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Physics Unit 7: Motion in Two Dimensions
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Gravity
Physics Unit 7: Motion in Two Dimensions
Terms in this set (18)
projectile
an object that is propelled by a one-time force and acted on by independent horizontal and vertical forces
trajectory
the path of any projectile
centrifugal force
a fictitious force (a fake force) that is the result of inertia during a change in a moving object's direction
centripetal acceleration
acceleration directed toward the center of a circle
centripetal force
the force directed toward the center of a circle as a moving object changes direction
period
the time for a wave, or one cycle of a repeating wave, to pass a location
uniform circular motion
motion in a circle during which the object moves at a constant speed
angular acceleration
a change in angular velocity
angular displacement
the distance and direction of rotation of an object from an initial location
average angular velocity
the distance traveled around the circumference of a circle divided by the time it takes to travel that distance
lever arm
a device used to supply angular force at some perpendicular distance (r) from the center of rotation
torque
a measure of the efficiency of a force; occurs when a force is applied to a lever arm
amplitude
the maximum displacement from a resting position
frequency
the number of waves that pass a location in a given time period
Hooke's law
F = -kx, where F is the force exerted by the spring, k is the spring constant, and x is the distance the mass on the spring is displaced
oscillation
synonymous with cycle, the movement that occurs during one period of harmonic motion
simple harmonic motion
a repeating or periodic motion in which the force that restores an oscillating object to its equilibrium position is directly proportional to the displacement from that equilibrium position
spring constant
represented by k; a physical constant that varies with the material and construction of a spring and is used to determine the force of a spring
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