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Religion 11 - SA Voc - Final Exam Questions
Terms in this set (43)
How often do people confront suffering in their lives?
Throughout our lives
What do people tend to do when they experience suffering?
They have two basic choices, they can do something or nothing about it
Who is Jean Donovan and what did she do for the Maryknoll sisters?
Jean Donovan is a young, single woman who left her job as an accountant to work as a Maryknoll lay missionary in El Salvador
What happened to Jean Donovan?
She was raped and killed by 3 soldiers
What is the best known story of oppressed people in the Old Testament?
When the Egyptians enslaved the Jews, and Abraham was sent down to rescue them
What does the term Emmanuel mean according to the Book of Matthew?
God is with us
Was jewish society one of division as is ours today?
No, the jewish society was more based on religion
Why did Jean Donovan stay in El Salvador?
She helped the children, the poor, and victims of the civil war in El Salvador
What was role of the prophets?
They questioned the people of the time
A common catholic ideal, that helping others is also helping yourself.
What are the Catholic church's teaching on abortion and capital punishment?
God calls us to respect the life and dignity of all human beings because human life is sacred; therefore, the Church is against any form of abortion or capital punishment
What is an encyclical?
It is a letter from the pope to all the bishops
About how many abortions are performed each year?
About how many pregnancies that end in abortion are a result of rape?
What is meant by the both and approach?
To protect the well being of women and the well being of their unborn children, to seek both the well being of those harmed by crime an the well being of the one who causes that harm
Focuses on restoring the good that has been harmed by criminal activity - for the victims , the community, and the offender
Who deserves human dignity?
All people, because they are loved by God and made His image
What is the theme of St. Paul VI's apostolic letter 'A Call to Action'?
to "bring about the social, political and economic change"
What is the circle of faith in action and why is it more like a spiral?
3 step process that suggests that Christians should not act alone but could act with the help of Church, other people and the help of the Holy Spirit. It is more like a spiral because with each new step we earn more and go farther in depth into each step
What do we mean by the term social structures?
Social structures help shape our society. Individual decisions contribute to social structures
How does our culture shape our worldview?
Our basic beliefs that guide the way we relate to the world can be changed through past experiences, living environments, and personal relationships
Patterns of relationships that shape our society
What is the difference between direct and social action? Is one better than the other?
Direct Action - occurs at the level of individual relationships and is aimed at meeting an immediate need
Social Action - occurs on the level of social structures - social attempts to change the behavior of society and its institutions
What does the Book of Genesis say about people being given dominion over the earth?
'subdue the earth' and 'have dominion'
What brought toil into the world?
Explain the parable of the laborers
About God's generosity to all. Teaches us about the nature of work - landowner agrees to pay "whatever is right"
Explain the subjective and objective aspect of work?
- Subjective is what the worker experiences
- Objective is what the worker produces
Means of Production
A way of producing goods and services
What is meant by capital?
- Any human made resource that is used to produce other goods and services
- The means of producing goods
Who started the St. Vincent de Paul Society and the Knights of Labor?
Frederic Ozanam (Society) and Cardinal Gibbons (Knights)
What did the document Rerum Novarum address?
Provide rights and duties for workers and capitalists
- The dignity of work
- Just wage
- The role of state
- government should not interfere in private matters
- Private ownership of property
- Defense of the poor
What were some of the socialist movements that existed in the 19th century?
Marxism, Socialism, Communism, and Capitalism
Poor, outcast, homeless
What is the basic ways to live a full and dignified life?
By participating in communities
Attempts to determine who does and does not belong to the community by focusing on the differences that separate people from one another
Not ignoring the differences that make each person unique, recognizes that those differences are small compared to the dignity people share as images of God
What is meant by stereotype and where do our stereotypes come from?
Preconceived idea about someone, a group, an area or place; without knowing them, these are based off of our direct experience with others. Influenced by environment, culture, family, etc...
St. Paul uses the analogy of the body to explain community what other analogies could be used?
A working car, each part plays a role in its functionality
Do you believe the core themes of Rerum Novarum have changed since it was written?
No, I think that the core themes of Rerum Novarum have not changed since it was written. It still focuses on the dignity of work, just wage, defense of the poor,...
Does respecting human life simply mean allowing others to live? Explain
Yes, the church teaches that we must respect human life and are against abortion, and for allowing others to live.
What is meant by dehumanizing?
To deprive one of human qualities, personality, or spirit
Agree or disagree with modern societies are based on solidarity and cooperation. Explain
I agree, without solidarity or cooperation, a community and society could not function. One person cannot run a village or organization, members or an executive board must make decisions together that impact the well being of the community or society
What are some social structures that block justice?
Decisions that prevent people from having good jobs, good education, shelter, affordable child care, supportive families,...
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