music test 3
Terms in this set (29)
a hybrid form of percussive carnival music performed in Salvador, Bahia, in the northeast of Brazil. The music combines influences from traditional Afro-Brazilian drumming with others derived from Jamaican reggae.
a popular song style that emerged in the 1960s in Rio de Janeiro. Bossa nova musicians sing in an intimate singing style accompanied by syncopated, samba-derived rhythms and jazz-derived harmonies played on the guitar.
a huge percussion ensemble, including European and African-derived instruments, that performs in samba-school parades during Brazilian carnival.
an urban popular instrumental style that originated in early 20th century Rio de Janeiro. Choro performances blend European dances, such as the polka and waltz, with group improvisation and virtuoso display.
A friction drum used in carnival samba that improvises high- and low-pitched notes on top of the surdo beats.
A ukulele-like, four-string instrument used in various styles of Brazilian popular musics, including choro and samba.
An African-derived double bell used in the samba bateria.
A handheld frame drum with a wooden frame, metal jingles, and a skin head that can be tuned to provide high or low pitches. It is used throughout Brazil in traditional and popular musics.
A two-headed drum used in samba baterias. Its high-pitched sound provides the rhythmic calls that cue the other instruments of the bateria.
A small-frame hand drum played with a drum-stick; part of the samba bateria.
An African-derived, duple-meter song or dance accompanied by percussion. There are several versions of traditional samba, but the most popular can be heard during carnival season in Rio de Janiero.
A bass drum that provides the basic marching rhythm in samba.
A stringed instrument similar to the mandolin, with four double courses of strings, used in the Brazilian choro.
Sambas composed each year to be performed by samba schools during carnival season.
An accordion-like instrument of German origin associated with the tango that is also used in contemporary traditional-music ensembles. It has 38 buttons in the upper and middle registers and 33 buttons in the lower register.
A large, double-headed cylindrical drum played with sticks and known throughout the Andes and parts of Argentina. Has a muffled sound.
Most commonly, it is defined as an Afro-Uruguayan song and dance genre performed at carnival that uses a specific drum call played by a percussion ensemble.
A lively Argentine couples' dance that alternates between ¾ and 6/8 meter and is traditionally performed by an acoustic violin, guitar, and bombo. Today, the chacarera beat also appears in contemporary popular music.
A stereotype of a rioplatense male from the lower classes, associated with the marginal social environment of the early tango. Tango lyrics and rioplatense literature portray the compadrito as a courageous fighter, an arrogant bully, and a sensuous dancer.
Music descended from Spanish roots and that developed in the Americas. It has specific local meanings. In Argentina, it is used to describe music that is sung in Spanish and has predominantly European characteristics.
A South American horseman from the plains regions of Argentina and Uruguay or from Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil. Gaucho music features solo singing and dancing accompanied by the guitar.
A rioplatense dialect that blends Italian linguistic characteristics with local patterns of speech. Lunfardo words appear frequently in the lyrics of tango songs.
An improvised Argentine dance performed by two competing gauchos. It is characterized by variations on a repeated chord progression played by the guitar, along with vigorous zapateo dancing.
A traditional song genre of Argentina and Uruguay in syncopated duple meter with guitar accompaniment. Alternatively, this term may refer to an urban popular dance, or to any place where tangos are performed
A rioplatense vocal competition that derives from the tradition of improvised sung poetry of the Iberian Peninsula. The payada is based on the improvisation of sung stanzas of poetry by two singers, accompanied by guitars. It can be compared with the Cuban controversia genre and Brazilian cantoria.
The plains region of Argentina, Uruguay, and southern Brazil that was home to the gaucho and that also encompasses the modern capital cities of Montevideo (Uruguay) and Buenos Aires (Argentina).
An adjective describing music (as well as people, places, and things) from the region encompassed by the Rio de la Plata estuary and including Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay, and parts of southern Bolivia.
An Argentine and Uruguayan popular genre that arose at the turn of the twentieth century in the surroundings of Buenos Aires and Montevideo. The tango uses a duple or quadruuple rhythm and features an accordion-like instrument known as the bandoneon. The word "tango" is probable of African origin. It once referred to popular music and dance celebrations performed by slaves throughout the Caribbean and Atlantic coast.
A specific dance style derived from Spanish sources, characterized by motion primarily from the waist down and the tapping of the dancers' shoes against the floor to create percussive sounds or rhythms.
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