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Politics of the United States
Creating a Constitution
Terms in this set (23)
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)
Land Ordinance of 1785
A law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers, major success from the Articles of Confederation
Enacted in 1787, it is considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states.
1786- Led by Captain Daniel Shays, Revolutionary war veteran. An uprising that flared up in western Massachusetts. Impoverished backcountry farmers, many of them Revolutionary war veterans, were losing their farms through mortgage foreclosures and tax delinquencies. They demanded cheap paper money, lighter taxes, and a suspension of mortgage fore closures. Hundreds of angry agitators attempted to enforce these demands. Massachusetts authorities, supported by wealthy citizens, raised a small army under General Lincoln.
1787; This compromise was between the large and small states of the colonies. The Great Compromise resolved that there would be representation by population in the House of Representatives, and equal representation would exist in the Senate. Each state, regardless of size, would have 2 senators. All tax bills and revenues would originate in the House. This compromise combined the needs of both large and small states and formed a fair and sensible resolution to their problems.
Chief of the Miami who led a Native American alliance that raided U.S. settlements in the Northwest Territory. He was defeated and forced to sign the Treaty of Greenville.
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits.
"Father of the Constitution", 1808 and 1812; Democratic-Republican; notable events include the War of 1812, let the charter of the First Bank of the United States expire, but realized it was difficult to finance a war without the bank, so he chartered the 2nd Bank of the United States
A meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution.
Treaty of Paris of 1783
A peace agreement that officially ended the Revolutionary War and established British recognition of the independence of the United States.
System of Checks and Balances
each of the 3 branches (executive, legislative and judicial) has some way to control and be controlled by the other two branches so that no one brach becomes to powerful
A collection of 85 articles written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison under the name "Publius" to defend the Constitution in detail.
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures.
A person who opposed the adoption of the United States Constitution.
Bill of rights
Although the Anti-Federalists failed to block the ratification of the Constitution, they did ensure that the Bill of Rights would be created to protect individuals from government interference and possible tyranny. The Bill of Rights, drafted by a group led by James Madison, consisted of the first ten amendments to the Constitution, which guaranteed the civil rights of American citizens.
New Jersey Plan
A framework for the Constitution proposed by a group of small states; its key points were a one-house legislature with one vote for each state, the establishment of the acts of Congress as the "supreme law" of the land, and a supreme judiciary with limited power.
"Large state" proposal for the new constitution, calling for proportional representation in both houses of a bicameral Congress. The plan favored larger states and thus prompted smaller states to come back with their own plan for apportioning representation.
Enumerated Powers V. Reserved Powers
Enumerated Powers-Taxation, regulating trade, regulating money, declaring war, etc.17 specific powers guaranteed by Constitution, Reserved Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people
Process for amending the constitution
2/3 vote by both houses of government and 3/4 of states vote to confirm (by constitutional convention or by legislature)
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Slave Trade in State Constitutions
-NO tax exports (a way for the north to get rid of slavery, the tax on products made by slaves would not be affordable so no one would buy them so there would be no reason for slavery)
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