150 terms

RUSH 2nd Semester Exam Review

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20th, 21st, 22nd Amendments
20- Moved inauguration date to January 20th
21- alcohol is allowed now and they repealed the prohibition
22- can't be president more than 2 terms
A century of dishonor
-Written by Helen Hunt Jackson
-Detailed the injustices made to the Native Americans during the US expansion
Abolition
-Movement ended slavery
- William Lloyd Harrison
- Fredrick Douglas
- Harriet Tubman
Advantages and Disadvantages of South in Civil War
Advantages
- on homeland
- some of best officers
- good soldier skills
Disadvantages
- didn't have many factories
- didn't have many railroads
- 1/3 of population were slaves so they had less people that could become soldiers
Alexander G Bell
-Invented first telephone which sparked communication throughout country
American Federation of Labor
Union of skilled laborers formed by Samuel Gompers in 1866
Anaconda Plan
Military Strategy plan proposed by the Union (North) Winfield Scott
- Part of a grand plan designed to control the seceding states
- blockade the ocean, and Mississippi and cut the South in two
Andrew Mellon
Secretary of the treasury under Harding, Coolidge and Hoover
Antietam
- Battle in the Civil war
- one of the bloodiest days in history
- a critical day in the war
- Lee and Davis did not get their victory
- 5 days into the battle, Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation
- Britain and France were both not ready to recognize the confederacy
Archduke Ferdinand
-Assassinated by Gavrilo Princip in June 1914
- Heir to Austro-Hungarian throne
- Incident precipitated the outbreak of WWI in Europe
Billy Holiday
Popularized jazz and blues music
Bleeding Kansas
- Period of violence during the settling of Kansas Territory
- Was a pre-civil war (civil war foreplay)
- started off when pro-slavery people marched on the city of Lawrence
- John Brown marched on Potawatome Land and Creek and killed many pro-slavery people
-John Brown was a free soiler
- Kansas was eventually voted slave Free
- Pierce was president at the time
Blitzkrieg
-Means lightning war
- a strategy used by Germany in WWII
Booker T Washington
- Educator, reformer, infulential black leader
- Encouraged blacks to accept discrimination for the time being to concentrate on elevating themselves through hard work
- founded Tuskegee University
Brown vs Board of Education
- An african american man went to court to get schools to allow white and black students to go together
- this was about a 7 yr old black girl
- Became a law
- Overthrew Plessy vs Ferguson Case
Carlisle School
- Whitewashed the Indians to believing that they should be Christian and act like white people
Carnegie
inventor of the steel company
Carpetbagger
Northern emigrants who participated in the Republican governments of the reconstructed south
Carrie Nation
- Abolitionist woman who went to speakseasies and beat tgem us with bats
- husband died of alcoholism so she went to bars and smashed them
- Founded WCTU to outlaw the selling/drinking of alcohol
Charles Lindberg
-Son was kidnapped and killed
- 3 trials of the century
Chief Joseph
Leader of the Nez Perce
Compromise of 1850
- California was free
- New Mexico and Nebraska got to us popular sovereignty
- Texas boundaries (slave state)
- Texas debt was taken care of by federal government
- Slave trade is illegal in DC
- Taylor did not like it but Filmore signed it into law
Compromise of 1877
Hayes promised that he would take the troops out of the South if he was elected president as well as ending the Reconstruction
Consumerism in 1920s
Changed after WWI
- things improved chores and help the housewife-- vacuum, iron, washing machine, electric fridge
- Everything was improving
- Saved housework
Consumerism in 1950s and Suburbia
Consumerism in 1950s
- After WWII, America was in a good state economically
- more jobs, higher wages, and more relief support
- Many more jobs for men AND women and the poverty rate was dropping
- The rise of new companies and industries led to the creation of TVs and cars

Suburbia
- William Levitt
-Levittowns- an inexpensive place to live outside of the city
- they provided a comfortable and safe living place where people could feel safe
- originally was only open to veterans but eventually was open to more -- they went up very quickly and they started making 36 houses per day
Copperhead
-During civil war split into two parties
- war democrats---> supported war
- copperheads---> opposed war
Credit Mobilier
-President Grant
- Major stockholders gave their shares of the railroad to influential congressmen
Cult of True Womanhood
