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WSC 18 History of Diplomacy (Instruments)
Terms in this set (41)
A diplomatic center that a nation maintains in a foreign country
(lãnh sự quán) n. The place in which a consul transacts official business.
a special duty or function which a person or group is sent out to do
(xin tị nạn) shelter and protection in one state for refugees from another state
(miễn trừ ngoại giao) the rule that says an ambassador is not bound by the laws of the country where he or she is serving.
a representative sent by one government to another.
an official representative of a country's government
(n.) a representative or messenger (as of a government).
an official who heads a government department or a major section of a department in some countries.
n. An officer appointed to reside in a foreign city, chiefly to represent his country.
a diplomat working in a foreign country.
the head of a government department. an assistant of a government minister, an ambassador, etc.
an official below the rank of ambassador who acts as the senior representative of his or her country in a foreign country where there is no ambassador
chính sách đe doạ dùng vũ lực, chính sách ngoại giao pháo hạm.
using force or the threat of force.
intended to try to stop something that causes problems or difficulties from happening.
the practice of giving a country what it wants in order to avoid war
Paradiplomacy is international relations conducted by subnational or regional governments on their own, with a view to promoting their own interests.
Soft power is the ability to shape the preferences of others (country or state) through appeal and attraction. A defining feature of soft power is that it is noncoercive; the currency of soft power is culture, political values, and foreign policies.
the use of a country's military power to persuade other countries to do something, rather than the use of cultural or economic influence:
Approaches to Diplomacy relating to nuclear weapons, or the use of nuclear weapons
Dollar diplomacy of the United States—particularly during President William Howard Taft's term— was a form of American foreign policy to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries. Historian Thomas A. Bailey argues that dollar diplomacy was nothing new, as the use of diplomacy to promote commercial interest dates from the early years of the Republic.
Counter-insurgency diplomacy refers to the use of diplomatic efforts for validation and legitimisation of claims made by the authority or the government. The use of ideas alongside military tactics to change the public sentiment to one that is pro government, governance and authority is counter-insurgency diplomacy.
We can also say that it is sort of hard diplomacy. A public diplomacy carried out with military means and in tandem with the approach taken by the military.
Counter-insurgency diplomacy deploys strategies to protect the general populace from harm and to legitimise the govt's claims and actions. It also aims at ideologically showing the insurgents in a negative light so that they loose support.
Public diplomacy, also called people's diplomacy, any of various government-sponsored efforts aimed at communicating directly with foreign publics. Public diplomacy includes all official efforts to convince targeted sectors of foreign opinion to support or tolerate a government'-s strategic objectives. Methods include statements by decision makers, purposeful campaigns conducted by government organizations dedicated to public diplomacy, and efforts to persuade international media to portray official policies favourably to foreign audiences.
There are two basic kinds of public diplomacy. The first is branding, or cultural communication, in which the government tries to improve its image without seeking support for any immediate policy objective. States use branding strategies to foster a better image of themselves in the world. Ideally, branding creates general goodwill and facilitates cooperation across a variety of issues. It also helps to maintain long-term alliance relationships and undermine enemy propaganda.
Cyber-diplomacy is the evolution of public diplomacy to include and use the new platforms of communication in the 21st century. As explained by Jan Melissen in The New Public Diplomacy: Soft Power in International Relations, cyber-diplomacy "links the impact of innovations in communication and information technology to diplomacy." Cyber-diplomacy is also known as or is part of public diplomacy 2.0, EDiplomacy, and virtual diplomacy. Cyber-diplomacy has as its underpinnings that, "it recognizes that new communication technologies offer new opportunities to interact with a wider public by adopting a network approach and making the most of an increasingly multicentric global, interdependent system."
In game theory and economic theory, a zero-sum game is a mathematical representation of a situation in which each participant's gain or loss of utility is exactly balanced by the losses or gains of the utility of the other participants. If the total gains of the participants are added up and the total losses are subtracted, they will sum to zero.
The third neighbor policy is a facet of foreign relations of Mongolia referring to its building relationships with countries other than Russia and China, the two superpowers that historically had a sphere of influence extending to the country. The economy of Mongolia is dependent on exploitation of the country's mineral resources, which include copper, gold, uranium and coal, and thus the country is vulnerable to pressure from foreign countries and corporations involved in resource extraction.
a citizen of a state appointed by another state to host its ambassadors and to represent and protect its interests there.
a tablet carried by Mongol officials and envoys to signify certain privileges and authority. They enabled Mongol nobles and officials to demand goods and services from civilian populations.
a diplomat invested with the full power of independent action on behalf of their government, typically in a foreign country.
a person who tries to keep things peaceful, often by mediating conflicts or calming people down. a person who brings about peace, especially by reconciling adversaries.
an individual or organization that has significant political influence but is not allied to any particular country or state.
a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries.
a meeting between heads of government
an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.
persona non grata
a foreign person whose entering or remaining in a particular country that is prohibited by that country's government.
is the state of being exempted from the jurisdiction of local law, usually as the result of diplomatic negotiations (e.g. in foreign embassies, military bases)
actions taken by countries against others for political reasons, either unilaterally or multilaterally, e.g. removal of diplomatic ties
the process by which a country determines its own statehood and forms its own government.
the various ways in which power is distributed within the international system.... unipolarity, bipolarity, tripolarity, and multipolarity
a system of politics or principles based on practical rather than moral or ideological considerations.
a final demand or statement of terms
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