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Too Much Swegs

Muslim World Unit
STUDY
PLAY
bazaar
a marketplace
kilim
a woven rug
arabesque
something that is made in a style like Arab
burqa
a piece of clothing worn by women, covering them from head to toe
mosque
a place where muslims gather to worship Islam
minaret
a tower where prayer is called from
muezzin
someone who calls prayer from a minaret
mihrab
the place in a mosque that is closest to Mecca
absolution fountain
a place where Muslims go to purify themselves before prayer
imam
the one who leads prayer in a mosque
oases
green areas fed by underground water
sheik
Leader of an Arab tribe
bedouins
Arab nomads who were vegitarians because their livestock were too valueable
kaaba
A black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine
muhammad
A prophet who introduced a religion called Islam in Arabia.
hijrah
the breaking of relationships between mecca and muslims
madina
the city of the prophet
quran
messages from allah put into a book considered the most holy in Islam
five pillars
belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimmage
law code
explains how society should be run
sunna
the names given to muhammads customs
caliphs
the succesor to the messenger of allah
righty guided caliphs
the first four caliphs. abu bakr, umar, uthaman, ali
ummayad
caliphs who ruled from 661 to 750.
damascus
the new capital of syria the ummayads chose
people of the book
christians and jews
sufis
muslisms who spent their time learning and praying
timbuktu
the leading center of learning in the 1300's
cordoba
the center of culture, and politics in spain
shiites
believed that ali, muhammad's son should succeed him and all future caliphs should be his decendants
sunni
accepted umayyad dynasty as rightful caliphs
abassids
dynasty after umayyad, lasting until 1258
baghdad
capital near the tigris and euphrates rivers
seljuk turks
nomads who overtook the abassids
sultan
"Holder of power"
suleiman the first
an ottoman ruler interested in architecture, brilliant general
visizer
officials more powerful than the sultans
janissaries
slaves, usually christians
moguls
muslim warriors
delhi
moguls made this the capital of their empire
akbar
brought peace and stability to part of india, as a ruler of the moguls
al-razi
a muslim chemist who developed a system for categorizing substances and created books to help identify sicknesses
ibn sina
A Persian doctor that showed how diseases spread from one person to another.
omar khayyam
A famous Muslim scholar and astronomer. Best known for "The Rubaiyat" which was a collection of 4 line poems.
ibn khaldun
A Muslim Historian who wrote that all civilizations, rise and fall. He was also one of the first historians to study the affect of geography and climate on people.
granada
A city in southeastern Spain.
agra
where the taj mahal is located