- Early 19th century male expectations of the role of women in society reflected a "Cult of True Womanhood" or as "Cult of Domesticity"
- A woman was expected to be pious, pure. submissive, and domesticated; her place was in the home
-Many women became college educated and wanted to use their knowledge and skills to work for the public goodq
Dawes and Young Plans
- International arrangements to help Europeans nations pay their reparation debt
- Dawes Plan: tried to help Germany pay back reparations
- The onset of the depression in 30s ruined the chances that their war debts would continue to be paid
Dawes Severalty Act
1887 law terminating tribal ownership of land and allotting some parcels of land to individuals with the remainder open for white settlement
D-Day
- June 6, 1944
- Allied troops crossed the English Channel and opened a second front in Western Europe
Dixon- Yates
-Atomic Energy Commission
- We give the Tennessee Valley a private firm- which is not ok
- Synthesis- credit mobilier(railroads) , Hardings Teapot dome (oil)
Doolittle Raids
WWII air raid by US on Japan
Dred Scott
-Missouri slave who sued for his freedom, claiming his 4 yr stay in the northern part of Louisiana Territory made land free by the Missouri Compromise had made him a free man
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin
FED
- Federal Reserve System
- Started by Congress in 1913
- The Federal Reserve controls the amount of money in circulation through the reserves and interest rates
- Woodrow Wilson signed the Federal Reserve Act
- split the US into 12 districts each with a federal reserve bank
- each bank was independent but was controlled by the reserve
- which was controlled by the public
Fourteen Points
Woodrow Wilson's plan for self determination, independence, and borders of nations
Fredrick Douglas
- Wrote narrative of a Life of a Slave
- Abolitionist
- Former Slave
Flappers
-Dancers
-Went to blind tigers and blind pigs
-Clara Bow "IT girl"
-Theda Bara- starred in many silent films
1920s
Dust Bowl
-Period of dust storms that damaged agriculture during 1930s in the great planes
-Dorothea Lange took a picture of this
-John Steinbeck wrote the Grapes of Wrath about the dust bowl
Emancipation Proclamation
-Declared all slaves free in the territories that were rebelling against the federal government (the South)
-Showed a change of why the war was being fought
--Before: to unite the states
--Now: slavery
-"Great Emancipator"- Lincoln
Doughboys
US soldiers were called this during the Cold War
Francis Townsend
Father of social security during the New Deal that influenced FDR
Geronimo
-Leader of the Apache tribe
-Apache attackers assaulted settles in Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico
-Geronimo fought against them but was hunted even across the Mexican border
-Captured after the army seized female Apaches and deported them to Florida and deprived the warring tribesmen of a food supply
-His 1886 defeat marked the end of open resistance by native americans in the west
Great Blizzard
Caused livestock to perish and stranded schoolchildren, who ended up dying and killed parents who ventured out to rescue them
Great Society/War on Poverty
-Lyndon Johnson declared war on poverty as part of his "great Society"
-It included
--Medicare to help elderly
--Low income housing
--Stronger air and water quality acts
Harlem Renaissance
-Langston Hughes(literature)
-Billy Holiday(singer)
-Louis Armstrong (musician)
-1920s artistic movement coming out of harlem NY with memphis and NOLA, where you have jazz music, visual arts, literature
Harriet Beecher Stowe
-Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
-Book that really sparked the Civil War
-It appealed to women because it showed the brutality of slave culture and women began to empathize
Harry Truman
-Became president after Roosevelt's death
-Led the country through the last few months of World War II
-Made the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan
-Truman was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which helped Western Europe's economic recovery
Herbert Hoover
-Helped Russia when they entered the famine. He also couldn't feed the country during Great Depression when he was president so this was ironic
Homestead Act
-Pay less than $20 for a plot of land and if it is improved in 5 years you are able to keep it
-Single women and African Americans took advantage
Ida Tarbell
-Her father was involved in the oil
-Her father was driven out of business by Rockefeller
-Then she exposed Rockefeller for not having monopoly. Rockefeller had the government in his pocket and it wasn't right
-"HISTORY OF THE STANDARD OIL COMPANY."
