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Terms in this set (56)
National Recovery Administration
Government agency that was part of the New Deal and dealt with the industrial sector of the economy. It allowed industries to create fair competition which were intended to reduce destructive competition and to help workers by setting minimum wages and maximum weekly hours.
Works Progress Administration
Congress created this in 1935 as an agency that gave jobs to people who needed them. They worked on bridges, roads, and buildings. They spent 11 billion dollars and gave almost 9 million people jobs. It was one of the New Deal Agencies.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
(FDR) 1933 and 1938 , Helped farmers meet mortgages. Unconstitutional because the government was paying the farmers to waste 1/3 of there products. Created by Congress in 1933 as part of the New Deal this agency attempted to restrict agricultural production by paying farmers subsidies to take land out of production.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Agency established in 1932 to provide emergency relief to large businesses, insurance companies, and banks (2 billion)
"Kingfish", A Senator from Louisiana who proposed a "Share Our Wealth" program that promised a minimum annual income of $5,000 for every American family which would be paid for by taxing the wealthy. (100% tax on 1 million dollars). Announced his candidacy for president in 1935, but was killed by an assassin.
A religious priest and demagogue who spoke over the radio and constantly contradicted himself, praising and then attacking FDR on a constant basis. When he was revealed as an anti-Semitist, his popularity fell and he resigned soon after.
An American athlete and religious figure who, after being a popular outfielder in baseball's National League during the 1880s, became the most celebrated and influential American evangelist during the first two decades of the 20th century.
Aimee Semple McPherson
Evangelist, founder of four square church of god, 1920s, used hollywood like tactics to get more followers, was popular on the radio, faked death. appealed to poor white people, practiced healing, anti evolution.`
American physician and social reformer whose plan for a government-sponsored old-age pension was a precursor of the Social Security Act of 1935.
Williams Jennings Bryan
"The Great Commoner.": he was defeated by wiliam McKinley but retained control of the Democrat Willic Party.supporter of Prohibition in the 1920s, and energetically attacked Darwinism and evolution, most famously at the Scopes Trial. cross of gold speech.
Court Packing Plan
Because the Supreme Court was striking down New Deal legislation, Roosevelt decided to curb the power of the Court by proposing a bill to allow the president to name a new federal judge for each who did not retire by age 70 and 1/2. At the time, 6 justices were over the age limit. Would have increased the number of justices from 9 to 15, giving FDR a majority of his own appointees on the court. The court-packing bill was not passed by Congress.
A noted defense lawyer for radical and lost causes, was John Scopes's defense attorney in the "monkey trial" in 1924. His defense rested on exposing the childlike faith and naive ignorance of religious fundamentalists like William Jennings Bryan.
Henry Cabot Lodge
Henry Cabot Lodge was a Republican who disagreed with the Versailles Treaty, and who was the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He mostly disagreed with the section that called for the League to protect a member who was being threatened.
Senators who pledged to vote in favor of the Treaty of Versailles if certain changes were made - led by Henry Cabot Lodge
These were Republicans who wanted no part with the League of Nations. They were a burden to the vote on the League of Nations and had a part in its failure to pass; Battalion of Death
A peace program presented to the U.S. Congress by President Woodrow Wilson in January 1918. It called for the evacuation of German-occupied lands, the drawing of borders and the settling of territorial disputes by the self-determination of the affected populations, and the founding of an association of nations to preserve the peace and guarantee their territorial integrity. It was rejected by Germany, but it made Wilson the moral leader of the Allies in the last year of World War I.
Bill passed by Congress to enforce the language of the 18th Amendment. This bill made the manufacture and distribution of alcohol illegal within the borders of the United States.
Law in Tennessee that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools
Approve by Congress in March 1941; The act allowed America to sell, lend or lease arms or other supplies to nations considered "vital to the defense of the United States."
The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 stipulated that when the president proclaimed the existence of a foreign war certain restrictions would automatically go into effect. No American could legally sail on a belligerent ship, or sell or transport munitions to a belligerent nation, or make loans to a belligerent. This displayed that America was not willing to go to war and desired to remain neutral and isolationist.
1934- prohibited any loans ( including private ones) to any government that had defaulted on its World War I debts to the United States.
