Sociology Test 2

Systems of Stratification
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Terms in this set (36)
ProletariatPoorClass ConsciousnessA common identity that is based on positions relative to the means of production. (Rich- own lifestyle) (poor- own dif lifestyle) rich & poor don't mixFalse ConsciousnessThe proletariat identifies with and wants to be like the bourgeoisie. *** The idea that we don't want to end the exploitation but we want to become the exploiters.Social ClassLarge groups of people who rank closely to one another in terms of wealth, power, and prestige.Wealth distributioni. 2/3 68% of wealth, is owned by 10 % of the population. ii. 50% of all wealth, is owned by 1 % of the population iii. 1% is worth more, than the bottom 90% combinedPrestigious jobs have 4 common thingsi. More prestige = more money ii. More prestige = more education iii. More prestige = greater autonomy (no one is checking on them supervising) iv. More prestige = require more abstract thoughtStatus inconsistencyWhen an individual ranks high on some aspects of social class, and low on othersSocial Class LadderCapitalist Upper Middle Lower Middle Working Working Poor Underclassoverall poverty ratea. People under the age of 18- 20.7 % live at or below federal poverty guidelines. b. 18-64 12.9% live at or below federal poverty guidelines. c. 65+ 8.9% live at or below federal poverty guidelinesWelfareanytime you get free money from the government, it can be considered welfareUnemployment- (Normal conditions) if you were fired, quit, terminated, the only way you can collect is if you were laid off. 26 weeks of benefits i. Maximum amount you can get per week is $390 ii. Fed gov calculates- call on random surveyTANFi. In order to qualify for TANF you have to register for workforce Indiana ii. Once you get a job you must work at that job and are not allowed to quit iii. Cannot have any assets worth more than $1,000 iv. Must be able to verify that your home is drug free v. Must be able to verify that your home is a safe environment for children vi. Will be assigned a case worker to ensure you are in compliance vii. Limited to 24 months of benefits for life viii. You cannot make more than $712 dollars per month for family of 4 ix. Max amount you can get from TANF is $346.50 per monthDr. Soloman AschGroup Conformity- Line testAdolf EichmannLt. coronel to Adolf Hitler, set up death camps 1. Nuremburg defense- claiming they were just following ordersDr. Stanley MilgrimMilgrims experiment demonstrates obedience to authorityGroupPeople who think of themselves as belonging together and who regularly interact.Aggregatei. People who temporarily share physical space (work, class)Categoryi. People with similar traits or characteristicsclassifying a Groupi. Primary- Smaller more intimate in nature ii. Secondary- Larger more informal, more people 1. Break down into smaller primary group 2. Cliques- 3. Coalitions- temporary alliance that is formed to achieve some goal 4. ***Groups are not static, they are dynamic in nature***Groups cont.a. As Group size increases, intimacy decreases but stability increases. i. Diad- group of two people ii. Triad- Group of three people b. As groups increase the potential for networking also increases c. When the group gets big enough (about double digits) someone pops up as the leader. i. Instrumental leader- let's get it done (goal) ii. Expressive leader- makes sure everyone in the group is having fun and getting along.Michels Iron Law of Oligarchyi. Large Groups of people come to be dominated by a smaller self perpetuating elite group. ii. When a group gets big enough (very large hundred thousands) is mutates into a bureaucracyBureaucracy- formal org, that has the following characteristics a. Division on labor- Everyone has their own task b. Hierarchy of auth.- levels of jobs c. Emphasizes the need for written rules, records, and written communication d. Tend to place authority with the office and not the individualMox Vaboriv. Maximize efficiency v. Increase profitability4 Major problems assoc. with bureaucracya. Not truly impersonal ( peter principle)- people rise to level of their incompetence b. Bureaucratic ritualism- when rules become more important than actually doing something c. Red tape- following the rules to the point in which the rules prevent you from doing something. d. Alienation- sense of hopelessness and powerlessnessThe Mcdonaldization of Societya. George Ritzer- b. 4 Elements i. Efficiency ii. Calculability iii. Predictability- everything is the same iv. Control through automated technologyLeadership stylesa. Authoritarian- "very harsh, do it my way" b. Democratic- Leads by consensus c. Laissez-Faire- permissive, relaxed