Theories of Crisis Intervention Ch.1 Test 1

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3 levels of crisis theory

basic crisis intervention, expanded crisis theory, and applied crisis theory

Lindemann's normal grief behaviors

1. preoccupation with the lost one
2. identification with the lost one
3. expressions of guilt and hostility
4. some disorganization in daily routine
5. some evidence of somatic complaints

basic crisis intervention theory

crisis is a state resulting from impediments to life goals that cannot be overcome through customary behaviors

Basic Crisis Equilibrium/Disequilibrium Paradigm stages

1. disturbed equilibrium
2. brief therapy or grief work
3. client's working through the problem or grief
4. restoration of equilibrium

Basic Crisis intevention goal

eliminating the affective, behavioral, and cognitive distortions that precipitated the psychological trauma in the first place

brief therapy theory

attempts to remediate more or less ongoing emotional problems

basic crisis theory

focuses on helping people in crisis recognize and correct temporary affective, behavioral, and cognitive distortions brought on by traumatic events

expanded crisis theory

draws from psychoanalytic theory and from general systems, ecosystems, adaptational, interpersonal, chaos, and developmental theory.

psychoanalytic theory

based on the view that the disequilibrium that accompanies a person's crisis can be understood through gaining access to the individual's unconscious thoughts and past emotional experiences

systems theory

based in the interrelationships and interdependence among people and between people and events

ecosystems theory

broadens out the base of the system and looks at crisis in relationship to the environmental context within which it occurs

ecosystem theory use

most used when large-scale disasters occur and affect very large macrosystems

adaptational theory

depicts a person's crisis as being sustained through maladaptive behaviors, negative thoughts, and destructive defense mechanisms

interpersonal theory

people cannot sustain a personal state of crisis for very long if they believe in themselves and in others and have confidence that they can become self-actualized and overcome the crisis

chaos theory

theory of evolution when applied to human functioning such as crisis intervention. an open-ended, ever-changing, "self organizing" system whereby a new system may emerge out of the crisis

developmental theory

believe that movement through various developmental life stages is critical for growth

crisis in developmental theory

when an external, environmental, or situational crisis feeds into preexisting developmental crises, intrapersonal and interpersonal problems may reach the breaking point

Applied Crisis Theory

encompasses three domains
1. normal developmental crises
2. situational crises
3. existential crises
4. ecosystemic crises

developmental crises

events in the normal flow of human growth and evolution whereby a dramatic change or shift occurs that produces abnormal responses

situational crises

emerges with the occurrence of uncommon and extraordinary events that an individual has no way of forecasting or controlling

existential crises

includes the inner conflicts and anxieties that accompany important human issues of purpose, responsibility, independence, freedom, and commitment

ecosystemic crises

occur when some natural or human-caused disaster overtakes a person or a group of people who find themselves, through no fault or action of their own, inundated in the aftermath of an event that may adversely affect virtually every member of the environment in which they live

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