Matter and Energy
Terms in this set (20)
the ability to cause change and do work
the energy of an object that is due to motion
the energy that an object has due to its position, condition, or chemical composition
a form of potential energy that is stored in the chemical bonds between atoms.
the sum of an object's kinetic energy and potential energy
is transmitted through space in the form of waves
the energy that results from the position or motion of electrically charged particles
when energy changes from one form into another form
law of conservation of energy
states energy cannot be created or destroyed and it can only change forms.
kinetic theory of matter
states that all of the particles that make up matter are constantly in motion
a measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles in an object
equally spaced units between two points
the total kinetic energy of all particles in a substance
the energy transferred from an object at a higher temperature to an object at a lower temperature
is equal to the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1⁰C
the transfer of energy as heat from one substance to another through direct contact
a material that transfers heat very well
a material that is a poor conductor of heat
the transfer of energy as heat by the movement of a fluid like a liquid or gas
the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
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