AP Psych Memory Terms
Terms in this set (45)
Persistence of learning overtime via the storage and retrieval of information
Processing of information into the memory system
Retention of encoding information over time
Process of getting information out of memory storage
Something is effortlessly encoded
Encoding that requires conscious effort and attention
The tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long term retention rather than through mass cramming for a test or recital
Serial Position effect
Tendency to remember/recall best the first and last things in a list
Encoding of pictures or images
Encoding the sounds or sounds of words
The encoding of meaning whether it's words and events
Memory aid that uses clever phrases or words to remember better
Peg Words System
Putting items in the a rhyme scheme to make a to do list
Ex. 1 bun, 2 shoe, 3 knee
Doesn't work well because the memories get skewed by day to day usage
Creating wild imagery to remember items, events, or ideas
Ex. Grocery lists
Organizing items into familiar or manageable units
Creates by George Miller in 1956 to say that short term memory is limited to 7 bits of info give or take 2
The practice of something into memory by repetition
Long term potentiation
Prolonged strengthening of potential neuron firing
What triggers hormones to make more glucose available to the brain for more brain activity?
Retention of independent of conscious recollection formed in the cerebellum
Ex. Riding a bike and other muscle mem. Stuff
Memory of facts and experience that one can consciously know and declare stored by the hippocampus
Ex. Knowing the 50 states
Waking of association without our conscious awareness
Influences how you can remember being in a specific location or situation
Eerie feeling of repetition
Storage decay over time
Blocking (tip of the tongue)
Inaccessibility of stored information
Confusing the source of information
The lingering effects of information via questioning typically with young children
Belief colored recollection
Established by Herman ebbinghaus that there is a gradual fading of information over time.
Something that prohibits retrieval
When old information blocks out new
Ex. You can only remember your freshman locker combo
When new information blocks out the old
Ex. You can only remember your new cell number not the old
Attributing memories to false sources
Incorporating misleading info into your memory
How long does echoic memory last?
How long does iconic memory last?
Method of loci
When you mentally visualize the location of specific items to help remember.
What someone remembers from memory after retrieval
State dependent memory
The tendency to recall information best when experiencing the same emotion that was felt when the information was learned.
When someone or something triggers a memory.
Compulsive gamblers frequently recall losing less money than is actually the case. This is an example of?
A test of memory when you can identify an object, person, or term.
Mood congruent memory
The more depressed Betty feels, the more easily she remembers many of the sad moments in her life.