Initiative
People have the right to propose a new law
Japanese Internment
Took many Japanese-American families away from their homes and into internment camp
John Brown
-John Brown marched on Potawatome Land and Creek and killed a bunch of pro-slavery (he was a free soiler) and Kansas ended up voting Slave FREE
-Participated in Bleeding Kansas
Kellogg Brand Pact
-Or Pact of Paris
-A 1928 international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be
League of Nations
-International organization founded to promote world peace and cooperation but greatly weakened by the refusal of the United States to join
-Designed to handle global diplomatic problems before they turned into wars
-Failed to stop Italy, Japan, and Germany in the 1930s
-Part of Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points
Levittowns
-Used mass production techniques to build inexpensive homes in suburban New York to help relieve the postwar housing shortage
-became a symbol of the movement to the suburbs in the years after WWII
Lowell System
-Women worked in the factories (lower class)
-Located in Massachusetts
-Supposed to get an education but it didn't happen
Malcolm X
-African American muslim
-Militant advocate of black separatism until 1964
-Assassinated in 1965
-Influencer and in charge of the Black Power Movement
-Rejected policy of nonviolence and integration was a long term goa
Nothing to Fear
-FDR's speech in 1932
--" only thing we have to fear is fear itself"
Panama Canal
Roosevelt built this canal against in Panama against Columbia
Populists
-known as the People's party or the Farmers' party
a political group that gained much support from farmers who turned to them to fight political unfairness
-James B. Weaver ran as their presidential candidate
Progressives
-Calvin Coolidge- brought no significant change to Harding's laissez faire, pro- business style
-Al Smith- first catholic ever to earn the nomination of a major party
Pullman v Coal Mine Strikers
Pullman
-The Pullman Palace Car Company cut wages while maintaining rents and prices in a company town
-Ended when President Cleveland ordered federal troops to Chicago

Coal Miners
- A strike by the United Mine Workers of America in eastern Pennsylvania
Reconstruction Amendments
-13th Amendment- Abolished slavery.
-14th Amendment-Us citizens have equal rights and protections
-15th Amendment-Cannot deny any man the right to vote because of race
Referendum
A law passed by the legislature can be reference to the people for approval/veto
Robber Baron
-An American capitalist at the turn of the 19th century who enriched himself upon the sweat of others, exploited natural resources, or possessed unfair government influence
-John D. Rockefeller → Captain of Industry (business leader who gains wealth by contributing to society through good business tactics), or Robber Baron (Someone who steals)
Roosevelt Corollary
Roosevelt announced as a corollary to the Monroe Doctrine that the United States had a right to intervene in the internal affairs of Latin American nations should those nations become unstable
During this, the United States assumed the role of a hemispheric policeman
Rosenbergs
-Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were investigated for selling secrets about nuclear advancements to Soviet Union
-sentenced to electric chair
Roughriders
Group of American volunteers who fought in the Spanish-american war
Sacco and Vanzetti
-On April 15, 1921, two employees of a shoe warehouse in Massachusetts, were murdered during a robbery
-The police investigating the crime arrested two Italian immigrants named NICOLA SACCO AND BARTOLOMEO VANZETTI.
