1. Gain attention:
e.g. present a good problem, a new situation, use a multimedia advertisement, ask questions.
This helps to ground the lesson, and to motivate
Describe the goal:
e.g. state what students will be able to accomplish and how they will be able to use the knowledge, give a demonstration if appropriate.
Allows students to frame information, i.e. treat it better.
Stimulate recall of prior knowledge
e.g. remind the student of prior knowledge relevant to the current lesson (facts, rules, procedures or skills). Show how knowledge is connected, provide the student with a framework that helps learning and remembering. Tests can be included.
Present the material to be learned
e.g. text, graphics, simulations, figures, pictures, sound, etc. Chunk information (avoid memory overload, recall information).
Provide guidance for learning
e.g. presentation of content is different from instructions on how to learn. Use of different channel (e.g. side-boxes)
Elicit performance "practice"
let the learner do something with the newly acquired behavior, practice skills or apply knowledge. At least use MCQ's.
Provide informative feedback ,
show correctness of the trainee's response, analyze learner's behavior, maybe present a good (step-by-step) solution of the problem
Assess performance test, if the lesson has been learned. Also give sometimes general progress information
Enhance retention and transfer :
e.g. inform the learner about similar problem situations, provide additional practice. Put the learner in a transfer situation. Maybe let the learner review the lesson.