22 terms

Anatomy - Unit 15 Reproductive System!

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scrotum
external sac containing the testes
testes
the male gonads, which produce sperm and secrete male sex hormones.
seminiferous tubules
Narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes.
epididymis
structure in the male reproductive system in which sperm fully mature and are stored
spermatogenesis
production of sperm
vas deferens
tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
prostate gland
exocrine gland at the base of the male urinary bladder
vasectomy
bilateral surgical removal of a part of the vas deferens
vulva
external female genitalia
mammary glands
specialized organs in mammals that produce milk to nourish the young
ovaries
Glands that produce egg cells and hormones
ova
egg
fallopian tubes
tubes that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus, site of fertilization
uterus
organ of the female reproductive system in which a fertilized egg can develop
cervix
the opening to the uterus
vagina
tubular passageway from the cervix to the outside of the body
ovulation
process in which an egg is released from the ovary
hysterectomy
surgical removal of the uterus
zygote
fertilized egg
gestation
growth process from conception to birth
infertility
reduced or absent ability to produce offspring
in vitro fertilization
the union of sperm and egg in an artificial setting, usually in a laboratory
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