-They got the electric chair
-xenophobia - scared of foreigners
-Later on, evidence came out that one of the convicted may have done it but the other one had nothing to do with the crime
--THREE TRIALS OF THE CENTURY
Scabs
-A worker who agreed with the protestors and wanted what they were fighting for, but they didn't want to lose their job, so they continued going to work instead of joining the protest
Simmons Underwood
1913 reform law that lowered tariff rates and levied the first regular federal income tax
Smoot Hawley
-1930 Tariff enacted by Congress
-Raised duties on most manufactured goods to prohibitive levels
-Europeans could not make their war debt payments because they were unable to earn American dollars in trade, so this aggravated the depression of both the American and European economies
-Hawley Smoot Tariff: believing in a balanced budget, Hoover's 1931 economic plan cut federal spending and increased taxes, both of which inhibited individual efforts to spur the economy
Spanish American War
-Brief 1898 conflict
-The United States defeated Spanish forces in Cuba and the Philippines and forced Spain to relinquish control over Cuba and cede the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and other territories to the United States
Stephen Douglas
-The sponsor of the Kansas-Nebraska Act as well as the most vocal supporter of popular sovereignty
-Freeport Doctrine-slavery could be excluded from territories of the United States by local legislation
Stone Wall Jackson
-Confederate soldier who was known for his fierce and bold decisions on the battlefield
-Earned nickname "Stonewall" because he bravely stood in Union fire range during the battle of bull run
-His own men accidentally wounded him during the Battle of Chancellorsville and he died shortly after
Huey P Long
- Greatest threat to Roosevelt
- Huey "The Kingfish" Long of Louisiana
- Country lawyer who became governor of
Louisiana in 1928
- "Share the wealth" with the motto "every man a
king"
- Proposed a 100% tax on personal fortunes
exceeding a million dollars
- Elderly would receive pensions
- The poorest american were promised an estate
worth no less than $5000 with a $2500 early
minimum income guaranteed
- Assassin killed Huey in 1935
Taft
-Served under Roosevelt and was reluctant to run for president but his wife (Nellie) pushed him into presidency
-He let his cabinet members do what they wanted and hated making decisions and procrastinated
-He reversed a lot of Roosevelt's plans
-Roosevelt did not like Taft
-Taft ran again and lost and became chief justice of united states
Teapot Dome
-Exposed Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall for accepting bribes for allowing private oil companies to lease public lands
-Under Harding
-An oil reserve that the navy had that they gave to a private company without bids or a contract
Temperance
The moderation or abstention in the use of alcohol gained many supporters in the early 1800s
The Missouri
The ship where the formal peace treaty was signed between Japan and the Allied forces
Treaty of Versailles
-Created to solve problems made by World War I
-Germany was forced to accept the treaty
-Composed of only four of the original points made by President Woodrow Wilson
-The treaty punished Germany and did nothing to stop the threat of future wars
-It maintained the pre-war power structure
VE Day
Victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
War Guilt
-War Guilt Clause--the opening article of the reparations section of the Treaty of Versailles, which ended the First World War between the German Empire and the Allied and Associated Powers
-Made Germany pay for all of the war reparations
WEB Dubois
-Criticized Booker T. Washington's views on civil rights as being accommodationist
-Advocated "ceaseless agitation" for civil rights, immediate end to segregation, and an enforcement of laws to protect civil rights and equality
Wobblies
Believed that compromise with owners was no solution
Woodrow Wilson
-Federal reserve
-WWI- treaty of Versaille
-Underwood simmons tariff
-19th amendment passed under him
-Clayton antitrust act- finally did what the sherman antitrust should have done
Yellow Journalism
-Exposed things about Spanish American war
-Muckrakers
Marcus Garvey
-He said that African Americans were never going to be equal in America so he led a movement to go back to Africa
Jefferson Davis
- President of the Southern Confederate States
- Struggled to form a solid government for the
states to be governed by
- Carried out military operations
JP Morgan
- Born into a wealthy family
- His father arranged for an executive track
position at one of New York's finest banks.
