How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

45 terms

Art History Packet 5 Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
Altarpiece
a panel, painted or sculpted, situated above and behind an altar
Ambulatory
covered walkway, especially the passageway around the apse and the choir of a church
Apse
a recess, usually semicircular at the east end of the church
Carpet pages
decorated pages that resemble textiles
Catacomb
underground cemetary
Cathedral
a bishop's church
Choir
the space reserved for the clergy and singers in the church, usually east of the transcept but in some instances extending into the nave
Cloisonne
a process of enameling employing cloisons; also, decorative brickwork in later Byzantine architecture
Cloison
a cell made of metal wire or narrow metal strip soldered edge-up to a metal base to hold enamel or other decorative materials
Codex
separate pages of vellum or parchment bound together at one side; the predecessor of the modern book
Diptych
a two-paneled painting or altarpiece, a hinged writing tablet, often on ivory and carved on the external sides
Eucharist
in Christianity, the partaking of the bread and wine, which believer hold to be wither Christ himself or symbolic of him
Folio
a page of a manuscript or book
Gospels
the four New Testament books that relate the life and teachings of Jesus
Icon
a portrait of image, a panel with a painting of sacred personages that are objects of veneration
Iconoclasm
the destruction of images, the destroyer of images known as iconoclasts, those who were opposed to such a ban were known as iconophiles/iconodules
Iconostasis
In Byzantine churches, a screen or a partition, with doors and many tiers of icons, separating the sanctuary from the main body of the church
Illuminated Manuscript
a luxurious handmade book with painted illustrations and decorations
Historiated
ornatmented with representations such as plants, animals, or human figures that have a narrative as distinct from a purely decorative function
Lunette
a semicircular area in a wall or over a door, niche, or window; also, painting or relief with semicircular fram
Magi
the three wise men from the East who presented gifts to the infant Jesus
Mandorla
an almond-shaped nimbus surrounding the figure of Christ and other sacred figures
Martyr
a person who willingly suffers death rather than renounce his or her religion
Mass
the Catholic/Orthodox ritual in which believers understand that Christ's redeeming sacrifice on the cross is repeated when the preist consecrated the bread and wine in the Eucharist
Messiah
the savor of the Jews who prophesized in the Old Testament Chrisitians believe that Jesus of Nazareth was the Messiah
Nave
The central area of a church
Narthex
a porch or vestiubule of a church, generally preceding the nave
Nimbus
a halo or aureole appearing around the head of a holy figure to signify divinity
Pantocrater
Christ as a ruler and judge of heaven and earth
Papacy
office and jursidiction of a church
Parchment
lambskin prepared as a surface for painting/writing
Paten
a large bowl to hold the bread used in the Eucharist
Pendentive
a concave, triangular section of a hemisphere, four of which proved the transition from a squared area to the circular base of a covering dome, although pendentive appear to be hanging from the dome, they are in fact supporting it
Pieta
a painted or sculpted representation of the virgin mary mourning over the body of the dead Christ
Pope
Head of the Catholic church
portico
roofed colonnade, also an entrance porch
refectory
dining hall of a christian monastery
relics
body part, clothing, objects associated with a holy figure, such as Buddha or Christ or a Christian ssaint
Rotulus
the manuscript scroll
Squinch
an architectural device used as a transition from a square to a polygonal or circular base for a dome, it may be composed of lintels, corbels, or arches
Theotokos
a title of the virgin mary as the of the incarnate (human form) of the Son of God
Transept
a part of a church with an axis that crosses teh nave at a right angle
Triptych
a three paneled painting or altarpiece
Vellum
calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting
Zoomorphic
highly stylized reperesentation of animal forms