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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Final for 8th Grade U.S History
Terms in this set (60)
The states between the North and the South that were divided over whether to stay in the Union or join the Confederacy
cut off an area by means of troops or warships to stop supplies or people from coming in or going out; to close off a country's ports
position of attacking or the attack itself
Confederate soldier; so called because of opposition to the established government
ship that sails into and out of a blockaded area
armored naval vessel
a military person killed, wounded, or captured
to free from slavery
to give official approval to
a legal order for an inquiry to determine whether a person has been lawfully imprisoned
the selection of persons for required military service
money given as a reward, such as to encourage enlistment in the army
a piece of U.S. paper money first issued by the North during the Civil War.
A continuous rise in the price of goods and services
occupying a strong defensive position
war on all aspects of the enemy's life.
What was the Confederate Capital?
What were the three steps in the Union's strategy against the South?
Blockade the southern ports. Seize the Mississippi River. Capture Richmond, Virginia.
What is another name for Confederate soldiers?
What is another name for Union soldiers?
What was the most important border state?
48 counties in what state organized themselves as a separate state? (hint: the seceded from the seceders)
What was the primary aim of the war for the South?
To win recognition as an independent nation.
What was one of the main advantages of the South?
the strong support of its white population.
Where did most soldiers, both Confederate and Union, come from?
What was General Thomas Jackson's nickname?
What was the Merrimack's name changed to?
What was the first major battle of the Civil War?
First Battle at Bull Run (Manassas)
Who was the Union general who captured New Orleans?
Where was the single bloodiest day of the entire Civil War fought at?
Who did Abraham Lincoln replace George B. MClellan with?
What did the 13th Amendment do that the Emancipation Proclamation could not do?
Freed enslaved Americans
At the beginning of the war, what was the North's main goal?
To preserve the Union.
What law did Abraham Lincoln formally sign on January 1, 1863, which freed enslaved African Americans in the Confederacy?
After Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which countries decided to withhold recognition of the Confederacy?
Britain and France
Which woman fought for the Confederacy at the First Battle of Bull Run?
Loretta Janet Velazquez
Who was the Southerner who established a hospital for soldiers in Richmond, Virginia?
Where did the worst riot over the draft occur?
New York City
President Abraham Lincoln's address at what battlefield helped war-weary Americans focus on their shared ideals?
What helped Lincoln win the 1864 election
William T Sherman's capture of Atlanta
What was Sherman's march to Savannah, Georgia called?
Where did General Robert E. Lee surfer to General Ulysses S. Grant?
Appomattox Court House
What was special about the 54th Massachusetts regiment
It was made up of African American soldiers fighting for the Union.
What did Abraham Lincoln do that caused court states to join the Confederacy?
Called for troops
What battle was name after a small church?
In the Civil War for the first time, thousands of women served as...what?
What was the name given to the "Peace Democrats" by Republican run newspapers?
What battle began when the Union cavalry surprised the Rebel infantry raiding the town for shoes?
What were the border states, and why were they so important to the Union
Four states that allowed slavery-Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware- were divided over whether to support the Union or join the Confederacy. Losing these states would damage the North because all had strategic locations. Missouri could control parts of the Mississippi River and major routes to the West. Kentucky controlled the Ohio River. Delaware was close to the important Northern city of Philadelphia. Maryland had vital railroad lines passing through it, and it was close to Richmond, Virginia. Most significantly, Washington, D.C. lay within the state. If Maryland seceded, the North's government would be surrounded.
What made President Abraham Lincoln decide to emancipate African Americans?
Although Abraham Lincoln's personal opinion was that all people should be free, he was hesitant to move against slavery because of the border states. Once public opinion began shifting, he knew he could strike a blow against slavery. He knew doing so would make France and Great Britain less likely to aid the South. Lincoln was also convinced that slavery helped the South continue fighting because every enslaved person who worked enabled a white Southerner to fight. Lincoln also faced political pressure to take action. He believed it was important that the president rather than the antislavery Republicans in Congress make the decision ending slavery.
What was the Union Capital?
Who was the Confederate President?
At what battle was Stonewall Jackson a casualty?
Who did Irvin McDowell face off against at the First Battle of Bull Run
What April battle lasted only two days, but included SOME of the most bloody fighting of the war?
Which battle did Lincoln use to take action against slavery?
What is Clara Barton known for?
Working with wounded soldiers and later founded the American Red Cross
What were three strengths of the North and three strengths of the South?
North's strengths: larger population, more industry, more resources, better banking system, more ships, navy leadership, railroad network, Abraham Lincoln.
South's strengths: Support by white population, fighting in familiar territory, defending own land and way of life, superior military leadership.
What does the Thirteenth Amendment do, and why is it so important
The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution abolished slavery everywhere in the United States. Without this amendment African Americans could still be considered property to slaveholders. This amendment gave slaves the constitutional right to freedom as guaranteed by the federal government.
Recommended textbook explanations
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century (California Edition)
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
America: History of Our Nation
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United States History: Modern America
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