senate reject the Treaty of Versailles and participation in the League of Nations?
The U.S. Senate refused to ratify the peace treaty, preventing the U.S. from joining the League of Nations.
What was the Harlem Renaissance?
It was considered to be a rebirth in African American arts.
What difficulties did African Americans face during the 1920s?
They were left out of the new prosperity. They were being slaughtered by the Ku Klux Klan.
Lusitania is sunk. Annex was in Hawaii.
Women's rights: 19th amendment was passed. Treaty of Versailles is signed & ends WWI. Prohibition started.
The Emergency Quota Act is passed into law. The Tulsa Race Riot took place.
Pres. Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 into law. Prohibition still went on.
Hitler resurrects NSDAP political party in Munich. Stock Market is going well.
What caused the Great Depression?
The stock market crashed in 1929.
What were the major points in the New Deal?
Immediate relief for the needy, economic recovery, and banking regulations.
How did the New Deal change US government
It combated the Great Depression of the 1930s.
What drew the US into WWII?
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
What was the US role in WWII before the attack on Pearl Harbor?
They gave supplies and aircraft.
What was the importance of the Battle of Stalingrad?
The German Army surrendered
Describe the D-Day Invasion?
The day the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.
Describe the Holocaust?
Hitler took all the Jews and put them in concentration camps.
Gorbachev took office in the Soviet Union
Bulldozers tore down the Berlin Wall
Poland freely elected a noncommunist leader
Glasnost and perestroika created reform in the Soviet Union
Boris Yeltsin becomes first elected Russian President
Communists were banned from power in the Soviet Union
The 15 Republics of the USSR declared their independence
The Soviet Union ceased to exist
Korean War (Soviet Influence)
Communism in North Korea want to unite both
Korean War (US Influence)
Capitalism south kept free
Korean War Results
North tried to take over South America and NATO got involved Started Korean War. They worked out a peace treaty that left them. (5400 million Korean Americans, $20 billion dollars.
Cuban Missile Crisis (Soviet Influence)
They sent weapons to Cuba including nuclear missiles and missile base
Cuban Missile Crisis (US Influence)
They were going to invade by force
Cuban Missile Crisis Results
They stopped a nuclear war from happening; US removed missiles out from Turkey, not to invade Cuba.
Vietnam War (Soviet Influence)
They were going to have elected Communist Leader Ho Chi Minh
Vietnam War (US Influence)
They took control of half of Vietnam look at government differently
Vietnam War Results
Fidel Casco took over mine/sugar bay of pigs invasions to help contain the rebels; they put more US troops in South Vietnam; War in Vietnam Large Scale protest 1973 peace remained calm; 5800 US troops died
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