21 terms

Anatomy - Endocrine System!

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metabolism
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
hormones
chemicals released into the bloodstream by endocrine glands
hypothalamus
brain region controlling the pituitary gland,
a subcortical structure that regulates body temperature, hunger, thirst, and sexual behavior
pituitary gland
master gland that, under the control of the hypothalamus, directs the other glands of the body
growth hormone
hormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland that stimulates growth of bones
oxytocin
hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that causes myometrial contraction; used to induce labor
thyroid
regulates metabolism
parathyroid glands
small pea-like organs that regulate calcium and phosphate balance in blood, bones, and other tissues
adrenal gland
sits atop our kidneys and secretes hormones involved in the stress response
corticosteroids
a group of hormones, including cortisol, released by the adrenal glands at times of stress
epinephrine
Neurotransmitter secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress. Also known as adrenaline.
norepinephrine
secreted in response to hypotension and physical stress
pineal gland
located in the center of the brain; secretes melatonin and serotonin
pancreas
produces digestive enzymes, produces insulin and glucagon
exocrine
pertaining to a type of gland that releases its secretion through a duct
endocrine
any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
insulin
secreted by pancreas; controls blood glucose
glucagon
A hormone secreted by the pancreatic alpha cells that increases blood glucose concentration
androgens
hormones that promote the production of male gametes
estrogens
the class of sex hormones that predominate in females, produced mainly by the ovaries
progesterone
A hormone produced by the ovaries which acts with estrogen to bring about the menstral cycle.
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