Upgrade to remove ads
Instructional strategies- Spanish National Board Component 1
Terms in this set (18)
TPRS (Blaine Ray, late 1980's)
Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling
TPRS (Blaine Ray)
-based on research
-has strategies that provide engaging repition
-no more than 3 Target Language Structures (TLS) for every 60-90 mins of instruction
TLS (Target Language Structure) (Part of TPRS)
any word,phrase, sentence that naturally occurs in written/spoken communication. Complexity dependent upon age & level of the learner.
TPRS Vocabulary introduction strategies
-Write structure in TL, write meaning in different color
-verbally tell meaning, explain contexts
-use props & realia
-use skits & re-enactments
-attach a specific gesture (TPR)
-use video/tech for Ss to create their own image of structure
Personalized Questions and Answers (TPRS)
level-appropriate questions that are personally relevant to specific learner (or learner groups) and that revolve around the Target Language Structure
"Circling" questions (TPRS)
Differentiated questions woven through PQs (Personalized Questions) during TPRS. Asking Qs that progress from low level to higher level.
Story-asking (TPRS method)
interactive process where T leads Ss through a story creation process by asking countless Qs that revolve around the TLS. Engages Ss by involving them in the story creation.
Use L1 to tell Ss meaning of a word. Used often at first and then occasionally as Ss progress when they encounter a new word
3 Steps of Teaching with TPRS
1) Pick target words and establish their meanings
2) Tell a story using target words
3) Give Ss a reading using target words
Staying in-bounds (TPRS teacher mental technique)
never allow an L2 word to be vague or open for guessing. Ss must understand every word in an expression.
Comprehension Checks (TPRS)
Questions that make sure Ss & T are on same page.
barometer student (TPRS)
most challenging student in class. Use this S to pace the class for comprehension checks. Only move on when Barometer comprehends
Parking technique (TPRS)
temporarily stop instruction & review/teach vocabulary. Ts park after 1-2 sentences & review target words.
Personalizing technique (TPRS)
Class answers questions to help create the story.
pop-up grammar technique (TPRS)
Teach 5 seconds of grammar as you encounter it in the context of a story. (ex: "la" is for females, and "el" is for males. Then move on.)
Bridging technique (TPRS)
Including preciously learned words for review and to cement their understanding. Putting old & new words side by side.
Enriching technique (TPRS)
After reading, ask kids about their similar experiences. Personalize the story. Ask about moral lessons, cultural insights, etc. Makes the lesson memorable by being personal.
Free Voluntary Reading (Krashen)
Students read what they want with no accountability. Krashen is advocate of FVR.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Spanish Geographical variations- National board co…
Phonological Systems- Spanish National Board Compo…
Language Acquisition theories/research- Spanish Na…
Cultural Values- Spanish National Board Component 1
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Reading and Language Arts
Praxis 5039 Classroom Strategies, Language Learnin…
Domain 5: Comprehension (D)
RICA: Domain 4
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
ACTFL stuff extra knowledge- Spanish National Boar…
Bloom's Taxonomy- Spanish National Board Component…
Competencies and Discourse Features- Spanish Natio…
Learner Characteristics & Learning Styles- Spanish…