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earth s sol
Terms in this set (44)
Scientists use the rock cycle to describe the processes by which
one type of rock can be changed into another type of rock
The topographic map that may show a hill with a volcanic crater is
Which mineral is easily identified by smell?
What element is the main component of most stars?
Which of these is important in the formation of clouds?
The cooling of air as it rises
What property is shared by many gemstones, such as diamonds, rubies, sapphires, emeralds, and topaz?
What is the approximate percentage of the Earth that is illuminated by the sun at any given time?
About 2.0 billion years ago, complex organisms began to inhabit Earth. These complex organisms developed primarily because of -
changes in atmospheric gases
All of the following supports the theory of continental drift except that -
the North Pole and Antarctica are covered with ice
The sketch above shows a seismogram, which is a record of the primary waves and secondary waves emitted by an earthquake. Primary waves and secondary waves are generated at the same time, but primary waves are recorded first because they -
These minerals may be grouped together because they all have -
the oxygen ion
According to the graph above, a piece of timber containing one-eighth of the amount of carbon-14 that is found in a living tree died about how many years ago?
The picture shows an infrared composite of the Earth as seen by a weather satellite system. What does the dark shaded area on this map represent?
Rock layers tell a story about their past. What is the basic assumption that is made when reading this story?
The processes in the rock cycle were the same
in the past as they are today.
Which mineral is most likely an ingredient used in baby powder?
The diagram shows the distribution of different fossils. During what geologic time period would they have existed together?
Of these igneous rocks, which would contain the largest crystals?
Which was the first object made by humans to orbit Earth?
What appears to have occurred at the area labeled B?
Sediment was deposited on level ground that later tilted.
The accumulated salts in seawater make the seawater much more dense than fresh water. One of the characteristics of salt water is that it has -
a lower freezing point than fresh water
A student hypothesizes that a sample of rock formed from ocean sediments. Which would best help the student support this hypothesis?
Clam shells found within the rock sample
In which type of rock are fossils most likely to be found?
Under which condition would a lowering of the water table most likely occur?
Extended drought over the recharge zone
A star might be much brighter than it appears to be. This is called the star's absolute magnitude. The difference in apparent magnitude and absolute magnitude is due primarily to the star's -
distance from the Earth
Which recent geologic processes commonly occur in the Coastal Plain region of Virginia?
Erosion and deposition
Which natural process is the main cause of the ocean currents shown?
Which planet is often called "Earth's twin" because it is similar in mass and diameter to the Earth?
Periodically, there are spectacular meteor showers on Earth. These showers usually occur because the Earth's orbit passes through the remains of -
the following major earthquakes did not occur at a boundary between tectonic plates?
South Carolina (U.S.A.) 1886
If there were a slight increase in the amount of solar energy that reached the Earth, there would be an immediate increase in -
In the illustration shown, which layer is an example of an intrusion?
The presence of many metamorphic rocks in Virginia is an indication that the area has been subjected to -
intense heat and pressure
The canyon shown in the picture was most likely formed by -
Which of these pieces of basalt rock has probably been in a river the longest?
A heart shape rock
Photographs of the surface of Mars reveal the presence of sand dunes that shift over time. These dunes demonstrate the presence of what phenomenon on Mars?
Which sequence best describes the construction of a delta from the youngest formation to the oldest formation?
C(small shade coming out)-A(the shade is getting a lit bigger)-D(a lot bigger then before)-B(its erupted)
The map shows some of the bedrock in Virginia. Which of these has the oldest exposed bedrock?
Which planet has the shortest day?
On clear nights in late summer and early fall in the Shenandoah Valley, why does ground fog form in the low areas near the Shenandoah River?
Cool, descending air meets moist air
in the low areas near the river.
Approximately 99.7% of all water on Earth is found in oceans, seas, ice, and the atmosphere. Based on this information, which statement is most accurate?
Less than 0.3% of Earth's water is drinkable.
Sometimes metamorphic rock is found adjacent to an igneous intrusion, as shown in the drawing. According to geologists, what causes this phenomenon?
The surrounding rock was metamorphosed when it came
into contact with the hot magma.
What appears to have occurred at the area labeled B(it has dots and its 8 layers down)?
Sediment was deposited on level ground that later tilted.
Which of these energy sources originates from a nonrenewable resource?
When the Earth is at its greatest distance from the sun, its Northern Hemisphere is tilted toward the sun, as shown in the drawing. What season takes place in the Southern Hemisphere at this time?
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