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Which two land features gave Meopotamia its name?

Euphrates and Tigris River

Fertile Crescent

Large arc of rich, or fertile farmland


Ways of supplying water to an area of land


Worship to many gods

Social Hieracrchy

Division of society by rank or class


Picture symbols


Long poems that tell the stories of heroes


A ruler of a kingdom or empire


A wheeled, horse-drawn cart used in battle


A set of letters that can be combined to form words

Who served as the link between the Sumerians and the gods?



World's first system of writing

What was most likely the reason the ziggurats were tall?

To honor the Gods

What technology did the Hittites and Assyrians use in battle?

chariots and weapons

What did Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar have in common?

They were both brilliant leaders

Which is the best explanation for why7 Mesopotamians built canals?

They needed a way to control the rivers flow.

Which is an inference about why city-states fought each other for farmland?

Each city-state wanted to have enough land to grow food

What did Sargon's empire have in common with other Mesoptamian city-states?

It fought with surrounding city-states.

What was the relationship between trade and the spread of the Phoenician alphabet?

The Phoenician alphabet spread along the trade routes.

The resource for which the Phoenicia was well known was

cedar wood

Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar both

built by Babylon



Babylon was located near present-day

Babhdad, Iraq

Sumerian women could be

important religious leaders.

Sumerians developed a math system

based on the number 60.

Hunter-gatherer groups first settled in Mesopotamia more than

12,000 years ago.

The amount of land controlled by each city-state depended

on its army.

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