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Chapter 5 Section 1 Terms & People
Terms in this set (13)
a traditional story about gods and heroes. Example: Zeus is the top Greek god in the myth Jason and the Argonauts.
It is a sacred shrine or holy place the Greeks visited to learn about their future. At the Oracle a priest or priestess spoke for a god or goddess. The person giving the prediction is also at times called an Oracle. A famous Oracle is at Delphi in Greece.
An epic is a long poem about heroic deeds. Epics were the Greeks earliest stories. Two great Greek epics were the Iliad and the Odyssey.
a short story that teaches a lesson. I am sure most of you have heard the fable of the Tortoise and the Hare. This fable was written by a Greek slave named Aesop around 550B.C. The lesson in the Tortoise and the Hare was steady wins the race. This means to keep your eyes on your goal and not to give up when the times get tough.
Aesop's fables were a part of Greece's oral tradition. People spread these fables by word of mouth until they were finally written down and spread all over the world.
Drama is a story told by actors who pretend to be characters in the story.
a person struggling to overcome difficulties but fails. (Bad ending!) Early Greek tragedies presented people in a struggle against their fate. Later Greek tragedies showed how a person's character flaws cause him or her to fail.
The story has a happy end.
a blind poet given credit for writing the Iliad and the Odyssey. Obviously someone had to write down the words from him as he was blind, but these epics came from him.
A Greek slave named Aesop around 550B.C. is given credit for writing Greek fables such as the Tortoise and the Hare. In most of Aesop's fables animals talk and act like people.
He wrote tragedies. He is best known for his group of three plays called the Oresteia. The moral of these plays was people should not seek revenge.
He was a general and a tragedy writer of plays. He developed drama even further as he had three actors in his plays whereas the earliest plays had only one actor who gave speeches and a chorus who sang songs to describe events. Sophocles also had painted scenes behind the stage as a backdrop.
He is famous for his plays Oedipus Rex, which is about a tragic figure in Greek mythology. In his play Antigone he asks the question "is it better to follow orders or to do what is right?"
A writer of tragedies after Sophocles tried to take Greek drama beyond heroes and gods. His characters were more down-to-earth. He wrote about how cruel war was, and how women and children were victims of war.
The best known Greek writer of comedies. He made fun of scholars and leading politicians. His comedies were to make people think and laugh. He also included jokes like in comedies on TV today.
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