World History - Semester 2 Review (Complete)
Terms in this set (50)
primary method of fighting during World War 1
four MAIN causes of World War 1
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
name of Germany's plan to win the two front war with Russia and France
The Schlieffen Plan
effect of Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare
Caused the United States to join and fight in WW1
event that ended Russia's involvement in the war
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
main ideas of Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points
Reduce armaments, no secret treaties, open trade, solve problems through diplomacy (league of nations)
Two requirements that Germany had to fulfill after signing the Treaty of Versailles
1) Accept full responsibility for the war
2) pay for the loss and damages
What happened to the Austro-Hungarian Empire after the war?
It was dismembered (broken up) into smaller countries.
How did Lenin use the Cheka to gain control of Russia?
Terror tactics against enemies to establish the communist government)
result of Josef Stalin's Great Purge
the death of millions
Josef Stalin's main political rival
three similarities between Italian fascism and German Nazism
A strong central government
led by a dictatorial ruler
Use of terror tactics against political opponents
Stalin's policy of collectivization
Make all farms and factories run by the government.
Three ways that totalitarian dictators maintain the loyalty of their citizens
Propaganda & censorship of the media,
one party rule,
suppression of dissent,
Used the ideas of Karl Marx to encourage a revolution and begin the Soviet Union
Who hated Stalin more, Hitler or Woodrow Wilson?
Very small and weak military,
Had to pay millions of dollars
Loss of colonies/territories
Severely weakened Germany while making their enemies wealthier.
Silence, kill, or torture opposition
Limit views and information, control narrative, spread lies faster than the truth
One party control
No different in opinions or methods. Easy for corruption. No competitive elections
the result of economic expansionism and imperialism in Germany during the 1930s
Created diplomatic tensions, and led to the second World War.
An area in Northwestern Czechoslovakia.
Who did Hitler blame for Germany's hardships?
An effort to give Hitler what he wanted to avoid war.
Effect of Germany's invasion of Poland in 1939
France and Great Britain to declared war
How did Hitler trick Stalin?
invading the Soviet Union, even though they signed the non-aggression pact
Why did Japan expand their sphere of influence
to gain land and resources (imperialism)
Deprived Jews of citizenship and professional jobs in Germany.
Effect of the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor
The US joined the war
Hitler's "Final solution to the Jewish problem"?
Kill all of the Jews
What did the Einsatzgruppen do?
built special extermination camps to carry out the final solution
definition of the Holocaust
The systematic killing of European civilians by the Nazis (approximately six million Jewish people)
A method of killing Jews in Extermination Camps
Places where jews were crammed into and forced to live during WW2
A US strategy of capturing only the important islands in the Pacific, in order to invade Japan
the purpose of the Yalta Conference
To decide how to restructure Europe after WW2
Reason some European Nations became satellite states
The Soviet army occupied them at the end of World War II
purpose off satellite nations
To create a defensive buffer zone for the USSR in Eastern Europe
What was the Cold War?
A competition for political influence around the world
The name of the organization created as a military defense for the West?
What does NATO stand for?
(North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
Reason war was fought in Vietnam and South Korea
Containment of Communism
goal of the Truman Doctrine
Protect other countries from political oppression and protect their personal freedoms
Where did the Truman Doctrine lead to American influence:
Africa, Asia, Europe, South America, Central America
How did the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan help fight communism?
Provided economic aid in the hopes of fighting against communist aggression
leader of the People's Liberation Army
group was the PLA fighting against
What happened to the USSR after the Cold War?
It collapsed and broke into smaller independent nations
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THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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World Vocabulary 2.2