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Terms in this set (46)
How does the skin protect the body?
it protrcts the bines,organs and muscles from the outside environment
define sweat glands
Sweat glands help evaporate sweat, and enlarge blood vessels
Type of movable joints
Hinge,ball and socket, pivot
Functions of the skeletal system
Support, protection, body movement, and to contain bones as well as other structures
Outermost layer of the skin as only layer with contact to the outside world
Thick inner layer of skin that gives strength, nourishment, and flexibility
Largest organ of the body that covers your bones and organs
the innermost layer of skin that insulates the body, acts as a protective padding, and stores energy
Functions of the skin
are protection, temperature regulation, sensory responses, and excretions
Main functions of the muscle
Movement, stability, protection
Example of a voluntary muscle
Where are red blood cells produced?
Allows for rotation around the length of a bone, and only allows for rotation. Neck, lower arm, below elbow
ball and socket joint
spherical head of one bone fits into a round socket in another allows bones to rotate ; i.e. shoulder or hips.
Joint between bones (as at the elbow or knee) that permits motion in only one plane (to move back and forth); finger elbows
allows one bone to slide over another allows bone to move back and forth; found in wrist and ankles and spine
Functions of the muscular system
Movement, stability, protection and temperature regulation
Function of the skeletal system
Support, movement, protection, production and storage
Types of muscles
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
What attaches muscle to bone?
Layers of skin
Epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
Example of skin injuries
Bruises, burns, cuts
What organs in your body help with excretion
Your skin,bladder,intestines and lungs
Order of digestion
Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large Intestine, Rectum, Anus
Which structure produces a liquid called chyme to help with digestive process
Nutrients like calcium and Zinc are a?
Proteins are composed of substances called
source of protein
Red meat, eggs, beans and peanuts
Which type fat can cause heart disease if consumed in high quantities
Which organ in the digestive system absorbs the most water from food
A vessel that takes blood away from the heart
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
Part of the blood that makes up part of the immune system that protects body from illness
White blood cells
Define common cold
A contagious disease and a viral infection
Define non-infectious disease
A disease that can not pass from person to person
Causes of non infectious diseases
Genetics, smoking, obesity, and lack of exercise
Non infectious diseases
Cancer, cystic fibrosis, heart disease, and osteoporosis
Food or drinks that is heated to kill bacteria
Disease causing organism such as bacteria and viruses
Which is a first line defense in the immune system
Who is credited with improving cleanliness
How are diseases spread?
Through people, air, food, interactment
Infectionous diseases are caused by..
Pathogens, that cannot be spread from person to person
Who invented pasterisization?
Who discovered the relationship between cleanliness and the infection rate?
What are some characteristics of cancer?
Cells uncontrollably re producing. So when the chemo goes through it kills a ton of cells and people can easily die from chemo.
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