64 terms

Family Relations Chapter 4

In the process of fertilization, the ________ sex chromosome comination results in a "female" genetic blueprint for the developing conceptus, while the _____ sex chromosome combination results in a "male" genetic blueprint for the developing conceptus.
a) XY/XX
b) XO/YY
c) XY/YY
d) XX/XY
Which of the following is NOT a type of intersex syndrome?
a) Turner's Syndrome
b) Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome
c) Asperger Syndrome
d) Klinefelter's Syndrome
The ways we internalize and incorporate specific gendered behaviors and expectations are called _______.
a) gender norms
b) gender schemas
c) gender roles
d) gender stereotypes
A _____ is a person whose sexual identity is opposite to the one assigned at birth.
a) transgenderist
b) transsexual
c) intersexual
d) transvestite
__________ holds that before social and environmental forces can influence a child's concept of gender, the child must first acquire certain awareness and understanding about gender.
a) Social Learning Theory
b) Learning Theory
c) Cognitive Development Theory
d) Biological Development theory
The concept of _____ refers to something that either has no gender value assigned to it, or that a person possessed triats, behaviors, or characteristics that are typically associated with the opposite gender.
a) androgyny
b) instrumental schemas
c) expressive schemas
d) gender identity
_____ are associated with masculinity focus on task-oriented behaviors and "getting the job done."
a) expressive schemas
b) gender schemas
c) androgens
d) instrumental schemas
____ are teaches that women are semi-divine, and are morally superior to and spiritually stronger than men.
a) machismo
b) femininity
c) marianismo
d) masculinity
Although the meaning of intimacy varies from relationship to relationship, ____ is not necessarily a component of intimacy.
a) trust between partners
b) emotional closeness
c) comfortable levels of self-disclosure
d) physical closeness
Among the five different levels of intimacy contexts, the ____ includes factors specific to each person, such as personality traits; attitudes and beliefs about the overall status of the relationship; emotional reactions to intimacy; willingness to self-disclose; and each partner's intimacy needs, goals, and motives.
a) relational context
b) personal context
c) immediate context
d) group context
A _____ appears to be intimate on the surface, but lacks depth and often has relationships that may never progress beyond friendship, or may experience only superficial levels of emotional closeness in dating, cohabiting, or marital relationships.
a) pseudointimate
b) preintimate
c) isolate
d) intimate
_____ refers not only to establishing a sense of independence but also becoming a self-governing person within the context of relationships.
a) Individuation
b) Identity
c) Autonomy
d) Empathy
Which of the following was NOT included in a number of recent studies?
a) "Feminine" people (both men and women) report having more male friends.
b) Men have more CSFs than women do.
c) More single people have CSFs than married people do.
d) Men may gain intimacy from their female friends.
Adolescents begin the process of ______, forming an identity that is separate from that of their family of origin.
a) autonomy
b) individuation
c) intimacy status
d) identity formation
____ suggests that patterns of relational functioning (including intimacy) are passed down from generation to generation.
a) Fear of intimacy
b) Individuation theory
c) Family of origin theory
d) Intergenerational theory
The _____ contends that the intimate status requires partners in a relationship to experience an equal balance of power, or equity.
a) eight stages of man
b) merger status
c) psychosocial development
d) need for affiliation
_____, or brotherly love, was used to describe the affectionate feelings shared between friends and family.
a) agape
b) eros
c) philos
d) ludus
A _______ is a mental blueprint that presents images of the "ideal" love relationships and is shaped by our experiences with love in infancy and early childhood.
a) "love ideal"
b) "love map"
c) "perfect plan"
d) "model map"
_____ is a wildly powerful emotion that is experienced as intense longing for the selected love object, along with profound sexual arousal and confused feelings.
a) romantic love
b) Infatuation
c) Passionate love
d) Compationate love
Of the five types of stalkers, ____ commonly have poor social and emotional skills, and have difficulty expressing themselves.
a) incompetent suitors
b) rejected stalkers
c) intimacy seekers
d) resentful stalkers
____ refers to deep, tender, mature, affectionate attachment bonds shared between two people and may or may not include feelings of physical arrousal.
a) Passionate love
b) Infatuation
c) Storge love
d) Compationate love
______ is seen in the adult-infant pair bond where an adult immediately meets and gratifies the needs of an infant; interdependent love is expressed between emotionally mature adults who recognize that love is a give-and-take process. The ability for people to be dependent and have someone depend on them is referred to as ________.
a) Dependent love/interdependent love
b) Interdependent love/dependent love
c) Dependent love/compationate love
d) Interdependent love/passionate love
_____ love can best be conceptualized as friendship, love, or a type of affectionate love between companions.
a) Erotic
b) Storge
c) Ludic
d) Manic
______ describes love as a four-staged developmental process: rapport, self-revelation, mutual dependency, and personality need fulfillment.
a) attachment theory
b) Sternberg's triangular theory of love
c) wheel theory of love
d) Lee's types of love styles
Intellegence, physical strength, industriousness (a hard worker), and ambition are examples of _____.
a) protector/provider cues
b) fertility cues
c) matching hypothesis
d) social exchange theory
______ suggests that individuals use a filtering machinism that helps them sort out a potential mate from the vast pool of candidates, or eligible partners.
a) Social exchange theory
b) evolutionary theory
c) filter theory of mate selection
d) cohabitation theory
Which word refers to partners who are of different races, religions, and ethnicities?
