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Chapter 13: Civil Engineering
Terms in this set (40)
The design and construction of public works projects or other large construction projects.
An arrangement of parts built to remain stable while withstanding forces.
The forces a structure must withstand.
The weight of the structure itself and weight added to the structure under normal use.
A sudden impact on the structure.
Structures that can oppose external forces and can transfer the load throughout the structure.
A crushing force down the axis of a material that presses it together, resulting in shortened material.
A pulling force that tends to stretch a material.
Forces that act in opposite directions across a material.
A turning force that is applied to a material or structure.
Force that causes a structure to sag when placed in the middle of it.
The structural members that transmit loads to columns
A beam that is designed to resist bending as people walk across a floor.
Vertical structural members.
Structural members that are used to provide structural stability
Braces that resist compression.
Braces that resist tension.
The device that connects two or more structural members together.
To ensure the structure has sufficient strength and is as efficient as possible.
The study of forces and motion on physical objects
The analysis of loads on objects at rest or in equilibrium
The study of forces that cause motion on physical objects
Used in number of civil engineering structures from supports for roofs to bridges.
Free Body Diagram
A simple drawing that includes three components: the structural members and joints, the supports, and the loads or forces that are applied.
The main vertical columns that transfer the load of the bridge into the ground.
The structural components that connect the bridge to the ground at the ends of the bridge.
The horizontal structure that enables transportation across the bridge.
The simplest type of bridge and are used to span the shortest distances.
Type of bridge that uses a truss, which allows for the load to be spread out through all of the structural members in the truss.
A type of beam bridge that can span greater distances than a simple beam bridge and often includes trusses in the framework.
Type of bridge that relies on the strength and rigidity of the arch.
World's longest type of bridges, which utilize tension forces.
Columns and beams used to build a structure, called a skeleton.
Reinforced concrete shaft at the center of the building
Type of engineering usually associated with civil engineering, involves determining the location of objects on the earth.
Process of taking and using measurements to determine the exact size and shape of a piece of land.
Surveying instrument designed to measure both distance and angles.
Electronic Distance Meter (EDM)
Part of the total station, emitting infrared light.
Total Robotic Station
Tracks the survey rod and calculates the distance and angle without the need of the surveyor standing at the station.
US Army Corps of Engineers
Largest employer of civil, structural, and architectural engineers, as well as land surveyors. This organization is responsible for building military and civil works throughout the United States and the world.
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