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31 terms

govt ch 4

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Barron v. Baltimore
Supreme Court considered whether the individual freedoms listed in the Bill of Rights were restrictions on state government as well as the national government
Gitlow v. New York
reconsidered the meaning of the 14th Amendment & its relationship to the Bill of Rights
Slaughterhouse cases
COURT RULING: protecting individual rights against state laws was a state responsibility and outside the power of the national government
Texas v. Johnson
Court ruled that Gregory Lee Johnson's act of burning the flag protected symbolic speech
US v. O'Brien
Symbolic speech was outlawed in this case
Tinker v. Des Moines
Symbolic speech was ruled in favor in this case
Schenck v. United States
Case involved with "clear and present danger"
Gitlow v. New York
§ Court ruled that his speech could be resisted if it had the "TENDENCY" to lead to illegal action
New York v. Sullivan
Court ruled that public officials can't damage for remarks made against them unless they can prove statements with reckless disregard for accuracy
Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire
fighting words were defined
Allen and Sedition Acts
made it a crime to utter false or malicious statements against the government
the Espionage Act
made it a crime to write or say anything negative about the government
Smith Act
outlawed the teaching of or advocating the forceful overthrow of the government or even organizing or joining a group with such a goal in mind
Dennis v. United States
upheld convictions of several leaders of the Communist party
Yates v. United States
Court said that the Smith Act could be applied only to those who teach an ACTION to overthrow government
Near v. Minnesota
Court ruled unconstitutional a Minnesota law that prohibited the publication of "malicious and defamatory" magazines
New York Times v. United States
Published secret government documents revealing details of the US involvement in the Vietnam War
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
Court gave public school administrators wide authority go censor school newspapers
Gannett Co. Inc v. De Pasquale
Press and public COULD be barred from pretrial hearings IF the trial judge strongly believed that publicity would HURT the defendant
Richmond Newspapers Inc v. Virginia
Court held that criminal trials are public event and MUST be open the public and press
Burstyn v. Wilson
Court ruled that films were protected from censorship by 1st and 14th Amendments
Miller v. California
Court did try to set guidelines for judging whether works are obscene
Cox v. New Hampshire
Court upheld a local ordinance requiring a permit for a parade on public streets
Feiner v. New York
Irving Feiner was arrested after his remarks criticizing public officials incensed a crowd ALMOST to the point of rioting.
Feiner v. New York
Court set precedent that the police may break up assemblies to preserve the peace
Edwards v. South Carolina
Court overturned the conviction of 150 black students
Everson v. Board of Education
Court upheld a New Jersey law that allowed that state to provide busing for students attending church-related schools.
Everson v. Board of Education
first ruling by Supreme Court on the ESTABLISHMENT CLAUSE
McCollum v. Board of Education
S. Court ruled that public that public classrooms and facilities could NOT be used for religious instruction
Zorach v. Clauson
Court approved a similar program
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Court developed a three-part test to determine whether a particular state law violated the Establishment Clause