Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Theology Summer Final
Terms in this set (86)
The Belief in one God
3 Major monotheistic Religions
Islam, Judaism, Christianity
Why are the Three Divine Persons distinct?
Because each carries out the work of salvation in the way that is appropriate for them, and because God is unbegotten, Jesus is begotten, and the Holy Spirit proceeds form the father and son
When we say the first person of the trinity is the Father
We acknowledge that God is the source of everything
What is the role of the Holy Spirit as Advocate for Christians throughout time
to speak through the ancient prophets and to empower the people of the church to spread the message
7 gifts of holy spirit
Wisdom, Understanding, Counsel, Fortitude, Piety, and fear of the lord
What did the difficult task faced by the church to safeguard the apostolic faith do?
To make clear the doctrine of the trinity and to defend these truths
2 main types of Heresies
Arianism, Nestorianism, and Docetism, Monophysitism, and Gnosticism
Why do we call Mary "Mother of God"?
Because she gave birth to jesus
Council of Nicaea Declared what?
That jesus is truly God and they were defending against the belief of Arianism
Council of Chalcedon affirmed what?
That the divine and human natures in jesus were I divided and inseparable
Why do Catholics say the Nicene Creed at liturgical celebrations?
Because it helps us see the unity of the community of faith
If we have reason and observation, why did God make Revelation available to us?
God chose to reveal himself to us so we can know him more fully
Why do humans have an inborn tendency to seek God?
Because we were made to be in community with God because we were made in his image
Gods plan to save us from sin and death
How is God's loving plan fulfilled in the incarnation?
Gods plan was for us to be in communion with him so by making Jesus Divinity in the flesh, Humans were able to be closer to God through an actual living person
What sources of information help us know God truly exists?
Sacred Scripture, the witness of other believers, our reason and conscience
Even Though faith is a certain from why should we still use our reason?
Because this use of our intelligence nourishes our faith in God
When Humans ask the question of why there is suffering when there is a God of love over all the universe
Why is Christianity being rooted in Judaism Significant?
Because God made a covenant with Abraham and the Israelites which endures forever
How did the Gospels develop?
Passed down through oral tradition, then the epistles, or letters, were written, and lastly the stories of Jesus life and teachings were written down
What criteria did Church Fathers use to decide what books formed the canon of the New Testament?
1. Writer was an apostle or an associate, 2. The weighting was used by many church communities, 3. The content supported and reflected the beliefs of Jesus
What Two primary ways did the church pass on Revelation and how are they related?
Tradition and Sacred Scripture; they are related because they both flow from the same divine source and both are aimed at achieving the same goal
Tradition with Capital T and tradition with small t
T Authoritative revelation of the church and is ongoing, t customs that are practiced, such as singing Silent Night at Christian Mass
What is the attitude of the church toward other religions?
An attitude of respect and focused on the unity of the beliefs
What do we learn from the lives of the siants?
How to be more holy, courages, and wise
What did St Ignatius of Loyola mean when he said to "find God in all things"?
He meant that every experience of our lives can make us aware of God's presence
Communal is important because?
It helps us to know that we are unified in the Body of christ
Why is there no real disagreement between faith and science?
Because they are both gifts from God
How do we use God's gift of intellect to know God better?
Study Scripture, read about the saints, learn the history of church teachings, and to know God more fully
Jesus, the son of God and the secind person of the trinity, is both fully God and fully Human
Greek term meaning God bearer, translated as Mother of God. It acknowledges Mary's unique role she played in our slavation
Jesus as God made flesh fulfills two roles?
Jesus reveals God the father to us, and Jesus is the one and only mediator between humanity and God
Pentecost for the church
God gives the Holy Spirit to the community which became known as the church
Four Marks of the church?
One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic,
Three categories to classify the seven sacraments
Christian Initiation, Healing, Service of Communion
How do the sacraments bring saving action of Christ into our lives?
Christ is present to us through the Holy Spirit; we become the body of Christ
Four ways jesus is present in the celebration of the Eucharist liturgy
Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension
Catholic Doctrine of the Real Presence
Is that Our Blessed Lord is really and truly present in the Sacred Host and Wine, booth Body and Soul, Humanity, and Divinity
The official teaching authority of the church
Vocations through which Christians share in ministry of Christ
Service, either through ordained Ministry, Consecrated life of laity
What does it mean that human beings are made in God's image?
