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THEOLOGY 2018 FINAL
Terms in this set (172)
If we do not make use of the graces we receive, then they profit little to nothing.
Keeping God's law in particular situations can be difficult, extremely difficult, but it is never impossible.
Saint Paul taught that the Ten Commandments are no longer binding on Christians.
All men are called to holiness, and will be judged the same, whether baptized or not.
Our Lord only taught a positive morality and did not focus on prohibitive laws.
It is possible to live a full Christian life without sanctifying grace.
The conscience must obey objective moral truths in order to not stray into error.
Human freedom, like a seed, can grow or die.
Human acts are not only "good" or "evil," they can also vary by degree of good or evil.
The personal rejection of the truth has no impact on one's conscience; only sin does.
The conscience, as the place where God speaks, is infallible.
Vincible ignorance exonerates a person from the culpability for their evil action.
Certain factors, such as stress, anxiety, and fear, can reduce the culpability of an action.
Civil and ecclesiastical law are the foundation for the order and beauty of the world.
Natural law is also referred to as "canon law."
All just civil laws must, in some manner, be derived from Ecclesiastical law.
If a civil law reflects the natural law and is based on Truth and goodness, it must be obeyed.
There are four "sources" of the morality of human acts.
The Church rejects the moral system known as situation ethics.
At least two of the sources of the morality of an act must be good for the act to be good.
The Fifth Commandment covers how we should treat animals, as well as man.
The Just War Doctrine requires that all diplomacy and non-violent options are first explored.
"Honor thy father and thy mother" is not actually a Commandment, but added later by the Church.
The 4th Commandment applies strictly to parents and does not extend to any other relations.
Modesty is an integral part of the Cardinal Virtue of Chastity.
The town is the basic social unit of society.
Colossians 5 highlights how marriage is a reflection of Christ's love for the Church.
The Church regards all sexual passions and attractions as intrinsically disordered.
The ability of the Church to dissolve a sacramental matrimonial bond demonstrates the powers it possesses from Christ.
The Church regards it as inappropriate to speak openly and casually about human sexuality.
Lust is only forbidden outside of marriage, as it is an integral part of the marital embrace.
Another name for "trial marriage" is "cohabitation."
Nothing sexual is permitted before, or outside of, the Sacrament of Matrimony.
Pornography is allowed if used by husband and wife as part of the marital act.
It is proper to say, "If you get an annulment, you can get married again."
"Withholding the truth" is the same thing as lying and never permissible.
The "universal destination of goods" is subordinate to the right to private property.
A good definition of theft is "unjustly taking another's possessions against his reasonable will."
The kind of morality that is dependent on the truth and not on personal opinion is known as _________________________________________ morality.
Freedom is oriented toward the ____________________________.
The moral law can be defined as "those standards of behavior established by _________________________ and taught by the _____________________________________________."
Our __________________________ value is determined by our actions.
Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition make up the _______________________ of Faith.
Our moral disposition is made permanent when __________________________________.
By choosing ________, our human freedom can diminish or die.
Jesus said, "If you continue in my word, you are truly my disciples, and you will know the____________________________, and the truth will make you _______________________."
When we sin, our conscience causes us to ___________________ the evil action we performed.
Only _____________________________ ignorance causes a person to remain innocent for an evil committed.
The proper explanation of free will is the "freedom to do what we ___________________."
The spiritual faculties of a man are his ___________________________ and _______________________.
The moral system that says an action is good or evil, based solely on whether good or evil flows from, is called __________________________________________.
All laws proceed from those laws which originate in ___________________.
The moral system that says the moral goodness of an action is determined by the particular circumstances is called ___________________________________________.
The kind of law that governs the inner life of the Church is called _____________________________ ________________________.
The ____________________________ of an act determines its objective moral goodness or evil.
The moral system of __________________________________ says that, so long as there is more good produces from an action than evil, the action is good.
"Murder" can be defined as the "deliberate killing of an _________________ human person."
Causing scandal can lead the person, or those scandalized, to a spiritual ____________________.
The Church, as we discussed in the notes, is _____________________ to utilize the death penalty.
The _______________________ is regarded as the "cell" of society.
The New Testament letter to the _______________________ speaks about God disciplining His children.
The two properties of matrimony are ____________________________ and ________________________.
The puritanical approach to sexuality ______________________ the mystery and sacredness of sexuality, while the self-centered approach _________________________ it.
The two inseparable purposes to marriage are ___________________ and ________________________.
Modesty is an integral part of the cardinal virtue of _______________________________.
The two lists of the Ten Commandments are from the books _______________________ and _______________________.
