World History - Chapter 7

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Terms in this set (...)

Mauryan Empire
321 B.C.; conquered Nanda King; conquered Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great's generals, to unite Northern India
Asoka
Grandson of Chandragupta, brought the Mauryan Empire to its greatest heights; promotes Buddhism
religious toleration
acceptance of people who hold different beliefs
Tamil
language spoken in southern India
Gupta Empire
2nd empire; oversaw a great flowering of Indian civilization and Hindu culture
patriarchal
family headed by the eldest male
matriarchal
family headed by the mother; property passed through the female line
Mahayana
followed "new doctrine" and changes in Buddhism
Theravada
followed the original stricter teachings of Buddhism
Brahma
Hindu god; creator of the world
Vishnu
Hindu god; preserver of the world
Shiva
Hindu god; destroyer of the world
Kalidasa
Indian writer; wrote play "Shakuntala"; young girl who marries a king; a curse causes them to not recognized each other when they meet after being separated for a time
Silk Roads
caravan routes traders used to transport silk and other goods from China to Western Asia and on to Rome
Han Dynasty
ruled China for 400 years
centralized government
central authority controls the running of a state
civil service
government jobs the civilians obtained by taking exams
monopoly
a group has exclusive control over the production and distribution of certain goods
assimilation
the process of making conquered people part of the Chinese culture.

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