We have a fundamental dignity and we are predestined to reproduce the image of God's son made man, the image of the invisible God
Jesus the Model
He is the perfect man who invites us to become his disciples and follow him
Gifts of the intellect and free will
God wants us to use them logically and to learn about the world around us, and to make wise decisions and to think about all consequences of our actions
Jesus Modeled love for us
He embodied all that is good in humanity Jesus wants us to live in humility
IN what way does stewardship describe the relationship humans are to have with the earth
We are supposed to be deeply interconnected
A person is not just something but someone
Being in the image of God, the human individual possesses the dignity of a person
Jesus respected the dignity of others
He treated everyone with dignity-sinners, outcasts, the sick and the poor with care and compassion
Jesus restoring what was lost
He gives us back what was lost in sin
Although men and women are physical different, how are they equal in dignity?
In rights, and in our capacity to be signs of God's presence in the world
Consistent ethic of life is the reverence for and protection of human life in all its stage
Beginning, end, and at every point in between
The intentional termination of a pregnancy
A direct action, or deliberate and purposeful lace of action, that causes the death of a person
How do Catholics recognize the reality of suffering?
Painkillers and Medication
The human desire for happiness comes from?
Divine origin, for God has placed it in the human heart
The Beatitudes tell us that?
Happiness does not lie in money, possessions, power, or prestige
Through Sacrament of Baptism we receive?
Sanctifying grace and come to share in the Life of the Blessed Trinity
Sanctifying Grace is?
A supernatural gift of God by which our sins are forgiven, we are made holy, and our friendship with God is restored
In what way is Jesus' resurrection also about us?
It brings forth new hope out of seemingly hopeless situations
What is Heaven?
A state of eternal life and union with God.
Why might our prayers seem to go unanswered at times?
God may have another plan for us or sometimes what we ask God may not be in our best instrument. God is not an instrument
What is a Parable?
a simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by Jesus in the Gospels.
What do Parables of the lost sheep; the lost coin and the lost son tell us about the Kingdom of God?
Jesus knew that humanity in the natural world are interconnected
What does Jesus tell the rich man to do to inherit eternal life? Why?
To practice justice and charity, not material things; He tells the rich man to rethink our priorities
What are the greatest commands?
You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and all your strength; You shall love your neighbor as yourself
What do the first three commandments tell us about loving God?
To embrace faith, hope and charity, to believe and hope in God
At the last judgement, what is the standard by which all people will be judged?
Jesus makes it clear that we must actively love the poor if we want to enter his Kingdom
What is the significance of Jesus' teaching the parable of the sheep and the goats shortly before his passion?
It describes the Parousia and it reveals the criteria by which all people will one day be judged; We need to separate good from bad
What are the works of mercy?
Volunteer at Soup kitchens, help with fundraisers, help with the sick and elderly, and donate money you would have used for extra material things
Why are faith and religion inseparable?
True faith is always expressed in religious worship, and you cannot have one without the other
How can the generations of faithful men and women who have gone before us help us in our own faith?
When our own faith is weak or struggling, the generations of faithful men and women who have gone before us can offer us encouragement
What does it mean to be a disciple of Jesus?
When we have faith in Jesus we become his follower
From the root word"Gospel", the sharing of "Good News"
prayer of petition
A prayer form in which you ask God for something you need.
A prayer form in which you ask God's help for other people's needs; also called intercession.
why are the Eucharist and Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation so crucial for Catholics?
Because through these sacraments we experience the ministry of Christ through power of the Holy Spirit and we drawn closer to God the Father
Why do we pray to Mary and other saints?
We are asking them to intercede with God on our Behalf
Why is Mary called the first disciple of Jesus?
she was among the first people to believe in him and to follow him as a disciple.
Why is Mary a Model of Faith?
Because she completely went along with the Father's will his Son's work to redeem people, and she listened to every prompting of the Holy Spirit
Why is the Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation Important?
It gives us the chance to experience the consolation and healing of God's grace and Mercy
Catholic Social Teaching
The teaching of the Church that calls all members to work for justice and peace as Jesus did
Why is Faith in Jesus our path to eternal life?
It is necessary to have faith in order to have salvation
Seeing God "face to face" in Heaven
Mystical Body of Christ
Communion of Saints
The relational union of the Church in heaven and the Church on earth.
How did the Death of Jesus change death for all of us?
It changed death into something positive
Sets with similar terms
GRttW Chapter 1 freshman 1
Christology FINAL Vocabulary
Religion Ch 4 Vocab & Notes
RELIGION: Chapter 4- JESUS CHRIST'S REVELATION ABO…
Other sets by this creator
Anglo-Saxon Literary Terms
World History Spring Final
Biology Spring Final
English 2nd semester final