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Nutrition ch 7,8
Terms in this set (60)
ATP molecules are used to capture and store ________ during metabolism
ATP is short for
The number of ____________ molecules relates to the amount of energy a nutrient can provide
An alternative energy source designed to prolong life during starvation
Processes that occur without oxygen
Making of glucose from non-carbohydrate substances
Harmful effect of excessive alcohol intake that can be reversible
Referred to as the sum of all chemical reactions in living cells
Body organ that contains the most metabolically active cells
Energy-yielding nutrient that provides the most kcalories per gram
Fatty acids cannot be converted to __________ so they cannot generate glucose.
Splitting a glucose molecule, or ___________, is the first step in energy metabolism
Carbs, fat, and protein are referred to as ___________ nutrients.
Distorted body image and amenorrhea are associated with the eating disorder ___________
The goal of treatment for bulimia nervosa is ___________
____________ is associated with obesity and is a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes.
_______ fat is associated with the most health complications.
3500 kcalories are equivalent to _________ pound(s) of fat
Weight and _____________ are often used together to assess body composition.
Being ____________ is associated with the development of osteoporosis
Accounts for majority of daily energy expenditure
A BMI of 27kg/m^2 is considered
Primary body organ that regulates feelings of hunger
When energy intake equals energy output the body is said to be in _____________
Physical activity and pregnancy __________ energy expenditure.
Energy, water, and carbon dioxide
Metabolism is the release of _________, ___________, and _____________
Building up; constructing molecules from smaller units- requires energy
Breaking down molecules to release energy
Transfers energy in reactions
glucose, fatty acids, and amino acids
ATP is released during the breakdown of...
ATP is vulnerable to...
__________ is a reaction that uses energy while creating it.
Facilitators of metabolic reactions
An enzyme CANNOT function without a ____________
Example of a coenzyme
Glucose, glycerol, amino acids, and fatty acids all undergo...
Pyruvate is a ___ carbon structure.
Acetyl CoA and CoA (enzyme) cannot be used to make...
The final pathway in energy metabolism that transports electrons from H to O and captures the energy released in the bonds of ATP.
Converted to pyruvate
Converted to Acetyl CoA
Enter the TCA cycle directly
Metabolism favors formation of
Breakdown of body's proteins will lead to death in ___ weeks
Liver cells die and form scar tissue
Advanced liver disease
Pleasure chemical that increases desire to eat
Related to amino acids tryptophan that presents feelings of relaxation and satiation to meals
Perception of fullness that builds during a meal
Low-energy density more ______ than high
Body's generation of heat
Ideal body fat for men 20-39 y/o
Ideal body fat for women 20-39 y/o
BMI < 18.5
Progressive loss of body tissue
Health risks if BMI is over...
Drug that induces vomit
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