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Frankenstein Final Review
Terms in this set (60)
She wrote it as a response to a challenge to a contest by Lord Byron and her husband, Percy Shelley, to think of a horror story. Whoever wrote the best story would be declared the winner.
Why did Mary Shelley write Frankenstein?
She was listening to her husband, Shelley, and Lord Byron talk about the nature of life, and the possibility of creating a creature.
What discussions influenced the development of her idea?
She is trying to "preserve the truth of the elementary principles of human nature."
In the preface, what does the author say she is trying to preserve?
It is an epistolary novel. This means it is written as a series of letters.
What is the structure, or form, of the novel?
They were written by Robert Walton.
Who was writing the letters?
They were written to Walton's sister, Mrs. Margaret Saville, in England.
To whom were the letters written?
He was in the Arctic, exploring unknown regions.
Where was the writer, and why was he there?
He and the crew found Frankenstein stuck on a large piece of ice. They rescued him and brought him aboard their vessel.
How did he meet Victor Frankenstein?
He liked Frankenstein, and hoped they would become friends.
How did Robert feel about his guest?
He was pursuing the creature.
Why was Frankenstein in the Arctic?
Victor Frankenstein told his story to Robert Walton.
Who told this part of the story?
Caroline Frankenstein saw her with a peasant family, and offered to raise her in better circumstances.
How did Elizabeth come to live with the Frankensteins?
It was Henry Clerval.
Who was Frankenstein's closest friend?
The authors he liked wrote about raising ghosts or devils. He tried to mimic them.
What was one of the themes of the writers who influenced Frankenstein?
He watched a tree being hit by lightning during a storm. He became interested in the theories of electricity and galvanism.
What natural phenomena influenced Frankenstein?
His mother died and he went to the university at Ingolstadt to study.
What two major events happened to Frankenstein when he was seventeen?
He wanted to try to renew life in a corpse, to "bestow animation upon lifeless matter."
What goal did Frankenstein decide to pursue?
He was horrified and disgusted.
How did Frankenstein feel when his experiment succeeded, and the creature came to life?
He became ill with a fever and delirium for several months.
What happened to Frankenstein the day after he completed his creation?
Henry Clerval did.
Who took care of Frankenstein during his illness?
He gave him a letter from Elisabeth.
What did Clerval give Frankenstein when he was better?
Frankenstein introduced Clerval to the professors. They studied and went for walks.
How did Frankenstein and Clerval spend the next several months?
Frankenstein's youngest brother, William, had been murdered.
What news did the letter from Frankenstein's father bring?
He saw the monster he had created.
What did Frankenstein see just outside the gates of Geneva as he was returning home?
Justine, who lived with the family, was accused. She had not been with the family on the night. William was murdered. Several people had seen her the next morning looking confused and frightened. A servant found the locket that Elizabeth had given to William in Justine's pocket.
Who was accused of committing the murder, and why?
He was sure the creature had committed the murder. He was torn between wanting to save Justine and not wanting to reveal his horrible secret to anyone. He considered himself the real murderer.
What was Frankenstein's reaction to this accusation?
He appealed to the courts to let Justine go free, and told his family that she was innocent, but he did not tell anyone about the creature.
What did Frankenstein do about his dilemma?
She confessed under pressure from her priest. She was convicted and hanged.
What happened to the accused person?
He was filled with remorse for all he had done. He was also fearful that the creature would commit other crimes.
What was Frankenstein's state of mind after the trial and its conclusion?
He traveled to the Alpine valley and the village of Chamounix.
Where did Frankenstein go to seek relief?
He met his creature.
Whom did Frankenstein meet after he had ascended to the summit of Montanvert?
He was full of rage and horror. He threatened to kill the creature.
How did Frankenstein react to this meeting?
He wanted Frankenstein to listen to the account of his life so far.
What did the creature want of Frankenstein?
He felt confused because of all of the new sensations.
How did the creature feel when he first felt life?
They shrieked, and threw rocks and other things at him, and drove him away from the village.
What was the reaction of the villagers the creature encountered?
He stayed in a lean-to attached to a cottage.
Where did the creature take shelter?
He saw that they cared for each other, that the two younger people treated the older man with great respect, and that they were often sad and hungry.
What observations did the creature make about the people in the cottage?
He learns to speak, and then to read, by observing and listening to the cottagers. He found a portmanteau that had several books in it, and he read them. He then read the letters that were in the pocket of the coat he had taken from Victor Frankenstein.
What does the creature learn to do, and how does he learn this?
The elder man was blind, and therefore could not see how hideous the creature looked. He invited the creature in and agreed to listen to his story.
What was the elder De Lacey's reaction when the creature entered the cottage and began speaking with him?
Agatha fainted, Safie fled, and Felix hit him with a stick until he left the cottage.
What was the reaction of the rest of the De Lacey family when they saw the creature?
He set fire to it in a rage.
What did the creature do to the cottage when he returned and found that the De Laceys had
He took the girl from the creature's arms, and shot the creature when he pursued the pair.
What was the reaction of the man whose daughter was saved from drowning by the creature?
He seized a small boy, and discovered that he was William Frankenstein.
What discovery did the creature make when he approached another human?
He strangled the boy.
What did the creature do to this person?
He was delighted that he was able to create despair for his creator.
How did the creature feel after his deed?
He said he found the locket on the boy, and took it. Later when he saw Justine sleeping, he put it in her pocket, intending that she should take the blame for the murder.
What did the creature tell Frankenstein about the locket?
He asked Frankenstein to create a female for him. He said that he was malicious because he was unhappy, and that if he were content he would not bother any more humans.
What did the creature ask Frankenstein to do, and why?
At first he refused, but as the creature continued his argument, Frankenstein felt compassion for him, and finally agreed to create a female.
How did Frankenstein react to this request?
He said, "I will be with you on your wedding night."
What threat did the creature make when he saw Frankenstein destroy his second creation?
He was accused of murder.
What happened to Frankenstein when he landed his boat?
It was Henry Clerval.
Who had been the creature's most recent victim?
Witnesses were able to prove that he was on the Orkney Islands at the time the body of Clerval was found. He was acquitted and released.
What happened at Frankenstein's trial?
He married Elizabeth.
What event occurred next in Frankenstein's life?
The creature broke into the room and killed Elizabeth.
What happened on Frankenstein and Elizabeth's wedding night?
He died of grief.
What happened to Frankenstein's father as a result of this latest tragedy?
The magistrate believed him, but said that he didn't think he and his men would be successful in catching the creature.
What was the magistrate's response when Frankenstein told him the entire story of the creature?
He decided to pursue the monster and kill him.
What did Frankenstein do after he left the magistrate?
Frankenstein knows his strength is failing. He asks Robert Walton to destroy the creature if he ever has the opportunity.
What request does Frankenstein make of Robert Walton?
He died of natural causes while in the cabin on the ship.
What happened to Frankenstein?
He came into the cabin and saw the dead Frankenstein. He told Walton that he was going to travel in the far north and kill himself. We last see the creature as he floats away into the darkness on an ice raft.
What happened to the creature?
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