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road to revolution and america secedes from the empire

Samuel Adams

*Hosted Boston tea Party
*Sent by Massachusetts to the First Continental Congress of 1774.
*Signed the Declaration of Independence
*Served in Congress until 1781

Quebec Act

After the French and Indian War, the English had claim the Quebec Region, a French speaking colony. Because of the cultural difference, English had a dilemma on what to do with the region. The Quebec Act, passed in 1774, allow the French Colonist to go back freely to their own customs. The colonists have the right to have access to the Catholic religion freely. Also, it extended to Quebec Region north and south into the Ohio River Valley. This act created more tension between the colonists and the British which lead to the American Revolution.

First continental Congress

in Philadelphia; it was the American's response to the Intolerable Acts; considered ways of redressing colonial grievances; all colonies except Georgia sent 55 distinguished men in all; John Adams persuaded his colleagues toward revolution; they wrote a Declaration of Rights and appeals to British American colonies, the king, and British people; created the Association which called for a complete boycott of English goods; the Association(boycotted British goods); as time wore on, the petitions were rejected; created a pathway to revolution

Marquis de lafayette

French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution (1757-1834)
-greatly helped the Americans and later returned to his country for the French Revolution

Lord Dunmore's Decree

A royal govenor of Virginia in 1775 who issued a proclamation promising freedom for any enslave black who joined the British army.
-A way for some blacks to gain freedom by joining the British Army.

Second continental congress

-met in Philadelphia (all 13 colonies) to fight for the grievances.
-appeals were rebuffed and so they decided to make money to raise an army.
*This meeting was another try to reason with the king of england

Olive Branch Petition

In July 1775, Professed American loyalty to the crown and begged the King from making further hostilities. After Bunker Hill, the hope of reconciliation was over.
-This was a last attempt to make peace with King George.

Thomas Paine

Revolutionary leader who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense (1776) arguing for American independence from Britain.
-Became a best selling revolutionist and sold 120,000 copies
* Pamphlet greatly encouraged the revolutionary effort.

Thomas Jefferson

A Virginian lawyer and writer who wrote the Declaration of Independence.
-This document was very influential and was like none seen before.

Declaration of Independence

document written by Thomas Jefferson that outlined the reasons for independence and explained the grievances against King George.
-Document that declared Independence from Britain


people who were loyal to the British King. Alot of the elite class was loyal and also several Anglicans and British officials.
-The loyalist provided another side of the American Revolution.

Benedict Arnold

general from Connecticut during American Revolution war.
-considered a hero in Saratoga, New York, and Quebec.
-1780 helped British seize control of west point.
-Traitor, fought against Americans and became an officer in London.
*remembered as a traitor in the American Revolution

Joseph Brant

-Mohawk chief
-christian missionary
_became Anglican
-Fought along side the British in the last French and Indian War.
-Also led 4 of 6 Iroquois Nations on British Side in American Revolution
- Later granted land in Canada and continued his work
*Indian chief who helped the British in the Revolution.

Treaty of Paris

this ended the Revolutionary war and made the British surrender
this clarified territory of the United States
*treaty ended the American Revolutionary war.

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