- He owned White Star which owned the Titanic
Langston Hughes
- Poet of the Harlem Renaissance who described
the rich culture of african American life using
rhythms influenced by jazz music
- Wrote "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" and "My
People"
Pullman
-An American inventor and industrialist
invented the Pullman sleeping car
- Began the pullman strike when he reduced
wages
-A nationwide conflict between labor unions
and railroads that began in 1894 when
employees of the pullman palace car
company began by the company reducing
wages.
Radical Republicans
-Led by Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner
-Wanted to disenfranchise large numbers of
Southern whites, protect black civil rights,
confiscate the property of wealthy whites who
aided the confederacy, and distribute the land
among the freedmen
Red Scare
First
-It was a reaction to the Bolshevik revolution
-Communists were in charge of Russia
-Led by A Mitchell Palmer
-Trying to get rid of communists
Second
-McCarthy not wanting communists to get into
the country
Return to normalcy
Warren Harding
-Promised tranquility after the war
Marshall Plan
A program by which the United States gave large amounts of economic aid to European countries to help them rebuild after the devastation of World War II
Rosa Parks
Chose to sit in the "white" area on the bus and refused to move and went to jail for it
Levi Strauss
-Invented levi jeans
-used for the miners
Sacco and Venzetti
-On April 15, 1921, two employees of a shoe
warehouse in Massachusetts, were murdered
during a robbery
-The police investigating the crime arrested two
Italian immigrants named NICOLA SACCO AND
BARTOLOMEO VANZETTI.
-They got the electric chair
-xenophobia - scared of foreigners
- Later on, evidence came out that one of the
convicted may have done it but the other one
had nothing to do with the crime
-THREE TRIALS OF THE CENTURY
Scabs
A worker who agreed with the protestors and wanted what they were fighting for, but they didn't want to lose their job, so they continued going to work instead of joining the protest
Rocketfeller
Founder of the Standard Oil Company and many charitable organizations (very rich)
Smoot Hawley
- 1930 Tariff enacted by Congress
- Raised duties on most manufactured goods to
prohibitive levels
-Europeans could not make their war debt
payments because they were unable to earn --
- American dollars in trade, so this aggravated the
depression of both the American and European
economies
- Hawley Smoot Tariff: believing in a balanced
budget, Hoover's 1931 economic plan cut
federal spending and increased taxes, both of
which inhibited individual efforts to spur the
economy
Spanish American War
- Brief 1898 conflict
- The United States defeated Spanish forces in
Cuba and the Philippines and forced Spain to
relinquish control over Cuba and cede the
Philippines, Puerto Rico, and other territories to
the United States
Stephen Douglas
- The sponsor of the Kansas-Nebraska Act as well
as the most vocal supporter of popular
sovereignty
- Freeport Doctrine-slavery could be excluded
from territories of the United States by local
legislation
Stone Wall Jackson
- Confederate soldier who was known for his fierce
and bold decisions on the battlefield
-Earned nickname "Stonewall" because he bravely
stood in Union fire range during the battle of
bull run
- His own men accidentally wounded him during
the Battle of Chancellorsville and he died
shortly after
taft
- Served under Roosevelt and was reluctant to run
for president but his wife (Nellie) pushed him
into presidency
- He let his cabinet members do what they wanted
and hated making decisions and procrastinated
- He reversed a lot of Roosevelt's plans
- Roosevelt did not like Taft
- Taft ran again and lost and became chief justice
of united states
Teapot Dome
- Exposed Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall for
accepting bribes for allowing private oil
companies to lease public lands
- Under Harding
- An oil reserve that the navy had that they gave to
a private company without bids or a contract
Rose the Riveter
Symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war
Simmons Underwood
1913 reform law that lowered tariff rates and levied the first regular federal income tax
Temperance
The moderation or abstention in the use of alcohol gained many supporters in the early 1800s
