36 terms

Chapter 5 Geography of Race & Ethnicity

Unit 3
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Terms in this set (...)

The Czech Capital of Nebraska
Nebraska town of Wilber, settled by a Bohemian immagrant. People can come and experience the culture
Ethnicity
A group of people who share a common ancestry and cultural tradition. Often living as a minority group in a larger society. Being a member of an ethnic group is involuntary, born into it. Some can join by marriage or adoption
Race
A genetically significant difference among human populations- a classification system. Or visible difference in human physiogomy, or as a social construction that varies across time and space.
Acculturation
The adoption by an ethnic group of enough of the ways of the host society to be able to function economically and socially.
Assimilation
The complete blending of an ethnic group
Ethnic Geography
the study of spatial distributions and interactions of ethnic groups and of the cultural characteristics on which they are based
Racism
Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.
Ethnic Substrate
Regional cultural distinctiveness that remains following the assimilation of an ethnic homeland.
Ethnic Homelands
A sizable area inhabited by an ethnic minority that exhibits a strong sense of attachment to the region and often exercises a strong sense of attachment to the region and often exercises some measure of political and social control over it.
Ethnic Islands
A small ethnic area in the rural countryside; sometimes called a "folk" island
Acadiana and Cajun*
This is an ethnic homeland. It is the Louisiana French homeland. It is increasingly identified with Cajun people. Also recognized as a vernacular region.
Deseret*
The Mormons settled here. It was in the midst of the desert of Utah and this is where they set up communities. They worked hard to make it flourish. Important because this was the first settlement in Utah.
Black Belt*
Region of the Deep South with the highest concentration of slaves. The "Black belt" emerged in the nineteenth century as cotton production became more profitable and slavery expanded south and west.
Pennsylvania Dutch*
...
Ethnic Neighborhood
A voluntary community where people of like origin reside by choice.
Ghetto
Traditionally, an area within a city where an ethnic group lives, either by choice or by force. Today in the United States, the term typically indicates an impoverished African-American urban neighborhood.
Daniel Arreola's practicing geography
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Chain Migration
The tendency of people to migrate along channels, over a period of time, from specific source areas to specific destinations.
Ethnoburbs
A suburban ethnic neighborhood, sometimes home to relatively affluent immigration populations
Involuntary Migration
Also called forced migration, refers to the forced displacement of a population, whether by government policy, warfare or other violence, ethnic cleansing, disease, natural disaster, or enslavement,
Ethnic Cleansing
The removal of unwanted ethnic minority populations from a nation-state through mass killing, deportation, or imprisonment.
Return Migration
A type of ethnic diffusion that involves the voluntary movement of a group of migrants back to its ancestral or native country or homeland.
Cultural Simplification
The process by which immigrant ethnic group lose certain aspects of their traditional culture in the process of settling overseas, creating a new culture that is less complex than the old.
Cultural Preadaptation
A complex of adaptive traits and skills possessed in advance of migration by a group, giving it survival ability and competitive advantage in occupying the new environment.
Long View of Race
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Colonization
A physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place, putting its own government in charge and either moving its own people into the place or bringing in indentured outsiders to gain control of the people and the land
Indigenous
Living, growing, or produced naturally in a particular place; native
Daniel Arreola
...
Superquadra
large residential blocks in Brasilia. The desires of wealthier residents were not met by the uniform superquadra apartments, unplanned but luxurious residences and private clubs were also built. Each Super Quadra should be autonomous, with their own school, play grounds and commercial areas; the idea was that no one would need to go away from home for their basic needs
Foodways
Customary behaviors associated with food preparation and consumption.
Cultural Maladaptation
Poor or inadequate adaptation that occurs when a group pursues an adaptive strategy that, in the short run, fails to provide the necessities of life or, in the long run, destroys the environment that nourishes it.
Tortillerias
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Ethnic Landscape
The landscape formed by the ethnicities living in that area. Example: where chinese ethnic groups migrated - china town becomes part of landscape
Ethnic Cuisine
The cuisine of a group of people having a common cultural heritage, as opposed to the cuisine of a group of people bound together by geography or political factors
Little Havana
A Cuban neighborhood in Miami; Home to many Cuban immigrant residents, named after Havana, the capital and largest city in Cuba.
The main difference between ethnic islands and ethnic homelands is?
size