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Politics of the United States
AP Gov SECTION 1
The President and the Constitution
Terms in this set (52)
What is the length of term for a president?
Roles of a president
1. Head of state
2. Chief executive
3. Chief diplomat
4. Commander in chief
5. Chief legislator
6. Chief jurist
7. Head of the political party
8. Chief economist
What are some responsibilities of the VP?
President of the senate, may become President
What are the two responsibilities of the VP in the senate?
President of the Senate, break ties
How can the President be described as a citizen?
First/Top citizen: set a standard to be followed
How many full terms can the president serve?
2 terms (22nd amendment) 10 years as president
Why can't a former president, who has already served two terms, serve as VP?
More than two terms would be served if the president dies
What is one unique qualification about a presidents citizenship?
Natural born citizen- born in US or to US citizens
List 4 causes for a VP to succeed a president
Removal from office, death, resignation, inability to be president
In the beginning of the US, who were the two persons next in line to succeed if the president and vp both died?
President pro-tempore of the Senate followed by the Speaker of the House
What is the difference between an executive and acting president?
Executive is permanent, acting is not
Why was the Presidential Succession Act changed to exclude members of Congress?
If Congress is out of session and both the president and VP die, then no one is available to succeed to the presidency
How many presidents have been assassinated?
How many presidents have died of illness?
What provision was made to include the President Pro-tempore and speaker of the House back into the presidential succession?
They were placed before the cabinet in 1947
How is a vice president replaced?
President nominated a new one
What may presidents do when undergoing surgical procedure?
Sign off their duties to VP- make him acting president
Why do you think some people believed in the "Curse of Tippecanoe"
After the Battle of Tippecanoe, presidents were dying every 20 years
When can Congress raise or lower the President's salary?
Congress can't change salary while they're in office- has to be before the beginning of a new term of office
What is the current salary of the president?
What are some other benefits provided to the president?
Air Force One, marine one, cadillac one, the white house, camp david, kitchen staff, house cleaning and security
What services are retired presidents provided?
Medical care, personal staff and security
After serving as president, what is a former president allowed to build?
What does it mean to be commander in chief?
President in charge of all armed forces. President may deploy troops but may not declare war.
Who can declare war?
Who approves a President's cabinet?
What does a presidential pardon do?
Releases a person from any punishment for a crime
What two Presidential actions did Patty Hearst receive?
Reprieve and a pardon
What is a treaty?
Formal agreement between two countries
Who must approve a treaty?
How is a congressional-executive agreement approved?
A majority in both houses- only binding while president is in office
What happened to the Treaty of Versailles in America?
The Senate did not ratify it
Who nominates members of the Supreme Court?
What did FDR try to do to the Supreme Court?
Pack it with a majority of his appointees
Which two groups opposed the nomination of Sandra Day O'Connor?
Anti-Abortion and Moral Majority
How does the President generally nominated ambassadors?
As political favors
How can a President use a recess appointment for political advantage?
President can appoint someone that the Senate does not approve of
Where does it say the President must give a State of the Union address?
Who does the President give the State of the Union address to?
Joint session of congress
What does the President say in the State of the Union?
Condition of nation, president's legislative agenda, national priorities
What reasons have presidents had to call special sessions of congress?
War, appointment of judges, legislation in time of crisis
Who does the President meet with as the chief executive of the US?
Ambassadors and foreign ministers
What is the President charged with protecting the law?
"Take care that the laws be faithfully executed"
What must the President do for all congressional legislation?
What can the Congress do if the President vetoes a bill?
What happens to a bill if the president does not sign it after 10 days?
It becomes a law
What is a special veto done when congress has less than 10 days left in session?
Why is the threat of veto important?
It forces Congress to compromise
What is the President responsible for granting to military officers?
What does the President make and oath to protect and defend?
What did President Lincoln suspend during the Civil War?
What did Andrew Jackson refuse to support?
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
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