The Grapes of Wrath
Written by John Steinbeck
Treaty of Paris, 1898
- Ended the Spanish-American War
- Transferred the Spanish colonies of Puerto Rico,
Guam, and the Philippines to the United States
The Jungle
Upton Sinclair wrote this book speaking about the problems with the meat industry
Victoria Woodhull
- believed in free love
- Feminist writer published Woodhull and Claflin's
Weekly; journal charged that Henry Ward
Beecher was having an adulterous affair
- Also advocated for women obtain greater
economic independence and equality
Watergate
- 5 men were taken into custody for entering the
democratic national committee hq at the
Watergate hotel
- One of the burglars was on Nixon's campaign
and he admitted that he was order to break in
to get secret information
William Lloyd Harrison
- Published an antislavery newspaper called "The
Liberator"
-Was in favor of northern succession
Women's Roles
WWI
-Women were hired to take over the jobs of the
men off at war
-They were selling bonds, coordinating
food conservation drives, and working for
hospitals and the Red Cross
- Over 16,000 went overseas to serve as
nurses, clerical workers, telephone operators,
and canteen operators
- 11,000 women served in the armed forces
shifted jobs from domestic service to heavy
industry to compensate for the labor
shortage owing to military service
WWII
-Women workers rose by 50% and married
women became the majority of female wage
earners
- More than 350,000 served though they were
paid less and prohibited from supervising
male workers
The Maine
- United States Battleship sent by President - -
- McKinley to Cuba in 1898
- Mysteriously blown up in Havana harbor
- United States held Spanish responsible
- Incident led to the Spanish-American War
Zimmermann
- Germany sent telegram to mexico saying to join
the war and if they help Germany, then
Germany will help them get land back from
the us that they lost in the Mexican american
war
- Telegram was intercepted by British and told to
US, that was the last straw, so they entered
WWI
Lincoln Speeches
-Gettysburg Address
-Reiterated the principles of human equality
espoused by the Declaration of Independence
-Proclaimed the Civil War as a struggle for the
preservation of the Union sundered by the
secession crisis
-Redefined the Civil War as a struggle not just
for the Union, but also for the principle of
human equality
-House Divided Speech
-Created an image of the danger of slavery-
based disunion; It rallied Republicans across
the North
-"A house divided against itself cannot stand."
Vanderbilt
-Made railroads
-A monopolist's
-Gilded Age
Yellow Dog Contracts
Oath signed by an employee to swear they would not join a union
Progressive Amendments
18th amendment
-No manufacture, sale, or transportation of
alcohol
19th amendment
-Women the right to vote
MacArthur
-American five-star general and Field Marshal of
the Philippine Army
-Chief of Staff of the United States Army during - -1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific
theater during WWII
March to the Sea
-Famous march to destroy the south "Total War"
-Burned down atlanta; anything of military value
was destroyed
-Confederates abandoned their city to the union
soldiers
-His victory secured Lincoln's election in the fall
- March of destruction across georgia
- The south refuses to submit to the union
- Outcome - modern industrialized "united" nation
- Led by William Tecumseh Sherman
Margaret Sanger
-Promoted birth control
-Mother of Planned Parenthood
Martin Luther King Jr
- Leader of Civil Rights Movement
- Led Dexter Avenue Baptist Church (Montgomery,
Alabama)
- Studied teachings by Ghandi and Thoreau → civil
disobedience and nonviolence resistance to
injustice (peaceful protests)
- Part of Montgomery Improvement Association →
organized boycott of Montgomery's buses
- Demands: Blacks should be treated equally
- Supreme Court agreed with Montgomery
- Improvement Association and outlawed
segregated busing
Louis Armstrong
American trumpeter
Nat Turner
- Was a Baptist preacher of slavery and slave in
Virginia
- In 1831, he thought that he was a prophet and saw
God
- He saw an eclipse and thought it was a sign to
start killing his owners and other white slave-
owners
- Because of what he did, Virginia applied more
black codes (curfews, no guns, and no reading)
New Deal
- Franklin D. Roosevelt's campaign promise