Our Lord said, "You will know the ___________________ and the _________________ will make you __________________.
truth, truth, free
"Dominion over the earth" is an exercise of ___________________________ over the goods of the earth, not of tyranny.
Which verse of which Chapter of which Book of Sacred Scripture reveals Our Lord's teaching that "If you love Me, you will keep My Commandments"?
What is "infused" into the soul at Baptism?
The Moral Law
What is the difference between "sanctifying grace" and "actual grace"?
Sanctifying is through the sacraments. Actual helps us perform good works.
What was the root of the temptation by which Satan induced Adam and Eve to fall?
The voice of Satan telling you to become your own God
Who said, ""For My yoke is easy, and My burden is light"?
The virtues of Our Lord are best exemplified in what moment of His life?
Can a "good intention" make an evil act morally good?
To be a virtuous person, is it enough to do good or does one need to deliberately choose the good?
needs to choose the good
What do we do if we are unclear about the moral quality of an action?
we must investigate before acting
Which law is innate to man, ordering him to goodness and harmony with God's laws and all just laws?
To what do the "Law of Grace," the "Law of love," and the "law of freedom" refer?
Eve's first sin was when she...
took from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil
The rejection of God's will causes which of the following to occur?
Corruption of intellect/will
Disordered passions and appetites
Choice for evil
Further disruption with God, man, self, creation
If you sin once, you are more likely to sin again.
Israel struggled constantly with sin. Which sin in particular? How did this sin often come about?
idolatry, intermarriage with pagan nations
The following is the definition for which theological term: "Aided by the Holy Spirit, the virtue by which we believe in God and all that He reveals through His Church."
The following is the definition for which theological term: "The virtue, by the grace of the Holy Spirit, by which we trust in God and place our happiness in Him alone, believing He will be true to His promises."
The following is the definition for which theological term: "The virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God."
The type of prayer that is a request of God for some favor is called...
The Church makes a distinction between "the Sabbath" and "Sunday."
On which day of the week did Our Lord rise from the dead?
What are the three conditions for a sin to be mortal?
It must be grave matter
Carried out with full knowledge
Performed with complete consent of the will
If one of the conditions for a mortal sin is not met, what is the gravity of the sin?
The following is an effect of which kind of sin: wounds charity
The following is an effect of which kind of sin: destroys charity in the soul
The following is an effect of which kind of sin: loss of merit/loss of increase of grace
The following is an effect of which kind of sin: loss of friendship with God
The following is an effect of which kind of sin: hell
The following is an effect of which kind of sin: dulls charity and zeal
Is mockery of the Blessed Virgin Mary forbidden under the Second Commandment?
Blasphemy is a sin against which Commandment?
Which of the following is not an effect of venial sin?
Lukewarmness in the Christian life
Dulls charity and zeal
Unaddressed...can lead to mortal sins through erosion of charity
What is meant by a "sin of omission"?
Sin by means of failure to commit a good act such as the failure to forgive someone who wronged us.
What is the name given to those sins which are related to things we fail to do?
sin of omission
"Attrition" is the same thing as...
Which of the following is not part of the definition of "perfect contrition"?
Perfect contrition- Sorrow for sin because you have offended God, not because you fear hell
Type the word whose definition is "the disorder of human appetites and desires as a consequence of Original Sin."
What are the three things ("sources") upon which the morality of human acts depends?
Pope Ven. Pius XII said that which of the following was the "sin of the century"?
the loss of the meaning of sin
Which kind of cooperation with evil involves the will?
Which kind of Formal Cooperation with evil is allowed in some situations?
Which kind of Material Cooperation with evil is allowed under the rules of the Principle of Double Effect?
mediate material cooperation
What does the word ignorance mean?
Lack of information/knowledge, innocent
What does the word culpable mean?
What is the word for "a personal appeal that a particular action, which one has been ordered to perform, goes against one's conscience"?
Is a person required to determine the moral rectitude of an act before acting on a doubtful conscience?
Determining whether an act is good or evil based only on the circumstances is called...
"An act is moral if more people are benefitted than are harmed," is an example of what ethical approach?
What is meant by the "end" of an action?
the goal of the action
Which aspect of a human act cannot change the moral quality of the act, but can only increase or diminish the person's responsibility?
What is the difference between the Particular and Universal Judgment?
Particular is individual and happens right after one's death
Universal is at the end of the world and everyone is there
Is Purgatory painful?
Who excludes the souls in Hell from the presence of God?
Can a soul go to Hell for one unrepented mortal sin?
Which of the following is NOT a Precept of the Church?
