16 terms

Middle Ages Visual Vocabulary

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Middle Ages
Period of time that links the ancient and modern worlds 400-1500 AD
Franks
Germanic tribe that held power in Roman province of Gaul
monastery
Religious communities where monks lived, studied, and prayed
Charlemagne
"Charles the Great", ruled Kingdom of the Franks, spread Christianity, reunited Western Europe
feudalism
Social structure in society where people had duties and obligations to one another
lord
Select men in society given large pieces of land by the king
fief
land granted to a vassal from a Lord
vassal
Received land from a lord, swore loyalty to the lord/agreed to fight for him
knight
mounted horseman who defended the lord's land
serf
peasants who worked the land in exchange for food, shelter, and protection
manor
The lord's estate
chivalry
code of ideals-loyal, brave, and courteous
Crusades
series of holy wars launched by the Christians against the Muslims centering around the city of Jerusalem
100 Years War
War found between England and France that marked the end of medieval European society
Bubonic Plaque
deadly disease that killed 1/3 of Europe's population during the late Middle Ages
Magna Carta
Document that provided basic legal rights and limited the power of the king