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Terms in this set (17)
What was the mood of the followers of Jesus who were gathered in the upper room at Pentecost? Why is this significant?
The mood of the followers of Jesus gathered in the upper room at Pentecost was fearful over what was happening. However, after Pentecost, they were public and proclaiming the Good News, This is significant because it shows that even the followers of Christ had doubts and were fearful of the unknown, but through God, we can overcome our fears. Shows the Holy Spirit is driving force behind the Church
To what group did Paul originally belong? How did he treat Christians then?
Paul was originally a Pharisee and a devout Jew. He persecuted Christians
Where did Paul stand trial and why was he sent there instead of standing trial where he was?
Rome because he was a Roman citizen
What was the reason for the Council of Jerusalem to be called?
The Council of Jerusalem met to answer the question of do you have to be Jewish (circumcised) to be Christian (do you have to follow Jewish law)? At the Council, the apostles and presbyters gathered to discuss the welcoming matter of the Gentiles into the Church. Peter stood up and noted that the Gentile converts also had the Holy Spirit. The Apostles James said that the Gentiles should not follow Jewish Law, but only observe basic regulations: follow diet and marriage laws. The whole church agreed and they sent out a letter to the Gentiles. Peter said that all people are blessed w the same grace from JC+ barnabas and paul told of wonderful things God id
What was decided at the Council of Jerusalem, and what changed about the church after the conclusion of that Council?
The Council of Jerusalem addressed if you had to be Jewish/circumcised to be Christian. They eventually decided that you do not need to be circumcised to be Christian, which expanded those accepted into the Church. Christianity becomes its own religion without Jewish additions.
What were the common languages of the eastern and Western Churches?
In the Western Church, they spoke Latin. In the Eastern Church, they spoke Greek.
What did Charlemagne believe about the relationship between himself and the Church Leaders?
Charlemagne believed that he ruled in God's name and had the authority to influence the Church. set up so priests could choose bishops and monks/nuns could choose abbott; new rules and education for clergy; laws against heresy; Baptism or death for those conquered; new diocese and assigned new bishops (bishops became powerful); brought enlightenment to West; he appointed educated men (priests, monks, bishops) to government positions; empire did not endure
Why was Charlemagne called the "second Constantine"?
Charlemagne was called the "Second Constantine" because he formed all of Western Europe into one family of faith and created a Christian Empire
What were the events leading up to the Crusades?
In 1071, the Seljuk Turks conquered Jerusalem and prevented Christians from visiting, destroyed Churches, killed Christians/Muslims. Eventually persecution stopped, but the area remained dangerous and a few years later, they attack Constantinople. The Eastern Empire then asks the West for help
Name the main factors that led to the Protestant Reformation
-Indulgences, the abandonment of Rome by the Popes, the rise of nationalism, the black death, the decline of latin, and the corruption of the church
-Humanism and people were questioning church authority
What did Luther believe that the Pope would do if he knew how the selling of indulgences was being carried out?
He believed the pope would condemn the practice; he would be upset and he would have to fix it
What were the principal teachings of Vatican Council I?
Pope Pius IX called it talked about beliefs that came about during Enlightenment (rationalism, secularism, etc.). Dei Filius set forth the Church's teachings on the relationship between faith and reason and emphasized that there can be no conflict between the two. It also talked about Pastor Aeternus which discussed papal primacy and infallibility. Papal infallibility-- when the pope is teaching something on the matters of faith and morals, we believe he teaches without error
What did Jesuit missionaries to China do with the standard Roman Catholic texts?
Jesuit missionaries to China translated Western texts on science into Chinese and wrote books about Christianity in a way that would appeal to Chinese scholars. Soon the liturgy was offered in Chinese rather than Latin
Why is Pope Pius IX considered the first modern pope?
Pope Pius IX is considered the first modern pope because he was the 1st pope to solely be a moral and spiritual leader of the Church rather than both head of the Church and Ruler of large nation, the Papal states
Who was the first U.S. Catholic bishop, and what was significant about his installment to that position?
The first U.S. Catholic bishop was John Carroll. This was significant because most countries did not trust America to have a bishop because it it would cause suspicion about their loyalty. Carroll worked to establish order because many parishes had been running their own affairs and expected to continue to do so
Why is Pope Paul VI known as an advocate of Ecumenism?
He kept ecumenism as a Catholic priority. He was the first modern pontiff to receive and embrace the Orthodox Ecumenial Patriarch. He saw the second Vatican Council as an ecumenical council but still followed the council's will, for example by reforming Roman liturgy. One pope who finished vatican council and pushed for communication between the churches
Name the significant changes to the Liturgy that were adopted by Vatican II.
The church itself may look different with design and layout, Sunday masses begin with an entrance procession, We all sing the Entrance Chant in vernacular, the people and altar servers respond to the prayers of the priest, stand to receive the Eucharist
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