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27 terms

Mesopotamia Chapter 3

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Which two land features gave Meopotamia its name?
Euphrates and Tigris River
Fertile Crescent
Large arc of rich, or fertile farmland
Irrigation
Ways of supplying water to an area of land
Polytheism
Worship to many gods
Social Hieracrchy
Division of society by rank or class
Pictographs
Picture symbols
Epics
Long poems that tell the stories of heroes
Monarch
A ruler of a kingdom or empire
Chariot
A wheeled, horse-drawn cart used in battle
Alphabet
A set of letters that can be combined to form words
Who served as the link between the Sumerians and the gods?
Priest
Cuneiform
World's first system of writing
What was most likely the reason the ziggurats were tall?
To honor the Gods
What technology did the Hittites and Assyrians use in battle?
chariots and weapons
What did Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar have in common?
They were both brilliant leaders
Which is the best explanation for why7 Mesopotamians built canals?
They needed a way to control the rivers flow.
Which is an inference about why city-states fought each other for farmland?
Each city-state wanted to have enough land to grow food
What did Sargon's empire have in common with other Mesoptamian city-states?
It fought with surrounding city-states.
What was the relationship between trade and the spread of the Phoenician alphabet?
The Phoenician alphabet spread along the trade routes.
The resource for which the Phoenicia was well known was
cedar wood
Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar both
built by Babylon
rural
countryside
Babylon was located near present-day
Babhdad, Iraq
Sumerian women could be
important religious leaders.
Sumerians developed a math system
based on the number 60.
Hunter-gatherer groups first settled in Mesopotamia more than
12,000 years ago.
The amount of land controlled by each city-state depended
on its army.