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4 terms

Forms of Government

STUDY
PLAY
Monarchy
-state ruled by a king
-rule is hereditary
-Some rulers claim divine right
-Practiced in Mycenae by 2000 B.C
Aristocracy
-State ruled by nobility
-Rule is hereditary and based on family ties, social rank, wealth
-Social status and wealth support rulers' authority
-Practiced in Athens prior to 594 B.C
Oligarchy
-State ruled by a small group of citizens
-Rule is based on wealth or ability
-Ruling group controls military
-Practiced in Sparta by 500 B.C
Direct Democracy
-State Ruled by its citizens
-Rule based on citizenship
-Majority rule decides vote
-Practiced in Athens by about 500 B.C