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Government Exam - Chapters 11-14
Terms in this set (90)
The lawmaking function of Congress is central to democracy because
it is the means by which the public will becomes public policy.
In Congress, screening bills for floor consideration is a major duty of
The regular period of time during which Congress conducts its business is called a
The House may refuse to seat a member-elect only if he or she
does not meet constitutional standards of age, citizenship, and residency
The number of Senate seats held by each state is
fixed by the Constitution
The Framers of the Constitution favored bicameralism because
it allowed for fair and equal representation of the states at the national level
Which of the following is required of candidates for the House of Representatives due to longstanding custom?
must currently reside in the district he or she represents
On the average, which group of people occupy the majority of seats in Congress?
white, middle-aged men
When must congressional elections be held?
the Tuesday after the first Monday in November of each even-numbered year
Senators are elected to serve
six year terms
In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court
upheld the doctrine of implied powers
The Supreme Court ruling in Gibbons v. Ogden expanded the
commerce power to include all commercial interactions
According to the Constitution, who has the sole power to impeach the President?
The House of Representatives
Which of the following is an example of the investigatory powers of Congress?
gathering information useful in making legislative decisions
All of the following expressed powers belong to Congress EXCEPT
the power to tax exports
Under the Constitution, Congress has the sole power to
Why did the Framers include the Necessary and Proper Clause in the Constitution?
to empower Congress to pass laws needed to carry out the expressed powers
In order to bring charges against the President or Vice President for misconduct in office, the House of Representatives is given
the power to impeach
The implied powers doctrine, upheld in McCulloc v. Maryland, gives Congress the power to do
anything reasonably related to carryout out the expressed powers
Congress shares foreign relations power with the
The main reason that Congress creates committees is to
divide the workload
Which of the following is a way a bill can become a law without the President's signature?
The President fails to act on the bill within 10 days of receiving it while Congress is in session
How and when bills reach the floor of the House is decided by the
Committee chairpersons usually are chosen
on the basis of seniority
Bills are introduced in the Senate by
In the Vice President's absence, the presiding officer of the Senate is the
president pro tempore
The main way to end a filibuster is by
invoking the Cloture Rule
The president pro tempore
serves in the absence of the Vice President of the United States
Most measures introduced in the House die at which of these steps?
The purpose of a filibuster is to
prevent action on a bill
In the case the President is disabled, the way the Vice President becomes President is determined by the
According to the Constitution, the President must
be at least 35 years of age
As of January 20, 2001, the President receives a yearly salary of
The electoral system broke down in the election of 1800 because of the
rise of political parites
If an incumbent President is seeking another term in office, who will his party likely nominate?
A President can serve no more than ___________ years in office
According to the Presidential Succession Act of 1947, which of these officers follows the Vice President in the line of presidential succession?
Speaker of the House
The order of succession to the presidency after the Vice President is determined by the
Presidential Succession Act
A formal duty assigned to the Vice President by the Constitution is to
preside over the Senate
One of the major flaws in the electoral college system is that
the winner of the popular vote is not guaranteed the presidency
The president's military powers
are shared with Congress
Which of the following gives the President the power to issue executive orders?
congressional acts and the Constitution
Presidents who have been considered stronger and more effective leaders have viewed the presidency as
what Theodore Roosevelt called a "stewardship."
In essence, the ordinance power gives the President the right to
The difference between a treaty and an executive agreement is that
the President needs Senate approval for a treaty but not for an executive agreement
Upon receipt of a bill, the President can take all of the following actions EXCEPT
call upon a special session of congressional committees to revise the bill
The President's power to execute the law covers
all federal laws, whether or note the President agrees with them
The power to issue executive orders is the
Treaties can be
declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, made with the Senate's consent, repealed by Congress
A President can use armed forces abroad
at his or her own discression
The Federal Government is considered a bureaucracy primarily because it
is a complex system of organization based on certain principles
In the executive branch, the title of department is reserved for
agencies of Cabinet rank
Which of the following is an example of an independent agency
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
The civil service system was finally established because of
President Garfield's assassination by an angry office seeker
The civil service was created partly to ensure that federal employees
are promoted based on merit
Which of the following was one of the original executive departments set up by Congress
Department of Treasury
The MAIN goal of the civil service is to
recruit and keep the best available people in the federal work force
The members of the President's Cabinet, after being appointed by the President, are then subject to
Which of the following is NOT one of the principles upon which all bureaucracies are organized
Some independent agencies are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in that they
have certain powers, given to them by Congress, to make laws and rule on conflicts
Which of the following federal courts exercises both original and appellate jurisdiction
the Supreme Court
Which federal court as original jurisdiction over MOST cases heard in federal court
Most importantly, the Supreme Court is called the High Court because it is the
last court in which federal questions can be decided
The term of office for constitutional court judges is determined by
The Supreme Court's decision in Marbury v. Madison
established the Court's power of judicial reivew
The MOST IMPORTANT reason why the United States needed a national court system was that
each State was interpreting laws for itself
Jurisdiction DIRECTLY limits
which court may decide a case
The court that first hears a case is said to have
The list of cases to be heard by a court is called a
Which of the following could be the subject of a criminal case tried in federal court?