The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate does not ratify it.; 1919
Green Corn Rebellion
Armed uprising in Oklahoma. Was a reaction by radicalized European-Americans, Tenant farmers, Semionles etc to enforce the selective draft act of 1917. Called this because the rebels plans was to march across the country eating "green corn" for food.
United States female author who wrote a book and a syndicated newspaper column on etiquette (1872-1960)
revived the Ku Klux Klan, devoted to 100% Americanism and restricted its membership to native-born white Protestants. No longer just restricted to the South, chapters were now all over the country. Membership was a yearly $10 of which Simmons took about half and became extremely rich, the KKK began holding a yearly march on Washington D.C. and now hate everyone- open doors to more than just whites who hate African Americans, now they can hate anyone, Catholics, immigrants etc.
1918 law that made it illegal to criticize the government
1917 This law, passed after the United States entered WWI, imposed sentences of up to twenty years on anyone found guilty of aiding the enemy, obstructing recruitment of soldiers, or encouraging disloyalty. It allowed the postmaster general to remove from the mail any materials that incited treason or insurrection.
carefree young women with short, "bobbed" hair, heavy makeup, and short skirts. The flapper symbolized the new "liberated" woman of the 1920s. Many people saw the bold, boyish look and shocking behavior of flappers as a sign of changing morals. Though hardly typical of American women, the flapper image reinforced the idea that women now had more freedom.
American union leader, one of the founders of the International Labor Union and the Industrial Workers of the World, and five-time Socialist Party of America Presidential Candidate.
Imperial Wizard of the "second" Ku Klux Klan from 1922 until 1939. Succeeded William Joseph Simmons in the position of the Imperial Wizard in November 1922. Simmons was at the same time elected Emperor for life.
By 1916 they enacted anti-saloon laws in 23 states and in 1917 they passed the 18th amendment beginning prohibition.
Tennessee highschool teacher who violated a state law by teaching evolution
League of Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.
Heavyweight boxing champion in the 1920's
First African American boxer to win the World Heavyweight title (1908), represented idea of the "New Negro" in early-1900s American culture.
nicknamed "Double X" and "The Beast", was an American professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as a first baseman, most notably for the Philadelphia Athletics and the Boston Red Sox. Foxx was a noted power hitter, hitting 30 or more home runs in 12 consecutive seasons
a Canadian professional ice hockey player. He played centre for three National Hockey League (NHL) teams. In the NHL, he was one of the most dominant players in the league and set several league scoring records.
an American competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder. In 1926, she became the first woman to swim across the English Channel.
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
an American actress who rose to stardom in the silent film era of the 1920s; her acting artistry and high spirits made her the premier flapper; leading sex symbol of the roaring twenties
American dancer, model, showgirl and silent film actress who is noted for popularizing the bobbed haircut
1932 - Facing the financial crisis of the Depression, WW I veterans tried to pressure Congress to pay them their retirement bonuses early. Congress considered a bill authorizing immediate assurance of $2.4 billion, but it was not approved. Angry veterans marched on Washington, D.C., and Hoover called in the army to get the veterans out of there.
Selling a stock that has been borrowed from a brokerage firm and that must be replaced at a later date.
Buying On Margin
Purching stock with a little money down with the promise of paying the balance at sometime in the future
Depression shantytowns, named after the president whom many blamed for their financial distress
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages. Caused mainly by overfarming and a severe drought.
1935, also National Labor Relations Act; granted rights to unions; allowed collective bargaining
founded on June 15, 1898 in Boston, Massachusetts, in opposition of the acquisition of the Philippines by the United States. The anti-imperialists opposed the expansion because they believed it violated the Constitution.
(1880-1964), U.S. general. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation. He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman.
Secretary of Treasury under President Harding, Coolidge and Hoover, who instituted a Republican policy of reduced government spending, lower taxes to the wealthy and higher tariffs
When FDR started to take away some of the new deal programs recession started back up again. This proved that the new deal programs didnt "cure" the depression, they only "stopped the bleeding"; 1938
Baseball player accused of "throwing" the World Series and was banned from baseball for life.
Was an American Major League Baseball player, manager, and team owner. He was a key person in the formation of the American League and later owned the Chicago White Sox.
key member of the Jewish mafia who fixed the 1919 World Series
Kenesaw Mountain Landis
newly appointed commissioner of baseball; banned the eight players for the Black Sox Scandal despite a "not guilty" verdict; expunged their records and the gamblers got away scot free.
prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
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