Mass on Sundays and HDO and rest from servile labor
Confess sins at least once a year
Receive the Eucharist at least during Easter Season
Fast and abstain as required
Help provide for the needs of the Church
To deny that one needs to repent due to the expectation that God must forgive the person is an example of...
Spiritual sloth or acedia
Two circumstances when vows are taken are
Oaths are only taken in matters related to...
What kind of "work" is forbidden on Sundays and Holy Days?
The term "decalogue" is used in reference to
the ten commandments
The obligation to avoid meat on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday is referred to as
precept of the church
An unjust law...
Does not reflect the natural as articulated by the Ten Commandments
Which is not a part of the definition of "law"?
An ordinance of reason
Existing for the common good
Made by those in legitimate authority
Legislated in an official manner
Which Book of the Bible speaks at length about the fact that all authority comes from God and we must, therefore, obey legitimate authority?
What is a simple way to explain "subsidiarity"?
Not interfering with a family's decisions without grave cause
Which of the following is NOT a consequence of the fact that "all authority comes from God"?
Definition of it: All laws proceed from those which originate in God and these laws derive from the 10 Commandments.
The family is likened to what "bodily aspect" of society?
Which Book of the Bible speaks at length about the blessings and rewards offered to those who always honor their parents and elders?
What kind of respect do we say that children owe their parents?
Where in the Bible do we find the verse that states, "We must obey God rather than men"?
Which of the following should govern one's life?
What is Lumen Gentium?
Meaning "light to the nations (people)", one of the principle documents of the Second Vatican Council promulgated by Pope John Paul VI
Which of the following is a document by Pope John Paul II in 1993 which dealt with the Church's moral teachings?
What is the Biblical term that means "happiness or blessedness, especially the happiness of Heaven"?
If someone had an "amoral" disposition, it would mean that they...
Have a sinful disposition or one that doesn't align with God's law.
Can the term "Disciple" refer to one of the Twelve, or is the term "Apostle" singularly used for that purpose?
Is it true that the moral law imposes obligations on the conscience of every person?
The term "Sacred Tradition" comes from the Latin word which means...
"To hand on"
The New Law ushered in by Christ is called...
What is the term used for the eternal happiness of God, the greatest human desire?
Where is this statement recorded in the Bible? "We must obey God rather than men."
What are the three duties of parents to their children, according to Saint Paul?
Fairness and understanding
Instruction in the Faith
Under what circumstances is In-Vitro Fertilization permissible?
Is it best to say "Just War Doctrine" or "Just War Theory"?
just war doctrine
What does the word "reticent" mean?
Not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily
How often should the state resort to capital punishment?
as a last resort
What does the Just War Doctrine help determine?
if a war is just
Is direct sterilization ever allowed?
Who said, "Love one another as I have loved you"?
What are the five principles of the Just War Doctrine
Probability of victory
No violence against civilians
What is awakened when modesty is taught to children and adolescents?
Consciousness of being a subject
Respect for other humans
Adultery and polygamy are sins against which "property of marriage"?
the exclusive property of marriage
What is a "near occasion of sin"?
A situation in which you know that you will be tempted and can't resist
The Sixth and Ninth Commandments highlight the fact that man is called to what sort of personal strengths and virtues?
Self-mastery, purity, and chastity
Which requires strength and courage
Is this a true statement?
"The truth of the matter is that every sexual expression, every moment of sexual pleasure, and even every sexual thought or desire must be reserved for the loving embrace of husband and wife."
When is it okay to use "discreet language" regarding a request for the truth about a certain matter?
The good and safety of others
Respect for privacy
How does Christ begin His authoritative statements, with regard to the concept of "truth"? How is St. John's Gospel slightly different in this matter?
Truly I say to you
Double truly (Truly Truly I say to you)
What makes one lie graver than another?
Nature or object of the lie
Harm suffered (effects)
What are the four considerations used to determine the gravity of a lie?
Nature or object of the lie
Harm suffered (effects)
What are the essential aspects needed for the application of the Principle of Double Effect?
The action itself must be good
The agent must have the right intention
The good action must be the means of the good effect
The good effect must be proportional to the evil effect
What are five ways in which the conscience may become blinded?
Love for evil
Refusal to learn/hear the Truth
Describe the three major qualities of a Moral Act.
Acts that are choices between good and evil, or between degrees of goodness
Acts involving deliberation (premeditation) and freely chosen
Acts with a moral content/value
What are the sources from which we get our teachings concerning Morality?
Write, in order, the Ten Commandments.
1. I am the Lord your God. You shall not have strange Gods before me.
2. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.
3. Remember to keep holy the Lord's Day.
4. Honor your father and your mother.
5. You shall not kill.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
9. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.
10. You shall not covet your neighbor's goods.
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