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Helmut Kohl

"conquering hero of west germany" he was a clever politician who benefited from economic boom, became leader of all of germany supported by the christian democrats


Only man from socialist party to be elected as President of France. Tried and failed at taking more gov't ownership.


Soviet Dictator from 1964 to 1982; brought an end to the Dethawing of the Cold War, instituted his doctrine of intervention in Eastern Europe; invaded Afghanistan in 1979


Yugoslavian dictator that used Serbian nationalism to strengthen his position; he was imprisoned for crimes against humanity with his policy of "ethnic cleansing"


Czech dramatist and statesman whose plays opposed totalitarianism and who served as president of Czechoslovakia from 1989 to 1992 and president of the Czech Republic since 1993 (Lead the Writers Strike in 1967. Leader of Civic Forum.


selected as Hungarian leader after debates and inspiration from Poles, internal dissent was anti communist + bad econ made good atmosphere for revolt, declaration of freedom to quell rebellion on 11/1/56, promised free elections, Red Army (NK) invades 3 days later, replaced by Soviet Kadar


Hungarian leader, "communist with a capitalist facelift"; his economic reforms moved Hungary away from Soviet rule & established relations with the West. Replaced Nagy.


succeeded Brezhnev as leader of the Soviet Union, head of the KGB, wasnt able to make any significant changes. old and sick

Mao ze Dong

brought communism to China. Introduced Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution, and Red Guard.

de Gaulle

president of france brought back during the Algeria crisis. Gave Algeria their independence and was trusted. Head of the 5th republic in france, which had an especially strong president for a parliamentary democracy. Republic + strong leader. Student / worker demonstrations ended up leading to the collapse of his government.

Helmut Schmidt

West Germany chancellor who believed that if a war arose between East and West Europe, Germany would suffer and lose no matter what; tried to ease tension (between Brandt and Kohl)

Shang Kai-Shek

The leader of the democratic movement in China in 1949. Was supported by the U.S while being exiled onto Taiwan by the communist China, until Reagan recognizes Red China and Mao is the official leader of China.


West German leader of Ostpolitik during the Berlin Crisis.


leader of the Christian Democrats, served as chancelor, resurection of german eco. "Economic Miracle"


Soviet Leader after Stalin dies (1953); de-Stalinization policies overthrown in 1964


Ruthless dictator of the Soviet Union; led the SU through World War II and created a powerful Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe after the war


the second President of Russia and is the current Prime Minister of Russia. Kinda crazy. Ex-KGB.Almost "Stalin-like"


Leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. Wanting reform, he renounced the Brezhnev Doctrine, pulled troops out of Afghanastan, supported Glasnost, and urged perestroika. Caused the fall of the soviet union and was the first president of the "New Russia"


president of the united states and while president in 1981 pushed higher levels of military spending though congress. at the same time, he had several meetings with soviet leader gorbachev that were for talking about reducing nuclear threat. in 1987 the INF treaty was created. this was an agreement limiting medium-range nuclear arms. this treaty also helped to relieve the soviet economy of its costs in the superpower arm race.


U.S. President that signed SALT II with Russia; says he is no appeaser (not here to make people happy); this treaty is never ratified; Soviet Union invades Afghanistan - this scares this President bc Soviets broke their word! - he pulls SALT II out of the senate and blocks all fights from US to Soviet Union. boycotts the Olympics which are in Moscow


president 1974-77, Nixon's Vice president, only person not voted into the White House: became president after Nixon resigned. Considered weak and soviets didnt want to negotiate with him.


U.S. Pres. that established himself as super anti-Communism so he was the only person who could have negotiated w/ the Soviet Union but this ended w/ the Watergate Scandal and his resignation. Had great foreign policy with china and soviets. Recognizes Red China and Negotiates with soviets. Salt 1, Inf treaty, ABM treaty, MAD. non poliferation treaty, and ultimatly the Helsinki Accords are products of his presidency

Satre and Camus

both made existentialism well known. Slightly different view points on it but are known for starting this movement.

Jackson pollock

United States artist famous for painting with a drip technique. leader of abstract expressionism in america

Andy Warhol

An American commercial illustrator and artist famous for his Campbell's soup painting. He was the founder of the pop-art movement, which like all other art movements in history reflected something back on the present society.


British Prime Minister that increased the British political, military, and economic strength, British labour party prime minister who broke the labor unions, Conservative Prime Minister 1970s and 80s


leader of Czechoslovakia during the Prague of Spring, he expanded freedom of discussion and other intellectual rights at a time when they were being repressed in the Soviet


helped Gorbachev, backed him when the coup was being planned and fought against it. He shared his power with Gorbachev until Gorb. resigned. First pre. of Russia.

Simon de Beauvoir

"The Second Sex"---> stated that the only reason why women were seen as inferior was because of their lack of sexual organs

The Sex Pistols

English punk rock group thrived during late 1970s. Group recognised as the start of a punk rock movement.


Leading Grunge band during the late 80's.


Yugoslav statesman who led the resistance to German occupation during World War II and established a communist state after the war (1892-1980) After this man's death, Yugoslavia began to de-centralize and the power by 1991 rested in the individual provinces,


managed to win greater autonomy for Poland, while keeping Anti-Soviet feelings at bay = purged leader, still remained loyal to Warsaw Pact, inspired Hungarians


Czechoslovakia("little Brezhnev")


aka "Little Stalin": sought to oppress the dissidents and intellectuals in the Czechoslovakia in the 50s


leader of East German Communist Party and German Democratic Republic. Pre-Honecker.


East German dictator from 1971 to 1989 that ruled with an iron fist, secret police and refusal of reforms; in 1989, his economic policies cause a mass East German migration through Czekoslovokia to get to West Germany, which caused him to open borders with West Germany. Post-Ulbricht.

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