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US History Final part 1
Terms in this set (82)
This city, which is located in the state of Alabama, was the first capital of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War
Sine the confederacy was running short of soldiers, the government passed this draft act which became the first draft in the United States history
a) enrollment act
b) conscription act
c) subscription act
d) selective service act
which of the following states was not a border state, which menas it was a slave owning state that remained loyal to the Union?
one exemption to this Union draft act was that a person who was drafted could pay $300 to the government to get out of fighting
a) conscription act
b) enrollment act
c) selective service act
d) subscription act
on April 9th, 1864, General Lee surrendered to General Grant at this site which ended the Civil War
d) washington DC
the ___________________, issued after the battle of Antietam, ended the alliance between the confederacy and European nations
a) enrollment act
b) gettysburg address
c) militia act
d) emancipation proclamation
on April 12th, 1861, Fort ________ was attacked by the Confederates who saw its being re-supplied as an act of war by the Union.
the ______________ plan was the battle strategy used by the Union at the end of the war. It included General Sherman marching to the sea while General Grant battled General Lee in Virginia
a) total war
famous confederate prison camp in Georgia where many soldiers died
these were slave owning states that were neutral during the Civil War
an all-black regiment that became the most famous black regiment due to their attack on Fort Wagner
recognized as a speech explaining American goals and values
allowed the treasury to make paper money called greenbacks.
Legal Tender Act
this right was suspended by President Lincoln for those that spoke out against the war
union battle strategy to shut down Confederate ports by placing naval ships in front of them
made land available to buy in the west at a very low price
"peace democrats" who called for ending the war at any price - including keeping slavery
describes freed slaves who were put to work doing manual labor for the union army
mandated that black soldiers be allowed into the military
the battle strategy used by the Union at the start of the war
biggest source of wartime money came from the sale of these
this was the first battle that had large casualties with the Union having 13,047 and the Confederacy having 11,600
this was more of a siege than a battle. The union emerged victorious, the confederate supply and communications lines were cut, and General Grant will be given control of the Union army a year later
the greatest confederate victory turned into its greatest when "stonewall" Jackson will be killed by his own men
the first major engagement of the war that proved to Americans the war was going to last
1st Bull Run
after General Lee repelled 14 Union attacks, it became very apparent that frontal assaults were not a sound battle strategy in this war
George Meade, the commander of the Union army at this battle, give the Union the victory after he destroys the Confederates during Pickett's charge. This battle is considered the turning point of the war as the North begins to dominate the South.
this was the first battle of ironclad warships which showed the world that wooden ships were now obsolete
Monitor vs Merrimack
John Ford will win this battle for the Confederacy in Texas which is considered to be the last major battle of the Civil War. The victory was for faught as the Confederacy surrenders two weeks later
this battle was the bloodiest day of the war with about 25,000 total casualties. President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation after this Union Victory
The right to vote cannot be denied because of a person's race of color is the main emphasis of which of the following constitutional amendments?
this term was used to describe white southerners who had been kept out of pre- Civil War politics and actively supported the Republicans plans for reconstruction
_______ can be defined as the practice of separating people on the basis of race and was a common practice in the North as well as the South
The 10% plan for reconstruction was started by __________ and stated if 10% of a states eligible voters signed an oath of loyalty, than that state could come back into the Union
a) Andrew Johnson
b) Andrew Jackson
c) Abraham Lincoln
d) Ulysses Grant
Under this policy, landowner provides shelter, seed and tools to its "workers" in return for a portion of the crops grown.
c) tenant farmers
For a president of the United States to lose their job the House of Reps must vote to __________________ that person who is then tried by the Senate
In response to the plan for Reconstruction, the Radical Republicans passed this series of acts which, among other punishments, put the south under military rule.
a) reconstruction acts of 1865
b) reconstruction acts of 1866
c) reconstruction acts of 1867
d) reconstruction acts of 1868
reconstruction acts of 1867
The radical republicans promised "forty acres and a mile" to this group of people living in America
b) union soldiers
c) confederate soldiers
The ________________________, led by women like Elizabeth Cady Stanton, believed that women and African Americans should be given the right to vote immediately.
which of the following was NOT a goal of Radical Reconstruction?
a) aid the ex-slaves
b) punish the south
c) promote the Democratic party
d) protect industrial growth in the north
promote the democratic party
true or false:
the policy of segregation was followed only in the south after the Civil War
true or false:
the presidential election of 1876 ended Radical Reconstruction
true or false:
amendments 14, 15 and 16 to the constitution are known as the Civil war amendments because they occurred as a result of the war
true or false:
the KKK dressed in white sheets pretending to be dead Union soldiers to scare the freed slaves and to try to stop the rising of African American powers.
true or false:
one of the goals for presidential reconstruction was to punish the south for starting the civil war
The first African American senator
required that a majority of a state's prewar voters pledge loyalty to the Union in order for that state to be readmitted
the policy of having separate facilities for blacks and whites
the term given to those southerners who joined the Republican Party and supported Reconstruction policies
he was a leader of a group of Congressmen that were known as the Radical Republicans
Rent was paid to the landowner and the farmer could manage his own crop and choose where to live. This was the most independent arrangement in the south.
these were politicians whose aim was to repair the image of the south in the eyes of congress
these were northerners, primarily politicians, who went to the south seeking to improve their economic or political lives
under this, the president needed congressional permission to remove certain officials from their office.
Tenure of office act
under this system, the landowner provided to the famer the tools, seed, and land In return for a portion of the crops that was grown.
revolutionized American steelmaking in the 1870's by making high quality steal cheaper to produce
Wrote Ragged Dick or Street Life in New York, preached success can be achieved through hard work
person who invests money or starts a business with the goal of making a profit
drilled the first oil well at a place called Titusville, Pennsylvania which later led to oil replacing whale blubber for fuel
this is when one person or business has complete control of one product in a certain area with no chance for competition to enter the market.
a business arrangement where a number of people share ownership thereby reducing the risk if the business fails.
applied the concept of "natural selection" to the business world
the US governments policy of not regulating business
companies assign their stock to a aboard of trustees who form a corporation.
when workers negotiated as a group for higher wages or better working conditions. Going on strike was a form of this
businesses that sell the same product agree to limit the supply of that product driving up the price
business developed ways to make large amounts of the products quickly which lowered prices
system of consolidating many firms in the same business. For example, when Cornelius Vanderbilt consolidated all of the different railroads
controlling all of the businesses in the production of a product. For example, when John Rockefeller controlled the oil industry from filling the oil all the way through to selling the finished product
tax on imported goods to make American made goods more likely to be bought
often times workers, like miners for example, were forced to live in towns where they worked. These towns were owned and operated by the business
leader of the American railway union, he was the first person who attempted to unite all railroad workers, regardless of their job.
he formed the Standard Oil Trust which combined 40 oil companies
during a time of economic troubles in the US he supplied the US treasury with 6.5 million to save the economy
he made billions producing cheap, high quality steel but is considered a Robber Baron because he treated workers horribly
after Ida Tarbell published a book detailing his business practices, in 1911 the government broke up the Standard Oil company into 34 new sectors
He made a railroad empire by consolidating many lines between Chicago and new York and also built the grand central depot as the hub for all his lines
this man could be considered the poster child for Robber Barons because he made his fortune by illegally manipulating stock markets and causing the Panic of 1869
at the age of 66, he sold his business to JP morgan
started out in steam boats and shipping industry but switched to railroads knowing there was a lot of money to be made
his idea of philanthropy was to leave his money to his son
his philanthropy consisted of giving money to his church, schools down south and the University of Chicago
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