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Crime and the Law
Terms in this set (45)
Up to what percentage of cases were reprieved?
What fraction of criminals who were executed had commited murder?
How many people were executed between 1530 and 1630?
What size of crowd was standard at an execution?
How often did executions usually take place?
Twice a year (after assize courts)
How many times a year did executions take place in London?
What size crowd was usually present at London executions?
30,000 (sometimes 100,000!)
How many times did Jack Sheppard escape from prison in 1724?
The estimates of the size of the crowd that attended the execution of the notorious criminal Jack Sheppard have varied from what?
30,000-200,000 (1/3 population of London!)
When was Jack Sheppard executed?
In which country were criminals often publically tortured before they were executed?
What event was a turning point in the law regarding property rights after James II had infringed on property rights?
How many capital offences were there in 1688?
How many capital offences were there in 1800?
When was the theft of goods worth more than 25 pence made a capital offence?
From when was there increased autonomy of the magistracy?
Who held Quarter sessions?
After which event were the Quarter Sessions no longer answerable to the assize courts?
How many judges sat at a Quarter Session?
How many judges sat at 'Petty' or 'Double' sessions (outside Quarter Sessions)?
1 or 2
Which court was the highest?
How many times a year were the assize courts held?
At the assize courts the judges consulted a jury made up of how many local people?
The assize judges came from what background?
High ranking peerage
How many assize judges sat in the court?
In all cases except murder who brought cases to court?
Why was solving disputes outside of court the neighbourly thing to do?
The criminal justice system relied upon the support of who?
Reprieves were an extention of what?
Property crime taken more seriously than crimes like assault because property crime had broader implications for society as a whole whereas assault affected an individual
If victims did not turn up at the trial then there was usually no prosecution and teh trial was dropped
Given an example of a breakdown in the law system during the civil war
JP tried 23 witches in Chelmsford
The assize judges had what?
How long after Jack Sheppard's death did a pantomime open about his life and death?
The play 'The Beggars Opera' based on the life of Jack Sheppard opened in 1728. Who wrote it?
Which Article in the Swallowfield Articles (1596) shows that settling out of court was regarded as neighbourly?
'Ever since the popular press had been established in England, much of its output had been devoted to crime'
Public executions and theatre of death show that executions were about more than just inciting fear in people
In 1745, the justice summoned before him the overseer of the poor of which parish to explain why they had refused relief to two female paupers. The overseers obeyed the summons and relived them.
Participation of the poor in the law increases because of what?
Right to relief (Settlement Laws)
Harsh Law more than anything else made it possible to govern England without a police force in 18th century
Transportation introduced instead of capital punishment
What fraction of executed criminals executed for property crimes?
Did executions increase over the period?
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