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13 Colonies Study Guide
Terms in this set (52)
The environment in the New England Colonies had...
Without good farming soil, the settlers found other ways, such as forests and fishing, to make a profit.
The major job in the Southern Colonies...
A piece of land that is owned by another country. A group of people from a distant land who are ruled by the government of their native land.
Laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America.
A person who is the legal property of another and is forced to obey them. African slaves were used in the colonies.
Reasons for Colonization
Religious and political freedom and Economic opportunity.
Name the New England Colonies
New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island.
Name the Middle Colonies
New York, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania.
Name the Southern Colonies
North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Virginia, Maryland.
The Pilgrims were the separatists - they wanted to "purify" the church but they gave up and broke away from the Church of England. The Pilgrims wanted Religious freedom. They were persecuted by the members of the Anglican Church for their different religious beliefs.
Settlement location of the Plymouth settlers...
The importance of the Mayflower Compact...
Was the first attempt at a democratic government and they agreed to work together to to make laws.
What was the relationship between the natives and colonists like?
Some were friendly and were able to trade, while others were hostile and had wars. With the extent amount of colonists moving to America, it caused the natives to move west.
A route that exchanged goods between the west Indies, the American Colonies, and West Africa Slaves were part of this trade.
Large farms that used slave labor to grow cash crops [Southern Colonies] The plantation usually was located on a river, so goods could be transported easily it also included slave quarters, as well as buildings for specific industries such as : blacksmith, shoe maker, carpenter, etc.
The environment of the Middle Colonies had...
Natural resources for farming, lumber for shipbuilding, and good natural harbors for trading.
The environment of the Southern Colonies had...
Good soil for producing cash crops, such as tobacco, rice, indigo, and cotton.
What are the 3 systems of labor in the New England Colony?
Fishers, shipbuilders, traders
What was the environment like in the new England Colonies?
Short, humid summers and long harsh winters, rocky soil [not very fertile], short growing season, forests for lumber, oceans with plentiful fish/whaling
What was the environment like in the Middle Colonies?
Warm summers, cold winters, forests, fertile soil [soil with the proper nutrients so crops can grow easily] and moderate growing season
What was the environment like in the Southern Colonies?
Warm summers, very mild winters, very fertile soil, long growing season
What are the 3 major jobs in the New England Region?
Fishing, whaling, shipbuilding
Why were colonies in the New England Region colonized?
Climate in the New England...
Short summer, long snowy winters
What is the soil in New England like?
Who was the founder of Connecticut, who founded for religious freedom?
Who was the founder of Rhode Island for religious freedom?
What was the Climate in the Middle Region like?
Mild climate with good, fertile soil.
What did farms produce in the Middle Region?
Wheat, Barley, Rye, Corn (Breadbasket Colony)
Why was New York so valuable to England?
Important trading Port or Harbor.
Who was the founder of Pennsylvania who founded for the Quaker religion?
This was the religion William Penn was a part of
The beliefs that the Quaker religion consisted of.
Peacefulness and equality for all.
What is the climate and soil in the Southern Region
Warm climate with good, fertile soil.
The name of the things produced in the Southern Region
A large farm that grows cash crops with lots of workers in the South.
Someone who is forced to work on a plantation down South.
This was the founder of Georgia
In 1601 what was documented to establish representative government in the colonies?
The Mayflower Compact
Purpose for having colonies
England believed colonies in North America were to be a resource to help England make money.
Farmers grew cash crops, there were industries such as lumber and iron mills, and New York and Philadelphia were large trading centers.
Middle Colonies economy
Depended on plantations(large farms) producing large amounts of cash crops, especially rice and tobacco.
Southern colonies economy
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
a readily salable crop that is grown and gathered for the market (as vegetables or cotton or tobacco).
In 1661 a set of "codes" was made. It denied slaves basic fundamental rights, and gave their owners permission to treat them as they saw fit.
able to provide there own needs
A document that gives the holder the right to organize settlements in an area
The first permanent English settlement in North America, found in East Virginia.
Group of Puritan separatists who established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts to seek religious freedom after having lived briefly in the Netherlands.
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
Brother to King Charles II and founder of New York
Duke of York
-slavery, farmers, some specialized jobs (shoemaker, carpenter etc.)
System of labor in the Southern Colonies.
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