- Promised in his speech to the Democratic
National COnvention of 1932, to combat the
Great Depression with a "new deal for the
American people"
- Became a catword or his ambitious plan of
economic programs
- FDR's plan to rebuild America through Keynesian
economics (Keynesian: government will
introduce jobs by building up the
infrastructure)
- New Deals had lots of new ideas and
organizations to help America
- Intended to boost both industries and
working Americans
-Help farmers
Nuremberg and Tokyo Trials
Nuremberg
- Series of military tribunals
- Held by the main victorious Allied forces of
WW2
- Notable for prosecution of prominent
members of political, military, and economic
leadership of Nazi Germany
- Held in Nuremberg, Bavaria Germany in 1945-
46 at the Palace of Justice
-Nuremberg considered the ceremonial
birthplace of the Nazi Party
-Hosted annual propaganda there
-Ironic place to mark the party's symbolic
demise
Tokyo
-April 29, 1946- November 12, 1948
-To try leaders of Japan for three types of
crimes:
Class A: Conspiracy to start and wage war
Class B: Crimes against humanity
Class C: Planning, authorizing or failing to
prevent crimes
Plessy vs Ferguson
- Homer Plessy refused to sit in the "colored" car
under LA Law
- Supreme court created the "Separate but equal"
clause
-Races could be segregated in different cars,
schools, etc but conditions had to be equal
Molly Maguires
19th century secret society in Ireland known for their activism between coal miners
Immigration Exclusion and Quota System
-Immigration Act of 1924
- there was going to be a certain number of immigrants allowed into the US
-Each nationality was assigned a quota
based on its representation in past US census
- 2% of each nationality were allowed
into US
- Excluded all from the "Asiatic Barred Zone"
-This did not include Japan, China or the
Philippines
-But Chinese were denied access
from the Chinese exclusion act
- Philippines were a US colony
- Japan voluntarily limited their
immigration into the US
Jane Addams
-Founder of Settlement House Movement
- First American Woman to earn a Nobel Peace Prize
- President of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
-Hull house
Monkey Trial
-Scopes taught evolution in schools
--This is against the Butler Law in Tennessee
---THREE TRIALS OF THE CENTURY
Nazi Soviet Pact
-provided for 10 years of peace between the USSR and Germany
-Hitler and Stalin invaded Poland
-Also called non-aggression treaty
McCarthy
-was a Senator from Wisconsin, who helped stir up -Cold War fears
-began campaign to find Communists in US government
-claimed to have a list of Communists, who worked in State Department, but never produced list
method of making accusations without proof
-became known as McCarthyism
Little Crow
Leader of Sioux tribe
Gospel of Wealth
-Carnegie and Rockefeller agreed that the successful people were the ones with the skills but also believed that God played a role in deciding who got the skills
-Believed you had to spend your money for the greater good
-Rich Americans should engage in philanthropy and charity to close the gap between rich and poor
General Custer
-US general commanded his army at battle of Little BigHorn against the Sioux
-Was eventually killed
-Discovered gold in Black Hills of South Dakota.
Henry Cabot Lodge
-Refused to ratify the treaty of Versailles
- He did not want the US to join the league of Nations
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
-Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki involved
- Nuclear attack on the Japanese city of
Hiroshima by the United States Army Air Forces
called "Little Boy"
-"Fat Man" bomb over Nagasaki during World
War II against the Empire of Japan
- Bombings ended the war months sooner which saved many lives
Harriet Tubman
-Abolitionists
- Underground railroad
Gen Lee
-From Virginia
-Confederate General during the Civil War
-Lees forces were heavily outnumbered but had their own land on their side as an advantage
-Opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
Gen Eisenhower
-The U. S. general who led the attack in North Africa
-Organized the D-Day invasion in Europe
-He ran for the Republican ticket in the 1952 and the 1956 elections and won
Freedmen's Bureau
-Reconstruction agency established in 1965
-Protected the legal rights of former slaves and to assist with their education, jobs, healthcare, and landowning