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Economies of Scale

Output can be doubled for less than doubling the cost ie. Rice in the south


What a society produces above and beyond it's subsistence requirement


A tax on imports


A factor of production like a shovel, tractor, or factory. Money is also referred to as capital since it is capable of buying factor of production


Economic and social structure, pre-capitalism, roles by birthright ie. serfs and lords, little growth and very little social mobility and making a profit is illegal


Economic system after Feudalism that is baby merchant capitalism, significant growth and more social mobility, make profit were essential parts

Excise Tax

Sales taxes on certain goods, ei. alcohol or tabacco

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