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Barron v. Baltimore

Supreme Court considered whether the individual freedoms listed in the Bill of Rights were restrictions on state government as well as the national government

Gitlow v. New York

reconsidered the meaning of the 14th Amendment & its relationship to the Bill of Rights

Slaughterhouse cases

COURT RULING: protecting individual rights against state laws was a state responsibility and outside the power of the national government

Texas v. Johnson

Court ruled that Gregory Lee Johnson's act of burning the flag protected symbolic speech

US v. O'Brien

Symbolic speech was outlawed in this case

Tinker v. Des Moines

Symbolic speech was ruled in favor in this case

Schenck v. United States

Case involved with "clear and present danger"

Gitlow v. New York

§ Court ruled that his speech could be resisted if it had the "TENDENCY" to lead to illegal action

New York v. Sullivan

Court ruled that public officials can't damage for remarks made against them unless they can prove statements with reckless disregard for accuracy

Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire

fighting words were defined

Allen and Sedition Acts

made it a crime to utter false or malicious statements against the government

the Espionage Act

made it a crime to write or say anything negative about the government

Smith Act

outlawed the teaching of or advocating the forceful overthrow of the government or even organizing or joining a group with such a goal in mind

Dennis v. United States

upheld convictions of several leaders of the Communist party

Yates v. United States

Court said that the Smith Act could be applied only to those who teach an ACTION to overthrow government

Near v. Minnesota

Court ruled unconstitutional a Minnesota law that prohibited the publication of "malicious and defamatory" magazines

New York Times v. United States

Published secret government documents revealing details of the US involvement in the Vietnam War

Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier

Court gave public school administrators wide authority go censor school newspapers

Gannett Co. Inc v. De Pasquale

Press and public COULD be barred from pretrial hearings IF the trial judge strongly believed that publicity would HURT the defendant

Richmond Newspapers Inc v. Virginia

Court held that criminal trials are public event and MUST be open the public and press

Burstyn v. Wilson

Court ruled that films were protected from censorship by 1st and 14th Amendments

Miller v. California

Court did try to set guidelines for judging whether works are obscene

Cox v. New Hampshire

Court upheld a local ordinance requiring a permit for a parade on public streets

Feiner v. New York

Irving Feiner was arrested after his remarks criticizing public officials incensed a crowd ALMOST to the point of rioting.

Feiner v. New York

Court set precedent that the police may break up assemblies to preserve the peace

Edwards v. South Carolina

Court overturned the conviction of 150 black students

Everson v. Board of Education

Court upheld a New Jersey law that allowed that state to provide busing for students attending church-related schools.

Everson v. Board of Education

first ruling by Supreme Court on the ESTABLISHMENT CLAUSE

McCollum v. Board of Education

S. Court ruled that public that public classrooms and facilities could NOT be used for religious instruction

Zorach v. Clauson

Court approved a similar program

Lemon v. Kurtzman

Court developed a three-part test to determine whether a particular state law violated the Establishment Clause

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