a thing that has been manufactured or intentionally modified for some use. Prehistoric stone tools and pots are examples of artifacts.
a person who studies the systematic study of the material remains of human behavior in the past. Archaeologists reconstruct the prehistory and early history of societies and their cultures through an examination and interpretation of such things as house foundations, broken tools, and food refuse.
concentrate on the ancient civilizations of the Middle East and the Mediterranean world (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, and related peoples).
work on recovering the unrecorded aspects of life in historically more modern societies such as colonial America.
focus their attention on the more ancient pre-literate societies around the world including those of most early North American Indians.
discover and excavate ancient shipwrecks and submerged cities.
analyze and interpret the animal remains found in archaeological sites.