Which Supreme Court case dealt with the rights of the accused right to counsel?
Gideon v. Wainwright
Gideon v. Wainwright reversed the decision of which state court?
In the Supreme Court case Miranda v. Arizona, the Court based their ruling on which amendment?
Which Supreme Court case dealt with the illegal possession of obscene material that was obtained without a search warrent
Mapp v. Ohio
Which Supreme Court case dealt with the President claiming the taping of his conversations were his private property?
Nixon v. United States
In Nixon v. United States, the president claimed his right to
Which Supreme Court case dealt with students reciting a prayer before each school day?
Engel v. Vitale
The protection of which amendment was in question in the Supreme Court case of Engel v. Vitale
Which Supreme Court case dealt with publication of certain items would endanger the security of the United States?
New York Times v. United States
Which Supreme Court case dealt with the death sentence being accepted by the court?
Gregg v. Georgia
In the Supreme Court case Gregg v. Georgia, the plaintiff challenged his sentence based on which amendments?
8th and 14th
Which Supreme Court case dealt with a Texas sate law that prohibited an abortion?
Roe v. Wade
Which Supreme Court case dealt with the burning of the American flag as "symbolic speech?"
Texas v. Johnson
Which amendment protects the burning of the American flag as "symbolic speech?"
Explain why the Brown v. Board of Education decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision when both rulings were based on the 14th Amendment.
Plessy v. Ferguson was based on segregation and stated that as long as African Americans were being treated equally, it would be okay for them to be separated (school, bathrooms, water fountains, etc). Brown v. Education addresses the fact that even though people were being separated in America based on race, they were definitely not equal. Brown v. Education stated that for everyone to have equal protection under the law, it is impossible for them to be separated, and they must all be one.
Discuss the various steps of how a bill becomes law at the federal level of government in the United States?
A bill must first start out as an idea, then that idea must be put into words. After that, any representative can take the bill to congress. The bill must then make it through the department that it started in, then go through the other one, then back to the other one without being turned down. If it can make it that far, the governor/president can sign/veto the bill, and if he/she signs it, it becomes a law. Any congressman can introduce it. After committee, it goes to the floor. It's voted on. Then it goes to the other house. The process repeats. Then back to the original house to make sure that it's still the same. If something is changed, it goes to conference committee and they fix it. Then they vote again. Then it goes to president where he can sign, pocket veto, veto, whatever.
Explain why the 25th Amendment was added to the Constitution and explain the provisions of the 25th Amendment.
The 25th Amendment was added because was created after the assassination of JFK and addresses who becomes president when the office suddenly becomes vacant. It states that when the vice president becomes the new president, he/she must nominate a new vice president. Whenever there is a vacancy in the vice president office, the president shall nominate a new vice president. It answers all of the "what-if" questions officially. It also explains what happens to the vice president and explains what happens to the vice president.
Explain the ways in which a president can organize his white house staff and identify which presidents used the different types of organization.
There are hierarchical, circular/competitive, and adhock. Advantages to hierarchical are there is a clear order and there is a flow of information, a disadvantage is that you distance yourself from the people who are working for you (ex. Nixon).
With circular, everyone is equal and a lot of information can be spread around. This creates turmoil because they are constantly competing with one another (ex. Raegan).
With Adhock, if a matter comes up, the president will make a committee completely based around that. It allows for a lot of information, but sometimes it is too much information.
What are the provisions of the War Power Resolution of 1973?
It requires the president to notify Congress within 48 hours of sending armed forces to military action. It also forbids them to remain more than 60 days (after those 60 days he must tell them what his plan is). If congress does not agree with any of this, they can cut the funding and stop the mission or whatever. This is only when the president does this without congressional approval.
List the various "pathologies" of bureaucratic agencies and explain the roots of these pathologies in the case of public bureaucracies.
There is red tape, conflict, duplication, imperialism, and waste. Red tape is complex rules that make things harder to get done, conflict is when some agencies work against other agencies, duplication is when two agencies do basically the same thing, imperialism is the tendency of agencies to grow without the regard to the program's benefits, and waste is when an agency spends more than is necessary to buy something.
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