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Society is like a system with different parts that do different things; All parts of a society must function together for the society to work
Groups conflict over access to scarce resources; group conflict is constant in society
Society is viewed as composed of symbols that people use to establish meaning, develop their views of the world, and communicate with one another
Developed Structural Functionalism
Saw the Industrialism Revolution as positive
Society is held together by the need for each other
Developed Conflict Theory
Saw the Industrialism Revolution as negative
Dehumanizing and oppressive system
Developed Symbolic Interactionism
"Owners of companies don't know how to make their own product"
Developed out of Conflict Theory's criticism
Critical of power relationships embedded in all systems of society
Mass culture is oppressive
Developed out of Conflict Theory's views on power
How masculinity & femininity are maintained, enacted, changed in society
Developed out of Symbolic Interactionism's ideas of socially constructed reality
Distrustful of claims of "objectiviy"
Pessimistic w/out coherent theories
Work better with quantitative research methods; Structural Functionalism & Conflict Theory
Quantitative Research Methods
Broad amounts of info
Generalizable to all populations
Qualitative Research Methods
Small sample sizes
Not generalizable to large populations
Principles of Research Ethics
Anonymity and Confidentiality
Really big norms
Not supposed to think of doing it
Connected to strong moral values
Sanctions are extreme
Evaluating things in a different culture using your own cultural values
"Our way is the right way"
The process of becoming a part of your social world, people acquire knowledge, language, values and behavior
Two or more people who are bound together in relatively stable patterns of social integration and who share a feeling of unity
Groups come together for a specific purpose
Formal, goal-oriented interaction
Instrumental ties dominate
Group members are faced with either maximizing their own gain or maximizing the gain of the group
Group decision-making process that prioritizes group cohesion over rational thinking
Messages we get from observing how others interact with us, based on body language, speech, facial expressions, etc.
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