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Geography Civics Study Guide
Terms in this set (28)
the order in which events happen
used to track events by date in chronological order
B.C.E. or B.C.
"before common era" or "before Christ" -these refer to the years before the birth of Jesus in the Gregorian calendar.
C.E. or A.D.
common era" or "anno domini" -these refer to the years after the birth of Jesus in the Gregorian calendar.
Point of View
a personal attitude or opinion about a subject
a personal preference or belief about a person, event, etc.
a primary source is a source that originated at the time an event took place or was written by someone who experienced the event. Examples: letters, speeches, photographs, film footage, architecture, diaries, government records.
a source created after an event has taken place.
Examples: textbooks, biographies, encyclopedias, history books.
a period of 10 years
a period of 100 years
a period of 1,000 years
similar to era, a large division of time
a large division of time, usually larger than a period.
the study of human culture. Anthropologists study how humans adapt to their environment, how they interact with one another, and how they communicate, among other areas of human behavior.
the study of how people and nations make choices about how to use the resources available them. It also refers to how society
functions in reference to what is produced, how it's produced, and for whom it's produced.
the study of objects, buildings, etc. left behind by people. Archaeologists dig in search of these objects to discover how people lived. Archaeologists find pottery fragments, building supplies, jewelry, weapons, bones, shells, etc.
the study of social behavior, or how people interact with each other.
The World in Spatial Terms
Geographers use absolute location and relative location to locate places. Absolute location is the exact spot of a location on Earth using latitude and longitude coordinates. Relative location is the location of a place compared to the location of other places.
Places and Regions
These include physical features and human features (language, religion, architecture, etc.). A region is a group of places that share a set of common features.
These include ecosystems, weather, physical features, and forces that create and alter Earth's physical features. People's lives are affected by these physical systems (types of shelter, types of food available, types of jobs, etc.)
Human systems refer to culture, shelters, movement of people from place to place, economies, etc.
Environment and Society
They use natural resources to create energy (hydroelectric power, for example). It's also the study of how the environment is impacted by human actions.
This type of calendar was developed by Julius Caesar. It started counting dates based on the founding of Rome. At 365 1/4 days long, the Julian calendar faced challenges in accuracy. Every year, several minutes were lost, leading to a loss of a day every 128 years. As the years went by, that day added up. People realized a new calendar was needed.
In 1582 C.E., Pope Gregory XIII started a new calendar. He began counting years from the birth of Jesus. To solve the problem of losing days, he designed the calendar so that only years divisible by 400 would be a leap year.
a map that shows landforms and waterways
a map that shows the political boundaries of cities, states, countries, etc.
Population Density Map
a map that shows the number of people who live in specific geographic locations.
a map that shows the weather patterns of locations on Earth.
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