a) exogamy
b) heterogamy
c) endogamy
d) homogamy
_____ are personalized and individualized, and represent our private wishes, hopes, deisres, and dreams.
a) Interpersonal scripts
b) cultural scripts
c) dating scripts
d) intrapsychic scripts
In Knapp's relationship escalation model, _____ is when individuals spend more time together, and their formal interactions give way to less formal and more spontaneous conversation.
a) intensification
b) experimenting/ exploration
c) integrating
d) initiation
If we find we want to spend more time with someone, we rely on _____, which tell us more about a person beyond a seperficial, casual level.
a) interaction cues
b) incidental cues
c) cognitive cues
d) preinteraction cues
_____ are behaviors and feelings that attempt to re-establish a relationship, such as trying to re-involve the ex-partner in sexual relations.
a) distress reactions
b) protest reactions
c) relational transgressions
d) interaction cues
Which of the following is NOT true about cohabitation?
a) Marriages preceded by cohabitation are more likely to end in divorce.
b) Couples who live together have the lowest level of premarital satisfaction when compared to other living arrangements.
c) Married couples that cohabitated before marriage have poorer communication skills in discussing problems than those couples who did not live together.
d) Cobahitation before marriage carries with it a decreased risk of violence against women and children.
_____ refers to mixed-gender circles of friends (typically in their 20s and 30s) who are the primary social support system for singles.
a) Near peers
b) Urban tribe
c) never-married singles
d) sacrament of marriage
Marriage is being replaced today by pair bonds that meet individual needs, such as cohabitation. This change is referred to as the _______.
a) deinstitutionalization of marriage
b) conjugal role
c) relational expectancy
d) sacrament of marriage
_____ is a legally binding sworn statement indicating that the couple views marriage as a lifelong commitment and union.
a) covenant marriage
b) legal separation
c) marriage as a legal contract
d) declaration of intent
These three states issue marriage license to same-sex couples: Connecticut, Vermont, and ______.
a) Rhode Island
b) Massachusetts
c) New Hampshire
d) Delaware
The life commitment of marriage provides stability, especially for ______.
a) women
b) children
c) the couple
d) men
A _____ is a culturally defined, culturally assigned set of behaviors each spouse is expected to carry out.
a) conjugal role
b) predetermined notion
c) gender socialization
d) spouse script
_____ interpersonal relationships are those that involve partnering with someone who is dissimilar to you in one or more dimentions, such as race, ethnic, and religious backgrounds, or differences in age, political ideology, socioeconomic status, and values and beliefs.
a) heterosexual
b) homosexual
c) Heterogamous
d) heterogenous
______ marriages are those in which individuals adhere to the same religion but may have different beliefs or follow different traditions within that faith (such as a Baptist who marries a Presbyterian).
a) extra-faith
b) interfaith
c) intrafaith
d) super-faith
Shared gender-specific social and cultural expectations that guide our beliefs, attitudes, and values about sex, such as our beliefs about appropiate sexual partners, sexual behaviors, and sexual conduct, are known as _________.
a) sexual scripts
b) sexual mores
c) gender identity frameworks
d) psychosocial scripts
______ is the oral stimulation of the male's external sex organs.
a) Cunnilingus
b) Fellatio
c) oral-genital sex
d) dyspareunia
In the _____ type of extramarital affair, the nonparticipating spouse may choose to tolerate the affair rather than seek the divorce.
a) clandestine
b) ambiguous
c) consensual
d) permissive
According to author and researcher Sabrina Weill, 61.6 percent of _____ have had sex.
a) students in college
b) eighth graders
c) tenth graders
d) twelfth graders
Sometimes referred to as the clap pr drip, _____ is the second most comment STI reported in the United States.
a) chlamydia
b) syphilis
c) gonorrhea
d) herpes
This type of behavior involves a wide range of behaviors, from flirting, to mutual masturbation, to oral and anal sex, to sexual intercourse.
a) emotional ERI
b) combination of sexual and emotional ERI
c) sexual ERI
d) physical ERI
According to Blumstein and Schwartz (1983), _____ exhibit the highest rate of accepted extra-relationship (nonmonogamy) sex than any other couple type.
a) gay men
b) lesbians
c) heterosexuals
d) bisexuals
______ is spread through infected fecal matter that is found in water and in food. This type os hepatitus is usually transmitted when people do not wash their hands after using the bathroom.
a) hepatitus D
b) hepatitus C
c) hepatitus B
d) hepatitus A
What percent of married couples have sex?
What percent of women fake orgasms?
HPV is a ______ infection.
Chlamidia is a _______ infection.
The rate of STDs in the United States is on the rise.
Condoms, so long as they are still wrapped, will stay affective even if carried around for months at a time in your wallet.
Name the four types of pathogens.
Fungal, bacterial, parasitic, and viral
Which of the four types of pathogens can be treated?
Bacterial and viral.
Spermicides are a good way to prevent HIV infection.
Which birth control is most affective?
Generally, STDs are more likely to harm who?
The best time to have sex in order to get pregnant is when?
is about 2 weeks after the day of your first period.
Among fertile couples, poregnancy will not occur if...
you practice abstinence
Fertility can be impaired by:
abortion, childbirth, hormonal contraception, and tight briefs
The symptothermal method requires what?
a thermometer
What condoms are most likely to break?
Polyurethane condoms