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Unit Two Chpater 21
Lesson 5 - Action Terminology
Terms in this set (24)
Bends or decreases the angle of a joint. Action performed in midsagittal plane. Exception is (Lateral flexion)
Straightens or increases the angle of a joint. Action usually performed in the sagittal plane. Exception is (Hyperextension)
Movement away from the median plane. Action usually occurs in the coronal plane.
Movement toward the median plane. (Horizontal adduction is the opposite movement of horizontal abduction)
Lateral (outward) rotation of the forearm so the palm is turned up.
Medial (inward) rotation of the forearm so the palm is turned down.
Extension of the ankle so that the toes are pointing downward.
Flexing the ankle dorsally so that the toes are moving toward the shin.
Elevation of the medial edge of the foot so that the sole is turned inward (or medially).
Elevation of the lateral edge of the foot so that the sole is turned outward (or laterally).
The distal end of a structure moves in a circle and the proximal end is relatively fixed: also described a cone-shaped range of motion. It's a combo of several movements.
Circular movements when a bone moves around its own central axis. Also refered to as axial rotation.
Left and right rotation
Refers to the direction of rotation and is reserved for joints that lie in the median axis.
Lateral and medial rotation
Refers to the direction of rotation and is used for joints that lie outside of the median axis.
Upward (lateral) and Downward (medial)
Rotation terms reserved for the scapula.
Raising or lifting a body part, moving superiorly
Lowering or dropping a body part, moving inferiorly
Movement forward or anteriorly
Movement backward or posteriorly
Movement in which the tip of the thumb comes into contact with the tip of any other digit on the same hand.
Side-to-side movement, in the transverse plane.
Refers to an anterior or posterior tilting of the entire pelvis in the frontal plane around a mediolateral axis.
Iliums are tilted forward.
Iliums are tilted backward.
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