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Personal Training Certification
Terms in this set (50)
Used to build and repair body tissues, and is a major component of enzymes, hormones, and antibodies. Used in fluid transport and energy. Not the primary energy source, only when carbs are deficient. Structural and regulatory molecules made up of combinations of 20 different amino acids. 12-20% of total energy intake
Provides a major source of fuel to the body, Provides dietary fibers. Most important nutrient for exercising muscles. Used as the primary energy source. Ensure brain and nervous system function properly. Allow body to use fat more efficiently. Stored in the form of glycogen. Should compose 55-65% of total calorie consumption.
Chief source of energy storage in the body, insulate and protect vital organs, provide fat soluble vitamins. Primary fuel for light to moderate intensity exercise. Supplies twice the calories of the other nutrients. Provides essential fatty acids and necessary for proper functioning of cell membrane, skin, and hormones. Stores 3500 calories in each pound. Should consist of 20-30% of calories of diet.
Help promote and regulate various chemical reactions and bodily processes. Do not yield energy themselves but participate in releasing energy from food
Enable enzymes to function, a component of hormones, a part of bone and nerve impulses. Used to build tissue, regulate muscle contractions and bodily fluids, and regulate normal heart rhythm. 2 groups: macromolecules and trace minerals.
Enables chemical reactions to occur, 60% of the body, essential for life, cannot be stored or conserved
Life sustaining substances found in food that provide energy and structural materials. Used for growth, maintenance, and repair
Eat milk and eggs but exclude meat, fish, poultry from diet
Eat only foods from plant sources
Foods from animal sources. Contain all of the essential amino acids
Missing 1 or more amino acids. Come from plant sources, can be combined with complete or other of the same to create complete proteins
Used to determine how fast carbs enter the bloodstream. High=Fast, Low=Slow. Altered when carbs are combined with other nutrients.
Effect of excess protein consumption
Causes amino acids to be stored as fat
Phenomenon where fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol are deposited on the artery walls causing a narrowing. This causes a reduced blood flow to the heart leading to heart disease.
Low density lipoproteins. Contain the greatest amount of cholesterol. May be responsible for depositing on the artery walls. Referred to most often as "bad cholesterol." Can be lowered through exercise, losing weight, adding mono and polyunsaturated fat, and decreasing the overall percentage of fat calories consumes
Contain more protein. Remove cholesterol from cells in arteries and transport it back to the liver. Referred to as "good cholesterol." Can be raised through regular consistent exercise.
Form of dietary fat consumed in in this form. Composed of a glycerol and three fatty acid tails.
Process of breaking double bonds in unsaturated fats and turning them from liquid into solid. Reduces the number of double bonds changing the shape. Cis can sometimes become trans during this process. It is recommended that foods that are low in this are chosen.
2 types of vitamins
Water soluble and fat soluble
Functions in the formation and maintenance of skin, hair, and mucous membranes. Helps you see in dim light. Bone and tooth growth
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
Helps body release energy form carbohydrates during metabolism. Growth and muscle tone
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Helps body release energy from protein, fat, and carbohydrates during metabolism
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Helps build body tissue and aids in metabolism of protein.
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Aids cell development, functioning of the nervous system and the metabolism of protein and fat.
Involved in metabolism of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.
Precursor to acetylcholine, essential for liver funciton.
Aids in genetic material development, involved in red blood cell production
Involved in protein, carbohydrate, and fat metabolism
Helps release energy from fats and carbohydrates
Vitamin C (Absorbic acid)
Essential for structure of bones, cartilage, muscle, and blood vessels. Helps maintain capillaries and gums. Aids in absorption of iron
Aids in tooth and bone formation. Helps maintain heart action and nervous system
Protects bloods cells, body tissue, and essential fatty acids from harmful destruction in the body
Essential for blood clotting functions.
Compounds that preserve and protect other compounds in the body from free radical damage. 5 nutrients (beta carotene, vitamin c, vitamin E, and minerals sulfur and selenium.
Plant chemicals in fruits, veggies, spices, herbs, beans, grains, seeds that may reduce the risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease if consumed regularly.
Strong bones, teeth, muscle tissue. Regulates heart beat, muscle action and nerve function. BLood clotting
Glucose metabolism. Increases effectiveness of insulin
Formation of red blood cells. Bone growth and health. Works with vitamin C to form elastin.
Stimulate bone formation. Inhibits or reverses dental caries
Component of hormone thyroxine, which controls metabolism
Hemoglobin formation, improves blood quality. Increases resistance to stress and disease
Acid/alkaline balance. Important in metabolism of carbohydrates, minerals, and sugar.
Enzyme activation, carbohydrate and fat production. Sex hormone production. skeletal development
Functions as a cofactor for a limited number of enzymes in humans
bone development, important in protein, fat and carbohydrate utilization
Fluid balance, controls activity of heart muscle, nervous system, kidneys
Protects body tissues against oxidative damage from radiation, pollution, and normal metabolic processing
Involved in digestion and metabolism. Important in development of reproductive system. Aids in healing
Disorder of iron metabolism where large deposits of iron are made in the liver
Bacterial cultures that promote metabolic activity of good bacteria and inhibit bad bacteria. Well known source is yogurt
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Biomechanics and Applied Kinesiology
Movement screens/ACE FITNESS test (CPT)
ACE CPT Test
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